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Department ofBotany



No. 326
February 2012


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In This Issue


Hot Spots become "Hope Spots"


Panama's Coiba National Park (CNP), Cocos Island in Costa Rica and Ecuador's Galapagos Islands are World Heritage Sites that protect an extensive marine corridor, essential to the health of fisheries in the region and to migrating sharks, whales and other marine life. For years, the authorities have protected Coiba National Park, the Panamanian segment of the corridor. Smithsonian scientists Hector Guzmán and Juan Maté work together with the authorities to promote conservation in CNP from their base on Ranchería Island, Coibita. Other scientists also further biological inventories and studies in the search for a cure for cancer and tropical diseases.

Together with Graham Edgar of Conservation International, Guzmán is co-author of a recent paper in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography, "Variation in reef fish and invertebrate communities with level of protection from fishing across the Eastern Tropical Pacific seascape," that confirms the effectiveness of well-protected Marine Protected Areas and concludes that the prevention of overfishing increases the number of large fish, which in turn reduces the number of starfish and sea urchins and helps to conserve coral reefs.

The CNP Management Plan, a collaboration between Panama's National Environmental Authority and the Smithsonian in Panama which is coordinated by Juan Maté, is the result of a participatory process that took place between May 2006 and February 2009, when it was approved by the CNP Board of Directors.


Current Literature


Albertson, L.K., Cardinale, B.J., Zeug, S.C., Harrison, L.R., Lenihan, H.S., and Wydzga, M.A. 2011. Impacts of channel reconstruction on invertebrate assemblages in a restored river. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):627-638.

Allan, E., Weisser, W., Weigelt, A., Roscher, C., Fischer, M., and Hillebrand, H. 2011. More diverse plant communities have higher functioning over time due to turnover in complementary dominant species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(41):17034-17039.

Ancheta, J., and Heard, S.B. 2011. Impacts of insect herbivores on rare plant populations. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2395-2402.

Anderwald, P., Daníelsdóttir, A.K., Haug, T., Larsen, F., Lesage, V., Reid, R.J., Víkingsson, G.A., and Hoelzel, A.R. 2011. Possible cryptic stock structure for minke whales in the North Atlantic: implications for conservation and management. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2479-2489.

Arakida, H., Mitsuhashi, H., Kamada, M., and Koyama, K. 2011. Mapping the potential distribution of shorebirds in Japan: the importance of landscape-level coastal geomorphology. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):553-563.

Atwater, D.Z., Bauer, C.M., and Callaway, R.M. 2011. Indirect positive effects ameliorate strong negative effects of Euphorbia esula on a native plant. Plant Ecol. 212(10):1655-1662.

Bakker, J.D., and Howell, J. 2011. An assessment of introductory restoration courses in the United States and Canada. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):572-577.

Balam, R., Carnevali, G., Cetzal-Ix, W., and Duno, R. 2011. Lophairis tapiae, a new species in the Lophiaris oerstedii complex (Orchidaceae) from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Acta Bot. Mex. 97:17-29.

Baral, N., and Stern, M.J. 2011. A comparative study of two community-based conservation models in Nepal. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2407-2426.

Barr, L.M., Pressey, R.L., Fuller, R.A., Segan, D.B., McDonald-Madden, E., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. A new way to measure the world's protected area coverage. PLoS ONE 6(9):e24707.

Barrientos, R., Alonso, J.C., Ponce, C., and Palacín, C. 2011. Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of marked wire in reducing avian collisions with power lines. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):893-903.

Beier, P., Spencer, W., Baldwin, R.F., and McRae, B.H. 2011. Toward best practices for developing regional connectivity maps. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):879-892.

Bella, E.M. 2011. Invasion prediction on Alaska trails: distribution, habitat, and trail use. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 4(3):296-305.

Blaum, N., Mosner, E., Schwager, M., and Jeltsch, F. 2011. How functional is functional? Ecological groupings in terrestrial animal ecology: towards an animal functional type approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2333-2345.

Bombi, P., Capula, M., D'Amen, M., and Luiselli, L. 2011. Climate change threatens the survival of highly endangered Sardinian populations of the snake Hemorrhois hippocrepis. Anim. Biol. 61(3):239-248.

Boshoff, A.F., Minnie, J.C., Tambling, C.J., and Michael, M.D. 2011. The impact of power line-related mortality on the Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres in a part of its range, with an emphasis on electrocution. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):311-327.

Bouldjedri, M., de Bélair, G., Mayache, B., and Muller, S.D. 2011. Threats to and conservation of North African wetlands: the case of the Ramsar site of Beni-Belaid (NE Algeria). C.R. Biologies 334(10):757-772.

Bravo-Valencia, L., and Rivera-Correa, M. 2011. A new species of harlequin frog (Bufonidae: Atelopus) with an unusual behavior from Andes of Colombia. Zootaxa 3045:57-67.

Brin, A., Bouget, C., Brustel, H., and Jactel, H. 2011. Diameter of downed woody debris does matter for saproxylic beetle assemblages in temperate oak and pine forests. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):653-669.

Brito, J.C., Fahd, S., Geniez, P., Martínez-Freiría, F., Pleguezuelos, J.M., and Trape, J.F. 2011. Biogeography and conservation of viperids from North-West Africa: an application of ecological niche-based models and GIS. J. Arid Environ. 75(11):1029-1037.

Brooks, R.T. 2011. Declines in summer bat activity in central New England 4 years following the initial detection of white-nose syndrome. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2537-2541.

Brown, E., Hughes, G., Watanuki, R., Johanos, T.C., and Wurth, T. 2011. The emergence of an important Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi) pupping area at Kalaupapa, Moloka'i, in the main Hawaiian islands. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):319-325.

Browne, M.A., and Chapman, M.G. 2011. Ecologically informed engineering reduces loss of intertidal biodiversity on artificial shorelines. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(19):8204-8207.

Brückmann, S.V., Krauss, J., van Achterberg, C., and Steffan-Dewenter, I. 2011. The impact of habitat fragmentation on trophic interactions of the monophagous butterfly Polyommatus coridon. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):707-714.

Brym, Z.T., Lake, J.K., Allen, D., and Ostling, A. 2011. Plant functional traits suggest novel ecological strategy for an invasive shrub in an understorey woody plant community. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(5):1098-1106.

