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Department ofBotany



No. 313
January 2011


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In This Issue


Smithsonian Scientists to Help Identify and Eradicate Invasive Species in Alaskan Waters


From Smithsonianscience.org

The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) in Edgewater, Maryland, and the Alaska Sea Grant Program of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, were recently identified as the recipients of a $400,000 grant from NOAA's National Sea Grant College. The money will be used by the two collaborating organizations to create an early detection and rapid response system for invasive marine species in Alaska. A key element of the detection system will be observations from volunteer "citizen scientists."

The grant is one of five regional grants totaling $2 million awarded by the National Sea Grant College program to prevent and control aquatic invasive species. "Invasive species in our waterways are threatening ecosystems from coast to coast - from tunicates on the West Coast and Australian spotted jellyfish on the East Coast to the round goby in our Great Lakes," NOAA Sea Grant Director Leon Cammen said. "These grants will help to reduce the great ecological and economic costs of aquatic invasive species."

A non-native species, Didemnum vexillum, was discovered in Sitka, Alaska, earlier this year during a Marine Invasive Species Bioblitz organized by SERC, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Alaska Sitka Tribe, University of Alaska, NOAA and San Francisco State University. A notorious fouling organism on boats, fishing nets, docks, and buoys, D. vexillum (the carpet sea squirt) is of major concern because it grows rapidly and can completely cover aquaculture nets, shellfish beds and sensitive marine environments. Believed to have originated near Japan, the species spreads through both sexual reproduction and fragmentation, which aids in its ability to colonize new areas rapidly.

Didemnum vexillum could have been introduced to Alaska through ballast water, fouled commercial and recreational boat hulls, relocating fouled piers and docks, fishing equipment and aquaculture gear. Now that it has been identified in Sitka, it is important to keep D. vexillum from spreading to other parts of Alaska. Several agencies are now working in conjunction with the Smithsonian to develop a rapid response plan for D. vexillum and efforts are underway to determine the extent of its distribution.


Current Literature


Aguilera, X.G., and Chavez-Ramrez, F. 2010. Distribution, abundance, and status of Cuban Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis nesiotes). Wilson J. Ornithol. 122(3):556-562.

Akter, S., and Grafton, R.Q. 2010. Confronting uncertainty and missing values in environmental value transfer as applied to species conservation. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1407-1417.

Altamirano, A., Field, R., Cayuela, L., Aplin, P., Lara, A., and Rey-Benayas, J.M. 2010. Woody species diversity in temperate Andean forests: the need for new conservation strategies. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2080-2091.

Amano, T., Székely, T., Koyama, K., Amano, H., and Sutherland, W.J. 2010. A framework for monitoring the status of populations: an example from wader populations in the East Asian-Australasian flyway. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2238-2247.

Angeler, D.G., Trigal, C., Drakare, S., Johnson, R.K., and Goedkoop, W. 2010. Identifying resilience mechanisms to recurrent ecosystem perturbations. Oecologia 164(1):231-241.

Arianoutsou, M., Delipetrou, P., Celesti-Grapow, L., Basnou, C., Bazos, I., Kokkoris, Y., Blasi, C., and Vilà, M. 2010. Comparing naturalized alien plants and recipient habitats across an east-west gradient in the Mediterranean Basin. J. Biogeogr. 37(9):1811-1823.

Arponen, A., Cabeza, M., Eklund, J., Kujala, H., and Lehtomäki, J. 2010. Costs of integrating economics and conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1198-1204.

Aschenbach, T.A., Foster, B.L., and Imm, D.W. 2010. The initial phase of a longleaf pine-wiregrass savanna restoration: species establishment and community responses. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):762-771.

Assogbadjo, A.E., Kakai, R.L.G., Sinsin, B., and Pelz, D. 2010. Structure of Anogeissus leiocarpa Guill., Perr. natural stands in relation to anthropogenic pressure within Wari-Maro Forest Reserve in Benin. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(3):644-653.

Babin-Fenske, J., and Anand, M. 2010. Terrestrial insect communities and the restoration of an industrially perturbed landscape: assessing success and surrogacy. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):73-84.

Bach, L.A., Pedersen, R.B.F., Hayward, M., Stagegaard, J., Loeschcke, V., and Pertoldi, C. 2010. Assessing re-introductions of the African Wild dog (Lycaon pictus) in the Limpopo Valley Conservancy, South Africa, using the stochastic simulation program VORTEX. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):237-246.

Bailey, D., Schmidt-Entling, M.H., Eberhart, P., Herrmann, J.D., Hofer, G., Kormann, U., and Herzog, F. 2010. Effects of habitat amount and isolation on biodiversity in fragmented traditional orchards. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1003-1013.

Barbosa, A.M., Real, R., and Vargas, J.M. 2010. Use of coarse-resolution models of species' distributions to guide local conservation inferences. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1378-1387.

Barlow, A.C.D., Greenwood, C.J., Ahmad, I.U., and Smith, J.L.D. 2010. Use of an action-selection framework for human-carnivore conflict in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1338-1347.

Barrett, K., Helms, B.S., Guyer, C., and Schoonover, J.E. 2010. Linking process to pattern: causes of stream-breeding amphibian decline in urbanized watersheds. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1998-2005.

Batáry, P., Matthiesen, T., and Tscharntke, T. 2010. Landscape-moderated importance of hedges in conserving farmland bird diversity of organic vs. conventional croplands and grasslands. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2020-2027.

Bauer, J.T., Anderson, R.C., and Anderson, M.R. 2010. Competitive interactions among first-year and second-year plants of the invasive, biennial garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and native ground layer vegetation. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):720-728.

Berezina, N.A., and Strelnikova, A.P. 2010. The role of the introduced amphipod Gmelinoides fasciatus and native amphipods as fish food in two large-scale north-western Russian inland water bodies: Lake Ladoga and Rybinsk Reservoir. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:89-95.

Bochet, E., Tormo, J., and García-Fayos, P. 2010. Native species for roadslope revegetation: selection, validation, and cost effectiveness. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):656-663.

Bothe, H., Turnau, K., and Regvar, M. 2010. The potential role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in protecting endangered plants and habitats. Mycorrhiza 20(7):445-457.

