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Elettaria Maton
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 10: 250 (1811); R.M. Sm., Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 43: 461-463 (1986)

Description:
     Low to robust herbs with creeping rhizome. Inflorescence elongate, branched, terminal on a separate leafless shoot, usually prostrate and subterranean with only the tips of the flowers visible; bracts remote, each subtending a several-many-flowered cincinnus; bracteole tubular; flowers white, yellow or orange; calyx tubular, 3-dentate, split down 1 side; corolla tube more than twice the length of the lobes; lateral staminodes small, subulate or absent; labellum about as long as the petals, obovate; filament short or absent, crest inconspicuous or absent; ovary 3-locular. Capsule globose or ellipsoid, indehiscent; seeds arilate. 2n 48, 50. (From Kubitsky, et al., p. 494)

Geographical Distribution:
     Four species of Elettaria are found in the Malesian region, and one, E. cardamomum, is endemic to Sri Lanka, but much cultivated in India and Guatemala, and naturalized in E Africa (Tanzania).

Taxonomic Diversity:
     Comprises about seven species.

Elettaria cardamomum Maton

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