Bullock, J.M., Aronson, J., Newton, A.C., Pywell, R.F., and Rey-Benayas, J.M. 2011. Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and opportunities. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26(10):541-549.

Burmeier, S., Eckstein, R.L., Donath, T.W., and Otte, A. 2011. Plant pattern development during early post-restoration succession in grasslands-a case study of Arabis nemorensis. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):648-659.

Cabezas-Díaz, S., Virgós, E., Mangas, J.G., and Lozano, J. 2011. The presence of a "competitor pit effect" compromises wild rabbit (Orcytolagus cuniculus) conservation. Anim. Biol. 61(3):319-334.

Cadotte, M.W., Carscadden, K., and Mirotchnick, N. 2011. Beyond species: functional diversity and the maintenance of ecological processes and services. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(5):1079-1087.

Campbell, G., Kueh, H., Diarrassouba, A., N'Goran, P.K., and Boesch, C. 2011. Long-term research sites as refugia for threatened and over-harvested species. Biol. Lett. 7(5):723-726.

Cardoso, P., Borges, P.A.V., Triantis, K.A., Ferrández, M.A., and Martín, J.L. 2011. Adapting the IUCN Red List criteria for invertebrates. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2432-2440.

Černý, T., Petřík, P., Boublík, K., Kolbek, J., and Adámek, M. 2011. Vegetation with Gagea bohemica in the landscape context. Plant Biosyst. 145(3):570-583.

Chantepie, S., Lasne, E., and Laffaille, P. 2011. Assessing the conservation value of waterbodies: the example of the Loire floodplain (France). Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2427-2444.

Chen, H., Liu, J., Zhang, Y.L., Wang, Q., Ge, X.L., Wei, Y.H., and Wang, R.Q. 2011. Influence of invasive plant Coreopsis grandiflora on functional diversity of soil microbial communities. J. Environ. Biol. 32(5):567-572.

Chen, S.H., Fan, Z.Y., Chen, C.S., and Lu, Y.W. 2011. The breeding biology of Chinese Crested Terns in mixed species colonies in eastern China. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):266-273.

Chytrý, M., Schaminée, J.H.J., and Schwabe, A. 2011. Vegetation survey: a new focus for Applied Vegetation Science. Appl. Veg. Sci. 14(4):435-439.

Ciancio, O., and Nocentini, S. 2011. Biodiversity conservation and systemic silviculture: concepts and applications. Plant Biosyst. 145(2):411-418.

Clarkson, C.E. 2011. Applicability of ptilochronology as a conservation tool in waterbird studies. Ecol. Indic. 11(6):1707-1709.

Clavero, M. 2011. Assessing the risk of freshwater fish introductions into the Iberian Peninsula. Freshwater Biol. 56(10):2145-2155.

Collier, M.J. 2011. Incorporating socio-economic factors into restoration: implications from industrially harvested peatlands. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):559-563.

Committee for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: A Symposium, U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, and National Research Council. 2011. Twenty-First Century Ecosystems: Managing the Living World Two Centuries After Darwin. The National Academies Press. Washington, D.C. 90 pp.

Cong, P.H., Cao, L., Fox, A.D., Barter, M., Rees, E.C., Jiang, Y., Ji, W.T., Zhu, W.Z., and Song, G.X. 2011. Changes in Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii distribution and abundance in the Yangtze River floodplain. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):260-265.

Consuegra, S., Phillips, N., Gajardo, G., and de Leaniz, C.G. 2011. Winning the invasion roulette: escapes from fish farms increase admixture and facilitate establishment of non-native rainbow trout. Evol. Appl. 4(5):660-671.

Dailianis, T., Tsigenopoulos, C.S., Dounas, C., and Voultsiadou, E. 2011. Genetic diversity of the imperilled bath sponge Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 across the Mediterranean Sea: patterns of population differentiation and implications for taxonomy and conservation. Mol. Ecol. 20(18):3757-3772.

Daoud-Bouattour, A., Muller, S.D., Ferchichi-Ben Jamaa, H., Ben Saad-Limam, S., Rhazi, L., Soulié-Märsche, I., Rouissi, M., Touati, B., Jilani, I.B., Gammar, A.M., and Ghrabi-Gammar, Z. 2011. Conservation of Mediterranean wetlands: interest of historical approach. C.R. Biologies 334(10):742-756.

Davies, K.W. 2011. Plant community diversity and native plant abundance decline with increasing abundance of an exotic annual grass. Oecologia 167(2):481-491.

de la Montaña, E., Benayas, J.M.R., Vasques, A., Razola, I., and Cayuela, L. 2011. Conservation planning of vertebrate diversity in a Mediterranean agricultural-dominant landscape. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2468-2478.

Deacon, A.E., Ramnarine, I.W., and Magurran, A.E. 2011. How reproductive ecology contributes to the spread of a globally invasive fish. PLoS ONE 6(9):e24416.

Dias, T.L.P., Neto, N.A.L., and Alves, R.R.N. 2011. Molluscs in the marine curio and souvenir trade in NE Brazil: species composition and implications for their conservation and management. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2393-2405.

Dietzsch, A.C., Stanley, D.A., and Stout, J.C. 2011. Relative abundance of an invasive alien plant affects native pollination processes. Oecologia 167(2):469-479.

Dirzo, R. 2011. Jaguars, tapirs, and lessons in conservation ecology. Front. Ecol. Environ. 9(8):470-471.

Dobrovolski, R., Diniz, J.A.F., Loyola, R.D., and De Marco, P. 2011. Agricultural expansion and the fate of global conservation priorities. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2445-2459.

Doust, S.J. 2011. Seed removal and predation as factors affecting seed availability of tree species in degraded habitats and restoration plantings in rainforest areas of Queensland, Australia. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):617-626.

Du, X.C., Ren, Y., Dang, G.D., and Lundholm, J. 2011. Distribution and plant community associations of the understory bamboo Fargesia qinlingensis in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China. Ann. Forest Sci. 68(7):1197-1206.

Durkin, L., Steer, M.D., and Belle, E.M.S. 2011. Herpetological surveys of forest fragments between Montagne d'Ambre National Park and Ankarana Special Reserve, northern Madagascar. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 6(1):114-126.

Edgar, G.J., Banks, S.A., Bessudo, S., Cortés, J., Guzmán, H.M., Henderson, S., Martinez, C., Rivera, F., Soler, G., Ruiz, D., and Zapata, F.A. 2011. Variation in reef fish and invertebrate communities with level of protection from fishing across the Eastern Tropical Pacific seascape. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 20:730-743.