Bradbury, R.B., Stoate, C., and Tallowin, J.R.B. 2010. Lowland farmland bird conservation in the context of wider ecosystem service delivery. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):986-993.

Brooks, S.E., Allison, E.H., Gill, J.A., and Reynolds, J.D. 2010. Snake prices and crocodile appetites: aquatic wildlife supply and demand on Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2127-2135.

Brunckhorst, D.J. 2010. Landscapes shaped by people and place institutions require a new conservation agenda. BioScience 60(8):569-570.

Callmander, M.W., Laivao, M.O., and Randrianaivo, R. 2010. A new species of Pandanaceae from northern Madagascar, Pandanus ankaranensis. Novon 20(3):243-247.

Carman, M.R., Morris, J.A., Karney, R.C., and Grunden, D.W. 2010. An initial assessment of native and invasive tunicates in shellfish aquaculture of the North American east coast. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:8-11.

Cassini, M.H., Fasola, L., Chehebar, C., and Macdonald, D.W. 2010. Defining conservation status using limited information: the case of Patagonian otters Lontra provocax in Argentina. Hydrobiologia 652(1):389-394.

Cavaleri, M.A., and Sack, L. 2010. Comparative water use of native and invasive plants at multiple scales: a global meta-analysis. Ecology 91(9):2705-2715.

Cervantes, F.A., and Guevara, L. 2010. Rediscovery of the critically endangered Nelson's small-eared shrew (Cryptotis nelsoni), endemic to Volcán San Martín, Eastern México. Mamm. Biol. 75(5):451-454.

Chatzimanolis, S., Norris, L.A., and Caterino, M.S. 2010. Multi-island endemicity: phylogeography and conservation of Coelus pacificus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) darkling beetles on the California Channel Islands. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 103(5):785-795.

Chen, H., Qian, H., Spyreas, G., and Crossland, M. 2010. Native-exotic species richness relationships across spatial scales and biotic homogenization in wetland plant communities of Illinois, USA. Divers. Distrib. 16(5):737-743.

Christensen, D.L., and Gorchov, D.L. 2010. Population dynamics of goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) in the core of its historical range. Plant Ecol. 210(2):195-211.

Clarke, A., Mac Nally, R., Bond, N.R., and Lake, P.S. 2010. Conserving macroinvertebrate diversity in headwater streams: the importance of knowing the relative contributions of α and β diversity. Divers. Distrib. 16(5):725-736.

Claudet, J., and Fraschetti, S. 2010. Human-driven impacts on marine habitats: a regional meta-analysis in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2195-2206.

Clavero, M., Hermoso, V., Levin, N., and Kark, S. 2010. Geographical linkages between threats and imperilment in freshwater fish in the Mediterranean Basin. Divers. Distrib. 16(5):744-754.

Clemente, S., Hernández, J.C., Rodríguez, A., and Brito, A. 2010. Identifying keystone predators and the importance of preserving functional diversity in sublittoral rocky-bottom areas. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 413:55-67.

Collen, B., Purvis, A., and Mace, G.M. 2010. When is a species really extinct? Testing extinction inference from a sighting record to inform conservation assessment. Divers. Distrib. 16(5):755-764.

Colloff, M.J., Pullen, K.R., and Cunningham, S.A. 2010. Restoration of an ecosystem function to revegetation communities: the role of invertebrate macropores in enhancing soil water infiltration. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):65-72.

Conard, J.M., Statham, M.J., Gipson, P.S., and Wisely, S.M. 2010. The influence of translocation strategy and management practices on the genetic variability of a reestablished elk (Cervus elaphus) population. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):85-93.

Conde, D.A., Colchero, F., Zarza, H., Christensen, N.L., Sexton, J.O., Manterola, C., Chávez, C., Rivera, A., Azuara, D., and Ceballos, G. 2010. Sex matters: modeling male and female habitat differences for jaguar conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1980-1988.

Conesa, M.À., Mus, M., and Rosselló, J.A. 2010. Who threatens who? Natural hybridization between Lotus dorycnium and the island endemic Lotus fulgurans (Fabaceae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(1):1-12.

Cortés, J., Jiménez, C.E., Fonseca, A.C., and Alvarado, J.J. 2010. Status and conservation of coral reefs in Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58(Suppl. 1):33-50.

Costa, C.B., Ribeiro, S.P., and Castro, P.T.A. 2010. Ants as bioindicators of natural succession in savanna and riparian vegetation impacted by dredging in the Jequitinhonha River Basin, Brazil. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):148-157.

Cotton, S., and Wedekind, C. 2010. Male mutation bias and possible long-term effects of human activities. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1190-1197.

Craigie, I.D., Baillie, J.E.M., Balmford, A., Carbone, C., Collen, B., Green, R.E., and Hutton, J.M. 2010. Large mammal population declines in Africa's protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2221-2228.

Cristofoli, S., Piqueray, J., Dufrêne, M., Bizoux, J.P., and Mahy, G. 2010. Colonization credit in restored wet heathlands. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):645-655.

Cuevas, Y.A., and Zalba, S.M. 2010. Recovery of native grasslands after removing invasive pines. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):711-719.

Cyrus, D.P., Vivier, L., Owen, R.K., and Jerling, H.L. 2010. Ecological status and role of the Mfolozi-Msunduzi estuarine system within the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a World Heritage Site on the south-east coast of South Africa. Afr. J. Aquat. Sci. 35(2):109-116.

David, G.K., Marshall, D.J., and Riginos, C. 2010. Latitudinal variability in spatial genetic structure in the invasive ascidian, Styela plicata. Mar. Biol. 157(9):1955-1965.

Davis, C.C., Willis, C.G., Primack, R.B., and Miller-Rushing, A.J. 2010. The importance of phylogeny to the study of phenological response to global climate change. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 365(1555):3201-3213.

Dawkins, K.L., Furse, J.M., Wild, C.H., and Hughes, J.M. 2010. Distribution and population genetics of the threatened freshwater crayfish genus Tenuibranchiurus (Decapoda: Parastacidae). Mar. Freshwater Res. 61(9):1048-1055.