Edwards, D.L., and Roberts, J.D. 2011. Genetic diversity and biogeographic history inform future conservation management strategies for the rare sunset frog (Spicospina flammocaerulea). Aust. J. Zool. 59(2):63-72.

Elsner, N.O., Jacobsen, S., Thieltges, D.W., and Reise, K. 2011. Alien parasitic copepods in mussels and oysters of the Wadden Sea. Helgoland Mar. Res. 65(3):299-307.

Fenesi, A., Rédei, T., and Botta-Dukát, Z. 2011. Hard traits of three Bromus species in their source area explain their current invasive success. Acta Oecol. 37(5):441-448.

Fensham, R.J., Silcock, J.L., Kerezsy, A., and Ponder, W. 2011. Four desert waters: setting arid zone wetland conservation priorities through understanding patterns of endemism. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2459-2467.

Fernandes, G.W., Oki, Y., Sanchez-Azofeifa, A., Faccion, G., and Amaro-Arruda, H.C. 2011. Hail impact on leaves and endophytes of the endemic threatened Coccoloba cereifera (Polygonaceae). Plant Ecol. 212(10):1687-1697.

Fernández-Chacón, A., Bertolero, A., Amengual, A., Tavecchia, G., Homar, V., and Oro, D. 2011. Spatial heterogeneity in the effects of climate change on the population dynamics of a Mediterranean tortoise. Global Change Biol. 17(10):3075-3088.

Ferro, V.G., and Melo, A.S. 2011. Diversity of tiger moths in a Neotropical hotspot: determinants of species composition and identification of biogeographic units. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):643-651.

Finger, A., Kettle, C.J., Kaiser-Bunbury, C.N., Valentin, T., Doudee, D., Matatiken, D., and Ghazoul, J. 2011. Back from the brink: potential for genetic rescue in a critically endangered tree. Mol. Ecol. 20(18):3773-3784.

Finger, A.J., Anderson, E.C., Stephens, M.R., and May, B.P. 2011. Application of a method for estimating effective population size and admixture using diagnostic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): implications for conservation of threatened Paiute cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii seleniris) in Silver King Creek, California. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 68(8):1369-1386.

Fisher, B., Bradbury, R.B., Andrews, J.E., Ausden, M., Bentham-Green, S., White, S.M., and Gill, J.A. 2011. Impacts of species-led conservation on ecosystem services of wetlands: understanding co-benefits and tradeoffs. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2461-2481.

Fullerton, A.H., Lindley, S.T., Pess, G.R., Feist, B.E., Steel, E.A., and McElhany, P. 2011. Human influence on the spatial structure of threatened Pacific salmon metapopulations. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):932-944.

Game, E.T., Lipsett-Moore, G., Saxon, E., Peterson, N., and Sheppard, S. 2011. Incorporating climate change adaptation into national conservation assessments. Global Change Biol. 17(10):3150-3160.

Gao, Y., Zhong, B.L., Yue, H., Wu, B., and Cao, S.X. 2011. A degradation threshold for irreversible loss of soil productivity: a long-term case study in China. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(5):1145-1154.

Gaspar, C., Gaston, K.J., Borges, P.A.V., and Cardoso, P. 2011. Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):671-684.

Geist, J. 2011. Integrative freshwater ecology and biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Indic. 11(6):1507-1516.

Glaw, F., and Vences, M. 2011. Description of a new frog species of Gephyromantis (subgenus Laurentomantis) with tibial glands from Madagascar. Spixiana 34(1):121-127.

Glennon, K.L., Donaldson, J.T., and Church, S.A. 2011. Evidence for hybridization between the endangered Roan Mountain bluet, Houstonia purpurea var. montana (Rubiaceae) and its common congener. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 138(3):272-286.

Gondim, A.I., Dias, T.L.P., Campos, F.F., Alonso, C., and Christoffersen, M.L. 2011. Benthic macrofauna from Areia Vermelha Marine State Park, Cabedelo, Paraíba, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 11(2):75-86.

González, J.D.V., and Vargas, F.H. 2011. Nesting density of Harpy Eagles in Darien with population size estimates for Panama. J. Raptor Res. 45(3):199-210.

Gouin, N., Souty-Grosset, C., Bórquez, J., Bertin, A., and Grandjean, F. 2011. Disentangling the impact of demographic factors on population differentiation of an endangered freshwater crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) using population density and microsatellite data. Freshwater Biol. 56(10):2105-2118.

Graham, T.L., and Hudak, P.F. 2011. Potential hazards of wind energy for rare, threatened, and endangered birds and bats in Texas. Int. J. Environ. Res. 5(4):917-922.

Gregorin, R., Gonçalves, E., Aires, C.C., and Carmignotto, A.P. 2011. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from Estação Ecológica Serra Geral do Tocantins. Biota Neotrop. 11(1):299-311.

Gregory, G.J., and Quijon, P.A. 2011. The impact of a coastal invasive predator on infaunal communities: assessing the roles of density and a native counterpart. J. Sea Res. 66(2):181-186.

Griscom, B., Griscom, H., and Deacon, S. 2011. Species-specific barriers to tree regeneration in high elevation habitats of West Virginia. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):660-670.

Haapalehto, T.O., Vasander, H., Jauhiainen, S., Tahvanainen, T., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2011. The effects of peatland restoration on water-table depth, elemental concentrations, and vegetation: 10 years of changes. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):587-598.

Halada, L., Evans, D., Romão, C., and Petersen, J.E. 2011. Which habitats of European importance depend on agricultural practices? Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2365-2378.

Hale, R., Pires, R., Santos, P., and Karamanlidis, A.A. 2011. Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus): fishery interactions in the archipelago of Madeira. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):298-304.

Hale, S.L., Riffell, S., Burger, L.W., Adams, H.L., and Dollar, J.G. 2011. Fire ant response to management of native grass conservation buffers. Am. Midl. Nat. 166(2):283-291.

Harrison, M.E., Cheyne, S.M., Darma, F., Ribowo, D.A., Limin, S.H., and Struebig, M.J. 2011. Hunting of flying foxes and perception of disease risk in Indonesian Borneo. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2441-2449.

Heatubun, C.D. 2011. Seven new species of Areca (Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 28:6-26.

Hebblewhite, M., Miguelle, D.G., Murzin, A.A., Aramilev, V.V., and Pikunov, D.G. 2011. Predicting potential habitat and population size for reintroduction of the Far Eastern leopards in the Russian Far East. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2403-2413.

Heger, T.J., Booth, R.K., Sullivan, M.E., Wilkinson, D.M., Warner, B.G., Asada, T., Mazei, Y., Meisterfeld, R., and Mitchell, E.A.D. 2011. Rediscovery of Nebela ansata (Amoebozoa: Arcellinida) in eastern North America: biogeographical implications. J. Biogeogr. 38(10):1897-1906.

Hellyer, C.B., Harasti, D., and Poore, A.G.B. 2011. Manipulating artificial habitats to benefit seahorses in Sydney Harbour, Australia. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):582-589.

Hennessey, A.B. 2011. Species rank of Phibalura (flavirostris) boliviana based on plumage, soft part color, vocalizations, and seasonal movements. Wilson J. Ornithol. 123(3):454-458.

Hermoso, V., Januchowski-Hartley, S., Linke, S., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Reference vs. present-day condition: early planning decisions influence the achievement of conservation objectives. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):500-509.

Hernandez, R.R., and Sandquist, D.R. 2011. Disturbance of biological soil crust increases emergence of exotic vascular plants in California sage scrub. Plant Ecol. 212(10):1709-1721.

Higgs, E.S., and Roush, W.M. 2011. Restoring remote ecosystems. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):553-558.

Hillhouse, H.L., and Zedler, P.H. 2011. Native species establishment in tallgrass prairie plantings. Am. Midl. Nat. 166(2):292-308.

Hobbs, J.P.A., Jones, G.P., and Munday, P.L. 2011. Extinction risk in endemic marine fishes. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1053-1055.

Hoffman, J.I., Grant, S.M., Forcada, J., and Phillips, C.D. 2011. Bayesian inference of a historical bottleneck in a heavily exploited marine mammal. Mol. Ecol. 20(19):3989-4008.

Honey-Rosés, J., Baylis, K., and Ramírez, M.I. 2011. A spatially explicit estimate of avoided forest loss. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1032-1043.

Horák, J., Chobot, K., Gabriš, R., Jelínek, J., Konvička, O., Krejčik, S., and Sabol, O. 2011. Uphill distributional shift of an endangered habitat specialist. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):743-746.

Houde, A.L.S., Fraser, D.J., O'Reilly, P., and Hutchings, J.A. 2011. Relative risks of inbreeding and outbreeding depression in the wild in endangered salmon. Evol. Appl. 4(5):634-647.

Hu, J.H., Jiang, Z.G., Zhang, C.L., Xiao, F., and Hu, H.J. 2011. Bird diversity and the conservation value of a new Ramsar site: Guangdong Haifeng Wetlands, China. Integr. Zool. 6(3):266-278.

Hugonnot, V., Boudier, P., Mulot, P.E., and Vergne, T. 2011. Cephalozia macrostachya Kaal. indicator of the conservation status of a bog in Sologne (Cher, France); its usefullness in the management issue. Acta Bot. Gallica 158(3):329-345.

Isbell, F.I., and Wilsey, B.J. 2011. Rapid biodiversity declines in both ungrazed and intensely grazed exotic grasslands. Plant Ecol. 212(10):1663-1674.

Jahner, J.P., Bonilla, M.M., Badik, K.J., Shapiro, A.M., and Forister, M.L. 2011. Use of exotic hosts by Lepidoptera: widespread species colonize more novel hosts. Evolution 65(9):2719-2724.

Jakob, E.M., Porter, A.H., Ginsberg, H., Bednarski, J.V., and Houser, J. 2011. A 4-year study of invasive and native spider populations in Maine. Can. J. Zool. 89(8):668-677.

Januchowski-Hartley, S.R., Hermoso, V., Pressey, R.L., Linke, S., Kool, J., Pearson, R.G., Pusey, B.J., and VanDerWal, J. 2011. Coarse-filter surrogates do not represent freshwater fish diversity at a regional scale in Queensland, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2499-2511.

Jenkins, A.R., Shaw, J.M., Smallie, J.J., Gibbons, B., Visagie, R., and Ryan, P.G. 2011. Estimating the impacts of power line collisions on Ludwig's Bustards Neotis ludwigii. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):303-310.

Jirinec, V., Campos, B.R., and Johnson, M.D. 2011. Roosting behaviour of a migratory songbird on Jamaican coffee farms: landscape composition may affect delivery of an ecosystem service. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):353-361.

Johst, K., Drechsler, M., van Teeffelen, A.J.A., Hartig, F., Vos, C.C., Wissel, S., Watzold, F., and Opdam, P. 2011. Biodiversity conservation in dynamic landscapes: trade-offs between number, connectivity and turnover of habitat patches. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(5):1227-1235.

Kelly, J.R., Scheibling, R.E., and Balch, T. 2011. Invasion-mediated shifts in the macrobenthic assemblage of a rocky subtidal ecosystem. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 437:69-78.

Klorvuttimontara, S., McClean, C.J., and Hill, J.K. 2011. Evaluating the effectiveness of Protected Areas for conserving tropical forest butterflies of Thailand. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2534-2540.

Kocijan, I., Galov, A., Ćetkovic, H., Kusak, J., Gomerčić, T., and Huber, Ð. 2011. Genetic diversity of Dinaric brown bears (Ursus arctos) in Croatia with implications for bear conservation in Europe. Mamm. Biol. 76(5):615-621.

Kostyack, J., Lawler, J.J., Goble, D.D., Olden, J.D., and Scott, J.M. 2011. Beyond reserves and corridors: policy solutions to facilitate the movement of plants and animals in a changing climate. BioScience 61(9):713-719.

Krause, B., Culmsee, H., Wesche, K., Bergmeier, E., and Leuschner, C. 2011. Habitat loss of floodplain meadows in north Germany since the 1950s. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2347-2364.

Krysko, K.L., Burgess, J.P., Rochford, M.R., Gillette, C.R., Cueva, D., Enge, K.M., Somma, L.A., Stabile, J.L., Smith, D.C., Wasilewski, J.A., Kieckhefer, G.N., Granatosky, M.C., and Nielsen, S.V. 2011. Verified non-indigenous amphibians and reptiles in Florida from 1863 through 2010: outlining the invasion process and identifying invasion pathways and stages. Zootaxa 3028:1-64.