Dawson, S.E., and Gereau, R.E. 2010. New species of Aidia and Polysphaeria (Rubiaceae) from East Africa. Novon 20(3):256-264.

de Menezes, I.P.P., Barroso, P.A.V., Hoffmann, L.V., Lucena, V.S., and Giband, M. 2010. Genetic diversity of mocó cotton (Gossypium hirsutum race marie-galante) from the northeast of Brazil: implications for conservation. Botany 88(8):765-773.

Decocq, G. 2010. Invisibility promotes invasibility. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(7):346-347.

Dekoninck, W., Hendrickx, F., Dethier, M., and Maelfait, J.P. 2010. Forest succession endangers the special ant fauna of abandoned quarries along the river Meuse (Wallonia, Belgium). Restor. Ecol. 18(5):681-690.

Dogan, B., Duran, A., and Hakki, E.E. 2010. Jurinea tortumensis sp. nov. (Asteraceae) from northeast Anatolia, Turkey. Nord. J. Bot. 28(4):479-483.

Dönmez, A.A., and Mutlu, B. 2010. Bornmuellerantha alshehbaziana (Orobanchaceae), a new species from Turkey. Novon 20(3):265-267.

Driscoll, D.A., Lindenmayer, D.B., Bennett, A.F., Bode, M., Bradstock, R.A., Cary, G.J., Clarke, M.F., Dexter, N., Fensham, R., Friend, G., Gill, M., James, S., Kay, G., Keith, D.A., MacGregor, C., Russell-Smith, J., Salt, D., Watson, J.E.M., Williams, R.J., and York, A. 2010. Fire management for biodiversity conservation: key research questions and our capacity to answer them. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1928-1939.

Dzialowski, A.R. 2010. Experimental effect of consumer identity on the invasion success of a non-native cladoceran. Hydrobiologia 652(1):139-148.

Elliott, G.P., Wilson, P.R., Taylor, R.H., and Beggs, J.R. 2010. Declines in common, widespread native birds in a mature temperate forest. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2119-2126.

Ellis, C.J., and Coppins, B.J. 2010. Partitioning the role of climate, pollution and old-growth woodland in the composition and richness of lichen epiphytes in Scotland. Lichenologist 42:601-614.

Emery, S.M., and Rudgers, J.A. 2010. Ecological assessment of dune restorations in the Great Lakes region. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):184-194.

Estoup, A., Baird, S.J.E., Ray, N., Currat, M., Cornuet, J.M., Santos, F., Beaumont, M.A., and Excoffier, L. 2010. Combining genetic, historical and geographical data to reconstruct the dynamics of bioinvasions: application to the cane toad Bufo marinus. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 10(5):886-901.

Fashing, P.J., Nguyen, N., and Fashing, N.J. 2010. Behavior of geladas and other endemic wildlife during a desert locust outbreak at Guassa, Ethiopia: ecological and conservation implications. Primates 51(3):193-197.

Filipe, A.F., Magalhães, M.F., and Collares-Pereira, M.J. 2010. Native and introduced fish species richness in Mediterranean streams: the role of multiple landscape influences. Divers. Distrib. 16(5):773-785.

Flight, P.A. 2010. Phylogenetic comparative methods strengthen evidence for reduced genetic diversity among endangered tetrapods. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1307-1315.

Francisco-Ortega, J., Wang, F.G., Wang, Z.S., Xing, F.W., Liu, H., Xu, H., Xu, W.X., Luo, Y.B., Song, X.Q., Gale, S., Boufford, D.E., Maunder, M., and An, S.Q. 2010. Endemic seed plant species from Hainan Island: a checklist. Bot. Rev. 76(3):295-345.

Francisco-Ortega, J., Wang, Z.S., Wang, F.G., Xing, F.W., Liu, H., Xu, H., Xu, W.X., Luo, Y.B., Song, X.Q., Gale, S., Boufford, D.E., Maunder, M., and An, S.Q. 2010. Seed plant endemism on Hainan Island: a framework for conservation actions. Bot. Rev. 76(3):346-376.

Frankham, R. 2010. Challenges and opportunities of genetic approaches to biological conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1919-1927.

Freeman, D.J., Marshall, B.A., Ahyong, S.T., Wing, S.R., and Hitchmough, R.A. 2010. Conservation status of New Zealand marine invertebrates, 2009. New Zeal. J. Mar. Fresh. 44(3):129-148.

Gale, S.W., Maeda, A., Chen, C.I., and Yukawa, T. 2010. Inter-specific relationships and hierarchical spatial genetic structuring in Nervilia nipponica, an endangered orchid in Japan. J. Plant Res. 123(5):625-637.

García, M.B., Goñi, D., and Guzmán, D. 2010. Living at the edge: local versus positional factors in the long-term population dynamics of an endangered orchid. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1219-1229.

García-Robledo, C. 2010. Restoration of plant-pollinator interactions: pollination neighborhood and asymmetric pollen flow between restored habitats in a beetle-pollinated aroid. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):94-102.

Godoy, N., Gelcich, S., Vásquez, J.A., and Castilla, J.C. 2010. Spearfishing to depletion: evidence from temperate reef fishes in Chile. Ecol. Appl. 20(6):1504-1511.

Gómez-Rodríguez, C., Díaz-Paniagua, C., Bustamante, J., Portheault, A., and Florencio, M. 2010. Inter-annual variability in amphibian assemblages: implications for diversity assessment and conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 20(6):668-677.

Gonzales, E.K., and Clements, D.R. 2010. Plant community biomass shifts in response to mowing and fencing in invaded oak meadows with non-native grasses and abundant ungulates. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):753-761.

Greenlees, M.J., Phillips, B.L., and Shine, R. 2010. Adjusting to a toxic invader: native Australian frogs learn not to prey on cane toads. Behav. Ecol. 21(5):966-971.

Grman, E., and Suding, K.N. 2010. Within-year soil legacies contribute to strong priority effects of exotics on native California grassland communities. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):664-670.

Gurrutxaga, M., Lozano, P.J., and del Barrio, G. 2010. GIS-based approach for incorporating the connectivity of ecological networks into regional planning. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):318-326.

Habel, J.C., Schmitt, T., Meyer, M., Finger, A., Rodder, D., Assmann, T., and Zachos, F.E. 2010. Biogeography meets conservation: the genetic structure of the endangered lycaenid butterfly Lycaena helle (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(1):155-168.