Kujala, H., Araújo, M.B., Thuiller, W., and Cabeza, M. 2011. Misleading results from conventional gap analysis - messages from the warming north. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2450-2458.

Lages, B.G., Fleury, B.G., Menegola, C., and Creed, J.C. 2011. Change in tropical rocky shore communities due to an alien coral invasion. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 438:85-96.

Lamb, J.B., and Willis, B.L. 2011. Using coral disease prevalence to assess the effects of concentrating tourism activities on offshore reefs in a tropical marine park. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1044-1052.

Langridge, S.M. 2011. Limited effects of large-scale riparian restoration on seed banks in agriculture. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):607-616.

Lee, J.S.H., Rist, L., Obidzinski, K., Ghazoul, J., and Koh, L.P. 2011. No farmer left behind in sustainable biofuel production. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2512-2516.

Leffler, A.J., Monaco, T.A., and James, J.J. 2011. Nitrogen acquisition by annual and perennial grass seedlings: testing the roles of performance and plasticity to explain plant invasion. Plant Ecol. 212(10):1601-1611.

Leidner, A.K., and Haddad, N.M. 2011. Combining measures of dispersal to identify conservation strategies in fragmented landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1022-1031.

Li, X.S., Zhang, Y.L., Fang, J.H., Schweiger, O., and Settele, J. 2011. A butterfly hotspot in western China, its environmental threats and conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):617-632.

Lindsell, J.A., Shehab, A.H., and Anderson, G.Q.A. 2011. Patchiness in prey levels increases vulnerability of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibises Geronticus eremita on their Syrian breeding grounds. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):274-283.

Looney, C., and Eigenbrode, S.D. 2011. Landscape-level effects on cynipid component communities of "orphaned" native shrubs. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):695-706.

Lopez-Darias, M., Luzardo, J., Martínez, R., González, D., García, E.A., and Cabrera, J. 2011. Poaching vs. patrolling: effects on conservation of Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea borealis colonies. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):342-352.

López-Jamar, J., Casas, F., Díaz, M., and Morales, M.B. 2011. Local differences in habitat selection by Great Bustards Otis tarda in changing agricultural landscapes: implications for farmland bird conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):328-341.

López-Pujol, J., Zhang, F.M., Sun, H.Q., Ying, T.S., and Ge, S. 2011. Mountains of southern China as "plant museums" and "plant cradles": evolutionary and conservation insights. Mtn. Res. Dev. 31(3):261-269.

López-Toledo, L., Murillo-García, A., Martínez-Ramos, M., and Pérez-Salicrup, D.R. 2011. Demographic effects of legal timber harvesting on Guaiacum sanctum L., an endangered neotropical tree: implications for conservation. Interciencia 36(9):650-656.

Loss, S.R., and Blair, R.B. 2011. Reduced density and nest survival of ground-nesting songbirds relative to earthworm invasions in northern hardwood forests. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):983-992.

Lowry, L.F., Laist, D.W., Gilmartin, W.G., and Antonelis, G.A. 2011. Recovery of the Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi): a review of conservation efforts, 1972 to 2010, and thoughts for the future. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):397-419.

Macreadie, P.I., Fowler, A.M., and Booth, D.J. 2011. Rigs-to-reefs: will the deep sea benefit from artificial habitat? Front. Ecol. Environ. 9(8):455-461.

Madsen, T., and Ujvari, B. 2011. The potential demise of a population of adders (Vipera berus) in Smygehuk, Sweden. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 6(1):72-74.

Magrini, S. 2011. Herbaria as useful spore banks for integrated conservation strategies of pteridophytic diversity. Plant Biosyst. 145(3):635-637.

Maier, G., Speth, B., Arp, W., Bahnwart, M., and Kasprzak, P. 2011. New records of the rare glacial relict Eurytemora lacustris (Poppe 1887) (Copepoda; Calanoida) in atypical lake habitats of northern Germany. J. Limnol. 70(1):145-148.

Maldonado-Ocampo, J.A., de Santana, C.D., and Crampton, W.G.R. 2011. On Apteronotus magdalenensis (Miles, 1945) (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae): a poorly known species endemic to the rio Magdalena basin, Colombia. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(3):505-514.

Maneiro, I., Couceiro, L., Bárbara, I., Cremades, J., Ruiz, J.M., and Barreiro, R. 2011. Low genetic variation and isolation of northern peripheral populations of a red seaweed (Grateloupia lanceola). Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):590-600.

Marchi, M., Jørgensen, S.E., Bécares, E., Corsi, I., Marchettini, N., and Bastianoni, S. 2011. Resistance and re-organization of an ecosystem in response to biological invasion: some hypotheses. Ecol. Model. 222(16):2992-3001.

Markham, J., Young, I., and Renault, S. 2011. Plant facilitation on a mine tailings dump. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):569-571.

Marrone, F., Alfonso, G., Miserocchi, D., and Lo Brutto, S. 2011. First record of Hemidiaptomus (Gigantodiaptomus) superbus (Schmeil, 1895) in Italy, with notes on distribution and conservation status (Copepoda, Calanoida, Diaptomidae). J. Limnol. 70(1):149-155.

Martín-Vega, D., and Baz, A. 2011. Could the 'vulture restaurants' be a lifeboat for the recently rediscovered bone-skippers (Diptera: Piophilidae)? J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):747-753.

McCain, K.N.S., Wilson, G.W.T., and Blair, J.M. 2011. Mycorrhizal suppression alters plant productivity and forb establishment in a grass-dominated prairie restoration. Plant Ecol. 212(10):1675-1685.

McClanahan, T.R., and Omukoto, J.O. 2011. Comparison of modern and historical fish catches (AD 750-1400) to inform goals for marine protected areas and sustainable fisheries. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):945-955.

McPherson, G. 2011. Going back to the land in the age of entitlement. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):855-857.

Mejia-Falla, P.A., and Navia, A.F. 2011. Relationship between body size and geographic range size of elasmobranchs from the Tropical Eastern Pacific: an initial approximation for their conservation. Cienc. Mar. 37(3):305-321.

Mendenhall, C.D., Sekercioglu, C.H., Brenes, F.O., Ehrlich, P.R., and Daily, G.C. 2011. Predictive model for sustaining biodiversity in tropical countryside. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(39):16313-16316.