Hadley, N.H., Hodges, M., Wilber, D.H., and Coen, L.D. 2010. Evaluating intertidal oyster reef development in South Carolina using associated faunal indicators. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):691-701.

Hajar, L., François, L., Khater, C., Jomaa, I., Déqué, M., and Cheddadi, R. 2010. Cedrus libani (A. Rich) distribution in Lebanon: past, present and future. C.R. Biologies 333(8):622-630.

Hall, S.J., and Zedler, J.B. 2010. Constraints on sedge meadow self-restoration in urban wetlands. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):671-680.

Hegland, S.J., Dunne, J., Nielsen, A., and Memmott, J. 2010. How to monitor ecological communities cost-efficiently: the example of plant-pollinator networks. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2092-2101.

Heiden, G., and Meireles, L.D. 2010. A new dwarf shrubby species of Baccharis subg. Baccharis (Asteraceae, Astereae) from southeastern Brazil. Brittonia 62(3):215-218.

Heinrichs, J.A., Bender, D.J., Gummer, D.L., and Schumaker, N.H. 2010. Assessing critical habitat: evaluating the relative contribution of habitats to population persistence. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2229-2237.

Heupel, M.R., and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2010. Science or slaughter: need for lethal sampling of sharks. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1212-1218.

HilleRisLambers, J., Yelenik, S.G., Colman, B.P., and Levine, J.M. 2010. California annual grass invaders: the drivers or passengers of change? J. Ecology 98(5):1147-1156.

Hitchmough, R.A., Hoare, J.M., Jamieson, H., Newman, D., Tocher, M.D., Anderson, P.J., Lettink, M., and Whitaker, A.H. 2010. Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2009. New Zeal. J. Zool. 37(3):203-224.

Hortal, J., Borges, P.A.V., Jiménez-Valverde, A., de Azevedo, E.B., and Silva, L. 2010. Assessing the areas under risk of invasion within islands through potential distribution modelling: the case of Pittosporum undulatum in São Miguel, Azores. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):247-257.

Hu, J., and Jiang, Z. 2010. Predicting the potential distribution of the endangered Przewalski's gazelle. J. Zool. 282(1):54-63.

Huang, W., Siemann, E., Wheeler, G.S., Zou, J.W., Carrillo, J., and Ding, J.Q. 2010. Resource allocation to defence and growth are driven by different responses to generalist and specialist herbivory in an invasive plant. J. Ecology 98(5):1157-1167.

Hunter, M., Dinerstein, E., Hoekstra, J., and Lindenmayer, D. 2010. A call to action for conserving biological diversity in the face of climate change. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1169-1171.

Inogwabini, B.I., Dianda, M., and Lingopa, Z. 2010. The use of breeding sites of Tilapia congica (Thys & van Audenaerde 1960) to delineate conservation sites in the Lake Tumba, Democratic Republic of Congo: toward the conservation of the lake ecosystem. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(3):800-806.

Iwata, T., Urabe, J., and Mitsuhashi, H. 2010. Effects of drainage-basin geomorphology on insectivorous bird abundance in temperate forests. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1278-1289.

Jacquemyn, H., and Hutchings, M.J. 2010. Biological Flora of the British Isles: Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. J. Ecology 98(5):1253-1267.

Jäger, H., and Kowarik, I. 2010. Resilience of native plant community following manual control of invasive Cinchona pubescens in Galápagos. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):103-112.

Jeppsson, T., Lindhe, A., Gärdenfors, U., and Forslund, P. 2010. The use of historical collections to estimate population trends: a case study using Swedish longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1940-1950.

Johnson, H.E., Mills, L.S., Wehausen, J.D., and Stephenson, T.R. 2010. Combining ground count, telemetry, and mark-resight data to infer population dynamics in an endangered species. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1083-1093.

Johnson, W.E., Onorato, D.P., Roelke, M.E., Land, E.D., Cunningham, M., Belden, R.C., McBride, R., Jansen, D., Lotz, M., Shindle, D., Howard, J., Wildt, D.E., Penfold, L.M., Hostetler, J.A., Oli, M.K., and O'Brien, S.J. 2010. Genetic restoration of the Florida panther. Science 329(5999):1641-1645.

Joshi, R., and Singh, R. 2010. Does wide ranging tuskers survive in north-west India? Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 33(7-8):205-215.

Kangur, K., Kumari, M., and Haldna, M. 2010. Consequences of introducing the invasive amphipod Gmelinoides fasciatus into large shallow Lake Peipsi: present distribution and possible effects on fish food. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:81-88.

Katsanevakis, S., Issaris, Y., Poursanidis, D., and Thessalou-Legaki, M. 2010. Vulnerability of marine habitats to the invasive green alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea within a marine protected area. Mar. Environ. Res. 70(2):210-218.

Kennedy, C.M., and Marra, P.P. 2010. Matrix mediates avian movements in tropical forested landscapes: inference from experimental translocations. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2136-2145.

Kéry, M., Royle, J.A., Schmid, H., Schaub, M., Volet, B., Häfliger, G., and Zbinden, N. 2010. Site-occupancy distribution modeling to correct population-trend estimates derived from opportunistic observations. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1388-1397.

Kikuchi, R.K.P., Leão, Z.M.A.N., and Oliveira, M.D.M. 2010. Conservation status and spatial patterns of AGRRA vitality indices in Southwestern Atlantic Reefs. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58(Suppl. 1):1-31.

Kimball, M.E., Able, K.W., and Grothues, T.M. 2010. Evaluation of long-term response of intertidal creek nekton to Phragmites australis (common reed) removal in oligohaline Delaware Bay salt marshes. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):772-779.

Kinyua, D., McGeoch, L.E., Georgiadis, N., and Young, T.P. 2010. Short-term and long-term effects of soil ripping, seeding, and fertilization on the restoration of a tropical rangeland. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):226-233.

Kinzli, K.D., and Myrick, C.A. 2010. Bendway weirs: could they create habitat for the endangered Rio Grande silvery minnow. River Res. Appl. 26(7):806-822.

Király, I., and Ódor, P. 2010. The effect of stand structure and tree species composition on epiphytic bryophytes in mixed deciduous-coniferous forests of Western Hungary. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2063-2069.

Klein, C.J., Steinback, C., Watts, M., Scholz, A.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. Spatial marine zoning for fisheries and conservation. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(7):349-353.

Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., Difford, M., and Campbell, B.M. 2010. Mapping human and social dimensions of conservation opportunity for the scheduling of conservation action on private land. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1348-1358.

Koh, L.P., Lee, T.M., Sodhi, N.S., and Ghazoul, J. 2010. An overhaul of the species-area approach for predicting biodiversity loss: incorporating matrix and edge effects. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1063-1070.

Kohlmann, B., Roderus, D., Elle, O., Solís, Á., Soto, X., and Russo, R. 2010. Biodiversity conservation in Costa Rica: a correspondence analysis between identified biodiversity hotspots (Araceae, Arecaceae, Bromeliaceae, and Scarabaeinae) and conservation priority life zones. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(2):511-559.

Korsu, K., Huusko, A., Korhonen, P.K., and Yrjänä, T. 2010. The potential role of stream habitat restoration in facilitating salmonid invasions: a habitat-hydraulic modeling approach. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):158-165.

Köse, Y.B., Ocak, A., and Erkara, I.P. 2010. Centaurea cadmea subsp. pontica subsp. nov. (Asteraceae) from northwest Anatolia, Turkey. Nord. J. Bot. 28(4):475-478.

Lachmuth, S., Durka, W., and Schurr, F.M. 2010. The making of a rapid plant invader: genetic diversity and differentiation in the native and invaded range of Senecio inaequidens. Mol. Ecol. 19(18):3952-3967.

Lahoz-Monfort, J.J., Guillera-Arroita, G., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Young, R.P., and Nicholson, E. 2010. Satellite imagery as a single source of predictor variables for habitat suitability modelling: how Landsat can inform the conservation of a critically endangered lemur. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1094-1102.

Larchevêque, M., Ballini, C., Baldy, V., Korboulewsky, N., Ormeño, E., and Montès, N. 2010. Restoration of a Mediterranean postfire shrubland: plant functional responses to organic soil amendment. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):729-741.

Leighton, P.A., Horrocks, J.A., and Kramer, D.L. 2010. Conservation and the scarecrow effect: can human activity benefit threatened species by displacing predators? Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2156-2163.

Lenda, M., Zagalska-Neubauer, M., Neubauer, G., and Skórka, P. 2010. Do invasive species undergo metapopulation dynamics? A case study of the invasive Caspian gull, Larus cachinnans, in Poland. J. Biogeogr. 37(9):1824-1834.

Lettink, M., Hopkins, G., and Mayhew, K. 2010. Conservation status, threats and management options for the Open Bay Island skink (Oligosoma taumakae). New Zeal. J. Zool. 37(3):225-234.

Lewandowski, A.S., Noss, R.F., and Parsons, D.R. 2010. The effectiveness of surrogate taxa for the representation of biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1367-1377.

Libralato, S., Coll, M., Tempesta, M., Santojanni, A., Spoto, M., Palomera, I., Arneri, E., and Solidoro, C. 2010. Food-web traits of protected and exploited areas of the Adriatic Sea. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2182-2194.

López-Osorio, F., and Miranda-Esquivel, D.R. 2010. A phylogenetic approach to conserving Amazonian biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1359-1366.

López-Saucedo, J., Ramón-Ugalde, J.P., and Piña-Aguilar, R.E. 2010. Is the recovery of extinct wild species through somatic nuclear transfer possible? Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(2):587-589.

Lorentsen, S.H., Sjøtun, K., and Grémillet, D. 2010. Multi-trophic consequences of kelp harvest. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2054-2062.

Lucek, K., Roy, D., Bezault, E., Sivasundar, A., and Seehausen, O. 2010. Hybridization between distant lineages increases adaptive variation during a biological invasion: stickleback in Switzerland. Mol. Ecol. 19(18):3995-4011.

Lukey, J.R., Crawford, S.S., and Gillis, D. 2010. Effect of information availability on assessment and designation of species at risk. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1398-1406.

Madejón, E., Doronila, A.I., Sanchez-Palacios, J.T., Madejón, P., and Baker, A.J.M. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and biosolids enhance the growth of a native Australian grass on sulphidic gold mine tailings. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):175-183.

Magle, S.B., Reyes, P., Zhu, J., and Crooks, K.R. 2010. Extirpation, colonization, and habitat dynamics of a keystone species along an urban gradient. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2146-2155.

Marini, L., Bommarco, R., Fontana, P., and Battisti, A. 2010. Disentangling effects of habitat diversity and area on orthopteran species with contrasting mobility. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2164-2171.

Martin, L. 2010. Metaphor and the idea of a dominant conservation ethic. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1172-1173.

Martínez-Quesada, E. 2010. Characterization of the vascular flora of San Felipe table-land, Camagüey province (Cuba), for conservation purposes. Caldasia 32(1):87-111.

Mascia, M.B., Claus, C.A., and Naidoo, R. 2010. Impacts of marine protected areas on fishing communities. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1424-1429.

Matar, D.A., and Anthony, B.P. 2010. Application of modified threat reduction assessments in Lebanon. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1174-1181.

Matías, L., Zamora, R., Mendoza, I., and Hódar, J.A. 2010. Seed dispersal patterns by large frugivorous mammals in a degraded mosaic landscape. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):619-627.

Maynard, J.A., Anthony, K.R.N., Afatta, S., Dahl-Tacconi, N., and Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 2010. Making a model meaningful to coral reef managers in a developing nation: a case study of overfishing and rock anchoring in Indonesia. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1316-1326.

Mbue, I.N., Ge, J.W., Kanyamanda, K., Njamnsi, Y.N., and Samake, M. 2010. Floristic inventory and diversity assessment of a lowland African Montane Rainforest at Korup, Cameroon and implications for conservation. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(3):759-768.

McBride, M.F., Wilson, K.A., Burger, J., Fang, Y.C., Lulow, M., Olson, D., O'Connell, M., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. Mathematical problem definition for ecological restoration planning. Ecol. Model. 221(19):2243-2250.

McCain, K.N.S., Baer, S.G., Blair, J.M., and Wilson, G.W.T. 2010. Dominant grasses suppress local diversity in restored tallgrass prairie. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):40-49.