Mihoci, I., and Franjević, M. 2011. Rare and threatened geometrid moth Erannis ankeraria in Croatia: historical review, data analysis & perspectives. Sumar. List 135(7-8):353-360.

Montgomery, C.E., Boback, S.M., Green, S.E.W., Paulissen, M.A., and Walker, J.M. 2011. Cnemidophorus lemiscatus (Squamata: Teiidae) on Cayo Cochino Pequeno, Honduras: extent of island occupancy, natural history, and conservation status. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 6(1):10-24.

Moyle, P.B., Katz, J.V.E., and Quiñones, R.M. 2011. Rapid decline of California's native inland fishes: a status assessment. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2414-2423.

Murphy, D.D., Weiland, P.S., and Cummins, K.W. 2011. A critical assessment of the use of surrogate species in conservation planning in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California (USA). Conserv. Biol. 25(5):873-878.

Niemiller, M.L., Reynolds, R.G., Glorioso, B.M., Spiess, J., and Miller, B.T. 2011. Herpetofauna of the cedar glades and associated habitats of the Inner Central Basin of middle Tennessee. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 6(1):127-141.

Nislow, K.H., Hudy, M., Letcher, B.H., and Smith, E.P. 2011. Variation in local abundance and species richness of stream fishes in relation to dispersal barriers: implications for management and conservation. Freshwater Biol. 56(10):2135-2144.

Nogueira, C., Ribeiro, S., Costa, G.C., and Colli, G.R. 2011. Vicariance and endemism in a Neotropical savanna hotspot: distribution patterns of Cerrado squamate reptiles. J. Biogeogr. 38(10):1907-1922.

Nogueira, C.D., Ferreira, M.N.E., Recoder, R.S., Carmignotto, A.P., Valdujo, P.H., de Lima, F.C.T., Gregorin, R., Silveira, L.F., and Rodrigues, M.T. 2011. Vertebrate fauna of Estação Ecológica Serra Geral do Tocantins: biodiversity and conservation in the Brazilian Cerrado hotspot. Biota Neotrop. 11(1):329-338.

Ntshotsho, P., Reyers, B., and Esler, K.J. 2011. Assessing the evidence base for restoration in South Africa. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):578-586.

Nyamai, P.A., Prather, T.S., and Wallace, J.M. 2011. Evaluating restoration methods across a range of plant communities dominated by invasive annual grasses to native perennial grasses. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 4(3):306-316.

Ogutu, J.O., Owen-Smith, N., Piepho, H.P., and Said, M.Y. 2011. Continuing wildlife population declines and range contraction in the Mara region of Kenya during 1977-2009. J. Zool. 285(2):99-109.

Oishi, Y. 2011. Protective management of trees against debarking by deer negatively impacts bryophyte diversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2527-2536.

Ortiz-Santaliestra, M.E., Fisher, M.C., Fernández-Beaskoetxea, S., Fernández-Benéitez, M.J., and Bosch, J. 2011. Ambient ultraviolet B radiation and prevalence of infection by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in two amphibian species. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):975-982.

Otieno, M., Woodcock, B.A., Wilby, A., Vogiatzakis, I.N., Mauchline, A.L., Gikungu, M.W., and Potts, S.G. 2011. Local management and landscape drivers of pollination and biological control services in a Kenyan agro-ecosystem. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2424-2431.

Paltto, H., Nordberg, A., Nordén, B., and Snäll, T. 2011. Development of secondary woodland in oak wood pastures reduces the richness of rare epiphytic lichens. PLoS ONE 6(9):e24675.

Papeş, M., Sällström, M., Asplund, T.R., and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2011. Invasive species research to meet the needs of resource management and planning. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):867-872.

Parhar, R.K., and Mooers, A.Ø. 2011. Phylogenetically clustered extinction risks do not substantially prune the Tree of Life. PLoS ONE 6(8):e23528.

Pascual, L.L., Luigi, M., Alessandra, F., Emilio, B., and Luigi, B. 2011. Hotspots of species richness, threat and endemism for terrestrial vertebrates in SW Europe. Acta Oecol. 37(5):399-412.

Peck, J.E., and Moldenke, A.R. 2011. Invertebrate communities of subcanopy epiphyte mats subject to commercial moss harvest. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):733-742.

Pérez-García, J.M., Botella, F., Sánchez-Zapata, J.A., and Moleón, M. 2011. Conserving outside protected areas: edge effects and avian electrocutions on the periphery of Special Protection Areas. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):296-302.

Phillips, J.A., and Blackshaw, J.K. 2011. Extirpation of macroalgae (Sargassum spp.) on the subtropical east Australian coast. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):913-921.

Piepenbring, M., Caballero, E., Fournier, J., Guzmán, G., Hou, C.L., Kirschner, R., Serrano, E., Trampe, T., and Cáceres, O. 2011. Pioneer forays for fungi in the Darién Province in Eastern Panama: quintuplicating the knowledge on fungi in this area by five days of fieldwork. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2511-2526.

Piroddi, C., Bearzi, G., Gonzalvo, J., and Christensen, V. 2011. From common to rare: the case of the Mediterranean common dolphin. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2490-2498.

Posa, M.R.C. 2011. Peat swamp forest avifauna of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia: effects of habitat loss and degradation. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2548-2556.

Puschendorf, R., Hoskin, C.J., Cashins, S.D., McDonald, K., Skerratt, L.F., Vanderwal, J., and Alford, R.A. 2011. Environmental refuge from disease-driven amphibian extinction. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):956-964.

Pyšek, P., Jarošík, V., and Pergl, J. 2011. Alien plants introduced by different pathways differ in invasion success: unintentional introductions as a threat to natural areas. PLoS ONE 6(9):e24890.

Radulović, S., Laketić, D., and Teodorović, I. 2011. A botanical classification of standing waters in Serbia and its application to conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):510-527.

Ramos, E., Torres, R.B., Veiga, R.F.D., and Joly, C.A. 2011. Study of the arboreal component in two areas of the Submontane Rainforest in Ubatuba, São Paulo State. Biota Neotrop. 11(2):313-335.

Reif, J., Böhning-Gaese, K., Flade, M., Schwarz, J., and Schwager, M. 2011. Population trends of birds across the iron curtain: brain matters. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2524-2533.

Rivers, M.C., Taylor, L., Brummitt, N.A., Meagher, T.R., Roberts, D.L., and Lughadha, E.N. 2011. How many herbarium specimens are needed to detect threatened species? Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2541-2547.

Robert, A. 2011. Find the weakest link. A comparison between demographic, genetic and demo-genetic metapopulation extinction times. BMC Evol. Biol. 11:260.

Robin, V.V., Sinha, A., and Ramakrishnan, U. 2011. Determining the sex of a monomorphic threatened, endemic passerine in the sky islands of southern India using molecular and morphometric methods. Curr. Sci. 101(5):676-679.

Rodríguez, R., Ramírez, O., Valdiosera, C.E., García, N., Alda, F., Madurell-Malapeira, J., Marmi, J., Doadrio, I., Willerslev, E., Götherström, A., Arsuaga, J.L., Thomas, M.G., Lalueza-Fox, C., and Dalén, L. 2011. 50,000 years of genetic uniformity in the critically endangered Iberian lynx. Mol. Ecol. 20(18):3785-3795.

Rooney, T.P., and Rogers, D.A. 2011. Colonization and effects of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata), European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica), and Bell's honeysuckle (Lonicera x bella) on understory plants after five decades in southern Wisconsin forests. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 4(3):317-325.

Rovere, A., Parravicini, V., Firpo, M., Morri, C., and Bianchi, C.N. 2011. Combining geomorphologic, biological and accessibility values for marine natural heritage evaluation and conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):541-552.

Rudd, M.A. 2011. How research-prioritization exercises affect conservation policy. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):860-866.

Ruscoe, W.A., Ramsey, D.S.L., Pech, R.P., Sweetapple, P.J., Yockney, I., Barron, M.C., Perry, M., Nugent, G., Carran, R., Warne, R., Brausch, C., and Duncan, R.P. 2011. Unexpected consequences of control: competitive vs. predator release in a four-species assemblage of invasive mammals. Ecol. Lett. 14(10):1035-1042.

Russo, D., Cistrone, L., and Garonna, A.P. 2011. Habitat selection by the highly endangered long-horned beetle Rosalia alpina in Southern Europe: a multiple spatial scale assessment. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):685-693.

Rutte, C. 2011. The sacred commons: conflicts and solutions of resource management in sacred natural sites. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2387-2394.

Sætersdal, M., and Gjerde, I. 2011. Prioritising conservation areas using species surrogate measures: consistent with ecological theory? J. Appl. Ecol. 48(5):1236-1240.

Sanford, M.P. 2011. Improving conservation and management of the imperiled Carson Valley silverpot butterfly Speyeria nokomis carsonensis (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on rapid assessments of distribution, habitat, and threats. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):715-725.

Sang, W.G., Ma, K.P., and Axmacher, J.C. 2011. Securing a future for China's wild plant resource. BioScience 61(9):720-725.

Schaminée, J.H.J., Janssen, J.A.M., Hennekens, S.M., and Ozinga, W.A. 2011. Large vegetation databases and information systems: new instruments for ecological research, nature conservation, and policy making. Plant Biosyst. 145:85-90.

Schirmel, J., Mantilla-Contreras, J., Blindow, I., and Fartmann, T. 2011. Impacts of succession and grass encroachment on heathland Orthoptera. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):633-642.

Schultz, J.K. 2011. Population genetics of the monk seals (genus Monachus): a review. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):227-235.

Schwenk, W.S., and Donovan, T.M. 2011. A multispecies framework for landscape conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1010-1021.

Sciandrello, S., and Tomaselli, V. 2011. Distribution and ecology of Cornucopiae cucullatum L. (Poaceae) in the Mediterranean area and evaluations of its conservation status in Italy. Acta Bot. Gallica 158(3):401-407.

Scoppola, A., Magrini, S., and Celestini, M. 2011. Lupinus sect. Albus (Fabaceae): taxonomic criticism and conservation value. The case of wild populations in central Italy. Plant Biosyst. 145(3):514-526.

Searle, C.L., Gervasi, S.S., Hua, J., Hammond, J.I., Relyea, R.A., Olson, D.H., and Blaustein, A.R. 2011. Differential host susceptibility to Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, an emerging amphibian pathogen. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):965-974.

Serra, G., Bruschini, C., Lindsell, J.A., Peske, L., and Kanani, A. 2011. Breeding range of the last eastern colony of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita in the Syrian steppe: a threatened area. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):284-295.

Shanahan, S.A., Nelson, S.M., Van Dooremolen, D.M., and Eckberg, J.R. 2011. Restoring habitat for riparian birds in the lower Colorado River watershed: an example from the Las Vegas Wash, Nevada. J. Arid Environ. 75(11):1182-1190.

Sorvari, J., Haatanen, M.K., and Vesterlund, S.R. 2011. Combined effects of overwintering temperature and habitat degradation on the survival of boreal wood ant. J. Insect Conserv. 15(5):727-731.

Souther, S., and McGraw, J.B. 2011. Evidence of local adaptation in the demographic response of American ginseng to interannual temperature variation. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):922-931.

Souza, L., Bunn, W.A., Simberloff, D., Lawton, R.M., and Sanders, N.J. 2011. Biotic and abiotic influences on native and exotic richness relationship across spatial scales: favourable environments for native species are highly invasible. Funct. Ecol. 25(5):1106-1112.

Spencer, D., Enloe, S., Liow, P.S., Ksander, G., and Carruthers, R. 2011. Does superior competitive ability explain yellow starthistle's (Centaurea solstitialis) successful invasion of annual grasslands in California? Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 4(3):284-295.

Speziale, K.L., and Ezcurra, C. 2011. Patterns of alien plant invasions in northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. J. Arid Environ. 75(10):890-897.

Steneck, R.S., Hughes, T.P., Cinner, J.E., Adger, W.N., Arnold, S.N., Berkes, F., Boudreau, S.A., Brown, K., Folke, C., Gunderson, L., Olsson, P., Scheffer, M., Stephenson, E., Walker, B., Wilson, J., and Worm, B. 2011. Creation of a gilded trap by the high economic value of the Maine lobster fishery. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):904-912.

Swaisgood, R.R., Wei, F.W., McShea, W.J., Wildt, D.E., Kouba, A.J., and Zhang, Z.J. 2011. Can science save the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)? Unifying science and policy in an adaptive management paradigm. Integr. Zool. 6(3):290-296.