Meister, B., Hofer, U., Ursenbacher, S., and Baur, B. 2010. Spatial genetic analysis of the grass snake, Natrix natrix (Squamata: Colubridae), in an intensively used agricultural landscape. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(1):51-58.

Miller, T.K., Allen, C.R., Landis, W.G., and Merchant, J.W. 2010. Risk assessment: simultaneously prioritizing the control of invasive plant species and the conservation of rare plant species. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2070-2079.

Mitrovich, M.J., Matsuda, T., Pease, K.H., and Fisher, R.N. 2010. Ants as a measure of effectiveness of habitat conservation planning in southern California. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1239-1248.

Moir, M.L., Brennan, K.E.C., Majer, J.D., Koch, J.M., and Fletcher, M.J. 2010. Plant species redundancy and the restoration of faunal habitat: lessons from plant-dwelling bugs. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):136-147.

Musil, J., Jurajda, P., Adámek, Z., Horký, P., and Slavík, O. 2010. Non-native fish introductions in the Czech Republic - species inventory, facts and future perspectives. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:38-45.

Neuwald, J.L. 2010. Population isolation exacerbates conservation genetic concerns in the endangered Amargosa vole, Microtus californicus scirpensis. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2028-2038.

O'Hara, K.L., Nesmith, J.C.B., Leonard, L., and Porter, D.J. 2010. Restoration of old forest features in coast redwood forests using early-stage variable-density thinning. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):125-135.

Ortiz-Pulido, R., Bravo-Cadena, J., Martínez-García, V., Reyes, D., Mendiola-González, M.E., Sánchez, G., and Sánchez, M. 2010. Birds of the Biosphere Reserve Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(2):373-391.

Osunkoya, O.O., Bayliss, D., Panetta, F.D., and Vivian-Smith, G. 2010. Variation in ecophysiology and carbon economy of invasive and native woody vines of riparian zones in south-eastern Queensland. Austral Ecol. 35(6):636-649.

Parsons, D.M., Morrison, M.A., and Slater, M.J. 2010. Responses to marine reserves: decreased dispersion of the sparid Pagrus auratus (snapper). Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2039-2048.

Patiño, J., Hylander, K., and González-Mancebo, J.M. 2010. Effect of forest clear-cutting on subtropical bryophyte communities in waterfalls, on dripping walls, and along streams. Ecol. Appl. 20(6):1648-1663.

Pawson, S.M., McCarthy, J.K., Ledgard, N.J., and Didham, R.K. 2010. Density-dependent impacts of exotic conifer invasion on grassland invertebrate assemblages. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1053-1062.

Pechácková, S., Hadincová, V., Münzbergová, Z., Herben, T., and Krahulec, F. 2010. Restoration of species-rich, nutrient-limited mountain grassland by mowing and fertilization. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):166-174.

Pennisi, E. 2010. Filling gaps in global biodiversity estimates. Science 330(6000):24.

Pfeifer, M., Passalacqua, N.G., Bartram, S., Schatz, B., Croce, A., Carey, P.D., Kraudelt, H., and Jeltsch, F. 2010. Conservation priorities differ at opposing species borders of a European orchid. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2207-2220.

Phillips, M.L., Murray, B.R., Leishman, M.R., and Ingram, R. 2010. The naturalization to invasion transition: are there introduction-history correlates of invasiveness in exotic plants of Australia? Austral Ecol. 35(6):695-703.

Phillips, S.J., Archer, A., Pressey, R.L., Torkornoo, D., Applegate, D., Johnson, D., and Watts, M.E. 2010. Voting power and target-based site prioritization. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1989-1997.

Pilliod, D.S., Muths, E., Scherer, R.D., Bartelt, P.E., Corn, P.S., Hossack, B.R., Lambert, B.A., McCaffery, R., and Gaughan, C. 2010. Effects of amphibian chytrid fungus on individual survival probability in wild boreal toads. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1259-1267.

Polo-Cavia, N., Gonzalo, A., López, P., and Martín, J. 2010. Predator recognition of native but not invasive turtle predators by naive anuran tadpoles. Anim. Behav. 80(3):461-466.

Pritt, J.J., and Frimpong, E.A. 2010. Quantitative determination of rarity of freshwater fishes and implications for imperiled-species designations. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1249-1258.

Radwan, J., Demiaszkiewicz, A.W., Kowalczyk, R., Lachowicz, J., Kawalko, A., Wójcik, J.M., Pyziel, A.M., and Babik, W. 2010. An evaluation of two potential risk factors, MHC diversity and host density, for infection by an invasive nematode Ashworthius sidemi in endangered European bison (Bison bonasus). Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2049-2053.

Recuero, E., Cruzado-Cortes, J., Parra-Olea, G., and Zamudio, K.R. 2010. Urban aquatic habitats and conservation of highly endangered species: the case of Ambystoma mexicanum (Caudata, Ambystomatidae). Ann. Zool. Fenn. 47(4):223-238.

Ribeiro, M.B.N., Bruna, E.M., and Mantovani, W. 2010. Influence of post-clearing treatment on the recovery of herbaceous plant communities in Amazonian secondary forests. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):50-58.

Robinson, T.P., van Klinken, R.D., and Metternicht, G. 2010. Comparison of alternative strategies for invasive species distribution modeling. Ecol. Model. 221(19):2261-2269.

Robison, H.W., and McAllister, C.T. 2010. Status and geographic distribution of the endemic Bayou Bodcau crayfish (Bouchardina robisoni) in Arkansas. Southwest. Nat. 55(3):449-452.

Rödder, D., Engler, J.O., Bonke, R., Weinsheimer, F., and Pertel, W. 2010. Fading of the last giants: an assessment of habitat availability of the Sunda gharial Tomistoma schlegelii and coverage with protected areas. Aquat. Conserv. 20(6):678-684.

Root-Bernstein, M., and Ladle, R.J. 2010. Conservation by design. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1205-1211.

Ross, P.S., Dungan, S.Z., Hung, S.K., Jefferson, T.A., Macfarquhar, C., Perrin, W.F., Riehl, K.N., Slooten, E., Tsai, J., Wang, J.Y., White, B.N., Würsig, B., Yang, S.C., and Reeves, R.R. 2010. Averting the baiji syndrome: conserving habitat for critically endangered dolphins in Eastern Taiwan Strait. Aquat. Conserv. 20(6):685-694.

Ruzicka, K.J., Groninger, J.W., and Zaczek, J.J. 2010. Deer browsing, forest edge effects, and vegetation dynamics following bottomland forest restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):702-710.

Sæther, B.E., Engen, S., Odden, J., Linnell, J.D.C., Grøtan, V., and Andrén, H. 2010. Sustainable harvest strategies for age-structured Eurasian lynx populations: the use of reproductive value. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1970-1979.

Sahlin, U., Smith, H.G., Edsman, L., and Bengtsson, G. 2010. Time to establishment success for introduced signal crayfish in Sweden - a statistical evaluation when success is partially known. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(5):1044-1052.

Sánchez-Gallen, I., Álvarez-Sánchez, F.J., and Benítez-Malvido, J. 2010. Structure of the advanced regeneration community in tropical rain forest fragments of Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2111-2118.

Schaich, H., Szabó, I., and Kaphegyi, T.A.M. 2010. Grazing with Galloway cattle for floodplain restoration in the Syr Valley, Luxembourg. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):268-277.

Schemmel, E., and Dunham, J. 2010. Threatened fishes of the world: Salvelinus confluentus (Salmoninae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 89(2):161-162.

Sewell, D., Beebee, T.J.C., and Griffiths, R.A. 2010. Optimising biodiversity assessments by volunteers: the application of occupancy modelling to large-scale amphibian surveys. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2102-2110.

Shaw, P., Sinclair, A.R.E., Metzger, K., Nkwabi, A., Mduma, S.A.R., and Baker, N. 2010. Range expansion of the globally Vulnerable Karamoja apalis Apalis karamojae in the Serengeti ecosystem. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(3):751-758.

Shaw, R.F., Iason, G.R., Pakeman, R.J., and Young, M.R. 2010. Regeneration of Salix arbuscula and Salix lapponum within a large mammal exclosure: the impacts of microsite and herbivory. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):1-9.

Shine, R. 2010. The ecological impact of invasive cane toads (Bufo marinus) in Australia. Q. Rev. Biol. 85(3):253-291.

Simmers, S.M., and Galatowitsch, S.M. 2010. Factors affecting revegetation of oil field access roads in semiarid grassland. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):27-39.

Smit, I.P.J., and Ferreira, S.M. 2010. Management intervention affects river-bound spatial dynamics of elephants. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2172-2181.

Smith, R.J., Monadjem, A., Magagula, C.N., and Mahlaba, T.A.M. 2010. Conservation planning and viability: problems associated with identifying priority sites in Swaziland using species list data. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(3):709-717.

Smith, W.H., and Rissler, L.J. 2010. Quantifying disturbance in terrestrial communities: abundance-biomass comparisons of herpetofauna closely track forest succession. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):195-204.

Sobral, M., and Leoni, L.S. 2010. Myrcia concisa (Myrtaceae), a new species from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Novon 20(3):345-347.

Sobral, M., and Mazine, F.F. 2010. Eugenia goiapabana (Myrtaceae), a new species from Espírito Santo, Brazil. Novon 20(3):348-350.

Sodhi, N.S., Wilcove, D.S., Lee, T.M., Sekercioglu, C.H., Subaraj, R., Bernard, H., Yong, D.L., Lim, S.L.H., Prawiradilaga, D.M., and Brook, B.W. 2010. Deforestation and avian extinction on tropical landbridge islands. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1290-1298.

Spencer, R.J., and Janzen, F.J. 2010. Demographic consequences of adaptive growth and the ramifications for conservation of long-lived organisms. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1951-1959.

Stagg, C.L., and Mendelssohn, I.A. 2010. Restoring ecological function to a submerged salt marsh. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):10-17.

Stott, L.V., Dougher, T.A.O., and Rew, L.J. 2010. Developing native multispecies sod: an alternative rehabilitation method for disturbed lands. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):742-752.

Swaisgood, R.R., and Sheppard, J.K. 2010. The culture of conservation biologists: show me the hope! BioScience 60(8):626-630.

Tablado, Z., Tella, J.L., Sánchez-Zapata, J.A., and Hiraldo, F. 2010. The paradox of the long-term positive effects of a North American crayfish on a European community of predators. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1230-1238.

Taylor, C.M., and Gereau, R.E. 2010. Rubiacearum americanarum magna hama pars XXIII: overview of the Guettardeae tribe in Central and South America, with five new species and three new combinations in Chomelia, Neoblakea, Pittoniotis, and Stenostomum. Novon 20(3):351-362.

Terzioglu, S., Baskent, E.Z., Sivrikaya, F., Çakir, G., Kadiogullari, A.I., Baskaya, S., and Keles, S. 2010. Monitoring forest plant biodiversity changes and developing conservation strategies: a study from Camili Biosphere Reserve Area in NE Turkey. Biologia 65(5):843-852.

Thaxter, C.B., Joys, A.C., Gregory, R.D., Baillie, S.R., and Noble, D.G. 2010. Hypotheses to explain patterns of population change among breeding bird species in England. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):2006-2019.

Thompson, S.A., Knoll, H., Blanchette, C.A., and Nielsen, K.J. 2010. Population consequences of biomass loss due to commercial collection of the wild seaweed Postelsia palmaeformis. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 413:17-31.

Todisco, V., Gratton, P., Cesaroni, D., and Sbordoni, V. 2010. Phylogeography of Parnassius apollo: hints on taxonomy and conservation of a vulnerable glacial butterfly invader. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(1):169-183.

Trant, A.J., Herman, T.B., and Good-Avila, S.V. 2010. Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on the reproductive ecology and pollination service of Plymouth gentian (Sabatia kennedyana Fern.), a lakeshore plant species at risk. Plant Ecol. 210(2):241-252.

Tsai, C.C., Yang, S., Trimble, A.C., and Ruesink, J.L. 2010. Interactions between two introduced species: Zostera japonica (dwarf eelgrass) facilitates itself and reduces condition of Ruditapes philippinarum (Manila clam) on intertidal flats. Mar. Biol. 157(9):1929-1936.

Türe, C., and Böcük, H. 2010. Distribution patterns of threatened endemic plants in Turkey: a quantitative approach for conservation. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):296-303.