Szteren, D., and Aurioles-Gamboa, D. 2011. Ecological regionalization of Zalophus californianus rookeries, as a tool for conservation in the Gulf of California. Cienc. Mar. 37(3):349-368.

Theberge, J., and Walker, G. 2011. Managing for caribou and ecological integrity: reply to Serrouya and Wittmer 2010. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):858-859.

Toledo, D., Agudelo, M.S., and Bentley, A.L. 2011. The shifting of ecological restoration benchmarks and their social impacts: digging deeper into Pleistocene re-wilding. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):564-568.

Török, P., Vida, E., Deák, B., Lengyel, S., and Tóthmérész, B. 2011. Grassland restoration on former croplands in Europe: an assessment of applicability of techniques and costs. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2311-2332.

Trivourea, M.N., Karamanlidis, A.A., Tounta, E., Dendrinos, P., and Kotomatas, S. 2011. People and the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus): a study of the socioeconomic impacts of the National Marine Park of Alonissos, northern Sporades, Greece. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):305-318.

Valenzuela-Quiñonez, F., García-De-León, F.J., De-Anda-Moñtanez, J.A., and Balart, E.F. 2011. The 'Totoaba' from the gulf of California: a species in danger of extintion? Interciencia 36(9):664-671.

Vanden-Broeck, A., Gruwez, R., Cox, K., Adriaenssens, S., Michalczyk, I.M., and Verheyen, K. 2011. Genetic structure and seed-mediated dispersal rates of an endangered shrub in a fragmented landscape: a case study for Juniperus communis in northwestern Europe. BMC Genet. 12:73.

Vásquez-Yeomans, L., Vega-Cendejas, M.E., Montero, J.L., and Sosa-Cordero, E. 2011. High species richness of early stages of fish in a locality of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System: a small-scale survey using different sampling gears. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2379-2392.

Vera, P., Belda, E.J., Kvist, L., Encabo, S.I., and Monrós, J.S. 2011. Habitat preference of endangered Eastern Iberian Reed Buntings Emberiza schoeniclus witherbyi. Bird Study 58(3):238-247.

Versieux, L.M. 2011. Brazilian plants urgently needing conservation: the case of Vriesea minarum (Bromeliaceae). Phytotaxa 28:35-49.

Victor, J.E., and Makwarela, L.E. 2011. South Africa's succulents under threat. Bradleya 29:137-142.

Vilela, V.M.D.N., Brassaloti, R.A., and Bertoluci, J. 2011. Anuran fauna of the restinga forest of the Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso, southeastern Brazil: species composition and breeding site utilization. Biota Neotrop. 11(1):83-93.

Vincent, A.C.J. 2011. Saving the shallows: focusing marine conservation where people might care. Aquat. Conserv. 21(6):495-499.

Wang, H.F., López-Pujol, J., Meyerson, L.A., Qiu, J.X., Wang, X.K., and Ouyang, Z.Y. 2011. Biological invasions in rapidly urbanizing areas: a case study of Beijing, China. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(11):2483-2509.

Wang, J., Li, Z.J., Guo, Q.H., Ren, G.P., and Wu, Y.X. 2011. Genetic variation within and between populations of a desert poplar (Populus euphratica) revealed by SSR markers. Ann. Forest Sci. 68(6):1143-1149.

Warren, J., Topping, C.J., and James, P. 2011. An evolutionary modelling approach to understanding the factors behind plant invasiveness and community susceptibility to invasion. J. Evol. Biol. 24(10):2099-2109.

Watson, T.K., Kittinger, J.N., Walters, J.S., and Schofield, T.D. 2011. Culture, conservation, and conflict: assessing the human dimensions of Hawaiian monk seal recovery. Aquat. Mammals 37(3):386-396.

Weller, S.G., Cabin, R.J., Lorence, D.H., Perlman, S., Wood, K., Flynn, T., and Sakai, A.K. 2011. Alien plant invasions, introduced ungulates, and alternative states in a mesic forest in Hawaii. Restor. Ecol. 19(5):671-680.

Wielstra, B., Boorsma, T., Pieterse, S.M., and de Iongh, H.H. 2011. The use of avian feeding guilds to detect small-scale forest disturbance: a case study in East Kalimantan, Borneo. Forktail 27:55-62.

Wittemyer, G. 2011. Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):1002-1009.

Wood, D.A., Vandergast, A.G., Espinal, J.A.L., Fisher, R.N., and Holycross, A.T. 2011. Refugial isolation and divergence in the Narrowheaded Gartersnake species complex (Thamnophis rufipunctatus) as revealed by multilocus DNA sequence data. Mol. Ecol. 20(18):3856-3878.

Wood, K.R., and Kiehn, M. 2011. Pittosporum halophilum Rock (Pittosporaceae: Apiales): rediscovery, taxonomic assessment, and conservation status of a critically endangered endemic species from Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Sci. 65(4):465-476.

Xiang, Z.F., Huo, S., and Xiao, W. 2011. Habitat selection of black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Tibet: implications for species conservation. Am. J. Primatol. 73(4):347-355.

Yang, H.Y., Chen, B., Barter, M., Piersma, T., Zhou, C.F., Li, F.S., and Zhang, Z.W. 2011. Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(3):241-259.

Young, S.L., Kyser, G.B., Barney, J.N., Claassen, V.P., and DiTomaso, J.M. 2011. The role of light and soil moisture in plant community resistance to invasion by yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis). Restor. Ecol. 19(5):599-606.

Zappi, D., and Taylor, N. 2011. A new species of Pilosocereus subgenus Gounellea, P. frewenii, from SE Brazil. Bradleya 29:131-136.

Zhou, S.C., and Zhang, M.H. 2011. An integrated analysis into the causes of ungulate mortality in the Wanda Mountains (Heilongjiang Province, China) and an evaluation of habitat quality. Biol. Conserv. 144(10):2517-2523.

Zitske, B.P., Betts, M.G., and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Negative effects of habitat loss on survival of migrant warblers in a forest mosaic. Conserv. Biol. 25(5):993-1001.

Zou, X.L., and Wang, K. 2011. A robustness analysis of biological population models with protection zone. Appl. Math. Model. 35(12):5553-5563.

Zulfiqar, S., Minhas, R.A., Awan, M.S., and Ali, U. 2011. Population and conservation status of barking deer (Muntiacus muntjac) in Pir Lasorha National Park and other areas of District Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. 43(5):993-997.


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