Van Uytvanck, J., Milotic, T., and Hoffmann, M. 2010. Nitrogen depletion and redistribution by free-ranging cattle in the restoration process of mosaic landscapes: the role of foraging strategy and habitat proportion. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):205-216.

Van Vliet, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Bousquet, F., Saqalli, M., and Nasi, R. 2010. Effect of small-scale heterogeneity of prey and hunter distributions on the sustainability of bushmeat hunting. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1327-1337.

Vaughn, K.J., and Young, T.P. 2010. Contingent conclusions: year of initiation influences ecological field experiments, but temporal replication is rare. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):59-64.

Velázquez, J., Tejera, R., Hernando, A., and Núñez, M.V. 2010. Environmental diagnosis: integrating biodiversity conservation in management of Natura 2000 forest spaces. J. Nature Conserv. 18(4):309-317.

Vila, R., Lukhtanov, V.A., Talavera, G., Gil, F., and Pierce, N.E. 2010. How common are dot-like distributions? Taxonomical oversplitting in western European Agrodiaetus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) revealed by chromosomal and molecular markers. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(1):130-154.

Viña, A., Tuanmu, M.N., Xu, W.H., Li, Y., Ouyang, Z.Y., DeFries, R., and Liu, J.G. 2010. Range-wide analysis of wildlife habitat: implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(9):1960-1969.

Vogel, L.S., and Pechmann, J.H.K. 2010. Response of Fowler's toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) to competition and hydroperiod in the presence of the invasive coastal plain toad (Incilius nebulifer). J. Herpetol. 44(3):382-389.

Von Hase, A., Rouget, M., and Cowling, R.M. 2010. Evaluating private land conservation in the Cape Lowlands, South Africa. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1182-1189.

Walsh, M.G., Lantry, B.F., Boscarino, B., Bowen, K., Gerlofsma, J., Schaner, T., Back, R., Questel, J., Smythe, A.G., Cap, R., Goehle, M., Young, B., Chalupnicki, M., Johnson, J.H., and McKenna, J.E. 2010. Early observations on an emerging Great Lakes invader Hemimysis anomala in Lake Ontario. J. Great Lakes Res. 36(3):499-504.

Walston, J., Robinson, J.G., Bennett, E.L., Breitenmoser, U., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Goodrich, J., Gumal, M., Hunter, L., Johnson, A., Karanth, K.U., Leader-Williams, N., MacKinnon, K., Miquelle, D., Pattanavibool, A., Poole, C., Rabinowitz, A., Smith, J.L.D., Stokes, E.J., Stuart, S.N., Vongkhamheng, C., and Wibisono, H. 2010. Bringing the tiger back from the brink - the six percent solution. PLoS Biol. 8(9):e1000485.

Wassie, A., Sterck, F.J., and Bongers, F. 2010. Species and structural diversity of church forests in a fragmented Ethiopian Highland landscape. J. Veg. Sci. 21(5):938-948.

Wedekind, C., and Küng, C. 2010. Shift of spawning season and effects of climate warming on developmental stages of a grayling (Salmonidae). Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1418-1423.

Whitaker, S.G., Smith, J.R., and Murray, S.N. 2010. Reestablishment of the southern California rocky intertidal brown alga, Silvetia compressa: an experimental investigation of techniques and abiotic and biotic factors that affect restoration success. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):18-26.

Wiens, J.J., Ackerly, D.D., Allen, A.P., Anacker, B.L., Buckley, L.B., Cornell, H.V., Damschen, E.I., Davies, T.J., Grytnes, J.A., Harrison, S.P., Hawkins, B.A., Holt, R.D., McCain, C.M., and Stephens, P.R. 2010. Niche conservatism as an emerging principle in ecology and conservation biology. Ecol. Lett. 13(10):1310-1324.

Wilsey, B.J. 2010. Productivity and subordinate species response to dominant grass species and seed source during restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):628-637.

Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., and James, J.B. 2010. An overview of fish species introductions to the English Lake District, UK, an area of outstanding conservation and fisheries importance. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:60-65.

Wirth, A., Schmera, D., and Baur, B. 2010. Native and alien macroinvertebrate richness in a remnant of the former river Rhine: a source for recolonisation of restored habitats? Hydrobiologia 652(1):89-100.

Wittle, P.M., and Davis, A.P. 2010. A revision of Madagascan Bertiera (Rubiaceae). Blumea 55(2):105-110.

Wolak, M.E., Gilchrist, G.W., Ruzicka, V.A., Nally, D.M., and Chambers, R.M. 2010. A contemporary, sex-limited change in body size of an estuarine turtle in response to commercial fishing. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1268-1277.

Wolmarans, R., Robertson, M.P., and van Rensburg, B.J. 2010. Predicting invasive alien plant distributions: how geographical bias in occurrence records influences model performance. J. Biogeogr. 37(9):1797-1810.

Wolter, C., and Röhr, F. 2010. Distribution history of non-native freshwater fish species in Germany: how invasive are they? J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:19-27.

Woodcock, B.A., Edwards, A.R., Lawson, C.S., Westbury, D.B., Brook, A.J., Harris, S.J., Masters, G., Booth, R., Brown, V.K., and Mortimer, S.R. 2010. The restoration of phytophagous beetles in species-rich chalk grasslands. Restor. Ecol. 18(5):638-644.

Xu, Z.W., Wan, S.Q., Zhu, G.L., Ren, H.Y., and Han, X.G. 2010. The influence of historical land use and water availability on grassland restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18(s1):217-225.

Zabin, C.J., Obernolte, R., Mackie, J.A., Gentry, J., Harris, L., and Geller, J. 2010. A non-native bryozoan creates novel substrate on the mudflats in San Francisco Bay. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 412:129-139.

Zapata, F.A., Rodríguez-Ramírez, A., Caro-Zambrano, C., and Garzón-Ferreira, J. 2010. Mid-term coral-algal dynamics and conservation status of a Gorgona Island (Tropical Eastern Pacific) coral reef. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58(Suppl. 1):81-94.

Zhu, L.F., Zhan, X.J., Wu, H., Zhang, S.N., Meng, T., Bruford, M.W., and Wei, F.W. 2010. Conservation implications of drastic reductions in the smallest and most isolated populations of giant pandas. Conserv. Biol. 24(5):1299-1306.


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