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No. 332
August 2012


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The future of the Biological Conservation Newsletter is under consideration - continue as is, modify it in some way, or cease production. The main purpose of the monthly newsletter is twofold: (1) to highlight stories of conservation research coming out of the Smithsonian Institution; and (2) to provide a comprehensive list of current literature related to conservation biology. We would like to understand what you find most useful, and whether the newsletter should continue. If you have not had the chance to, please complete a quick two-minute survey at <http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/F6HRSXS>. We also welcome comments about BCN sent directly to the editor at krupnickg@si.edu.

In This Issue


Coral Reef Emergency: 2,600 Scientists Call for Worldwide Rescue


-Adapted from Environment News Service

Coral reefs worldwide are being destroyed by changes in ocean temperature and chemistry faster than at any time since the last reef crisis 55 million years ago, thousands of marine scientists warned in a joint statement on July 9 from Cairns, Australia.

"The future of coral reefs isn't a marine version of tree-hugging but a central problem for humanity," said Jeremy Jackson, a senior scientist emeritus at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama and recipient of the 2012 Darwin Medal.

Speaking at a coral reef symposium in Cairns held only once every four years, Jackson said, "What's good for reefs is also critically important for people and we should wake up to that fact."

Jackson was among 2,600 of the world's top marine researchers at the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium who released an unprecedented "Consensus Statement on Climate Change and Coral Reefs."

By consensus the scientists are urging a worldwide effort to overcome growing threats to coral ecosystems and to the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on them. It calls for measures to head off the escalating damage from rising sea temperatures that cause coral bleaching, ocean acidification, overfishing and pollution from the land. Coral bleaching occurs when high water temperatures cause corals to expel their symbiotic algae; if prolonged or severe, it can kill the corals.

A coral specimen from Guam (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute/NOAA image).

Jackson told delegates that in the Caribbean Sea, 75-85 percent of the coral cover has been lost in the last 35 years. Even the Great Barrier Reef, the world's best-protected reef ecosystem, has lost half its coral cover in the past 50 years, he said.

Climate change is pushing that decline and causing increased droughts, agricultural failure and sea level rise at increasingly faster rates that implies huge problems for societies, the scientists warn. Coral reefs provide food and livelihood for tens of millions of coastal inhabitants around the world and function as natural breakwaters for waves and storms. Reefs provide an estimated $170 to $375 billion in goods and services globally each year.

The consensus statement says that by the end of this century, emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide at the current rate will warm sea surface temperatures by at least 2-3°C (3.6-5.4°F), raise sea-level by as much as 1.7 meters (5.7 feet), reduce ocean pH from 8.1 to less than 7.9 by dissolving additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in seawater, and increase storm frequency and/or intensity.

"There is a window of opportunity for the world to act on climate change - but it is closing rapidly," said Terry Hughes, director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University in Cairns.


Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation Graduate/Professional Training Courses


The newly renamed Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, a partnership between George Mason University and the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI), is proud to announce their Fall 2012/Spring 2013 course schedule. The School is now offering more courses than ever before, in a wide range of topics, all focused on training in different aspects of biodiversity conservation, from effective conservation leadership, to technical tools in statistics and field sampling. All courses are currently either 1- or 2-week intensive residential courses and they will be held in a brand-new, sustainably-built Academic Center on the grounds of SCBI in Front Royal, Virginia. Most courses can be taken either for graduate credit or continuing education units. For more information, visit http://conservationtraining.si.edu or e-mail SCBItraining@si.edu

Applied Climate Change
October 15-26, 2012
This course provides an overview of the knowledge, tools and resources needed to become more effective leaders and managers in adapting to climate change. Participants will develop practical skills through lectures, case studies, field assignments, study tours, and computer-based analyses. A field study tour of the Virginia Region provides an opportunity for viewing real-life climate change adaptation measures for water, biodiversity and the agricultural, tourism and wine industries.

Spatial Ecology, Geospatial Analysis & Remote Sensing
October 29-November 9, 2012
Learn to use GIS tools to address conservation research problems, quantifying effects of human-induced global changes on wildlife and biodiversity. Hands-on lab exercises (e.g. land cover mapping; home range analysis; modeling habitat selection; mapping species distributions) use remote sensing data and SCBI field surveys to monitor global changes, assess impacts on wildlife, and develop mitigating strategies.

Effective Conservation Leadership
November 4-10, 2012
This course provides an unparalleled professional development experience. Conservation practitioners, as well as students at the outset of their careers, become more effective leaders and managers through case studies and hands-on exploration of the leadership skills practiced in many professional fields. This course will apply effective leadership and communication skills and techniques to environmental and conservation issues.

Designing and Implementing a Biodiversity Action Plan for Conservation and Development
December 3-7, 2012
Learn strategies for developing and implementing a biodiversity action plan, particularly as they relate to companies involved in natural resource extraction or industrial development; international examples applied at the national and site specific levels to manage and conserve habitats and species will be a focus. Learn how BAPs relate to other development projects, such as the Environmental and Social Impact Assessments, how they improve biological knowledge and information, and the role of education and conservation programs.

Statistics for Ecology and Conservation Biology
March 3-14, 2013
Gain in-depth knowledge of analysis techniques for cutting-edge ecological research, employing R: classical regression models; mixed models; generalized linear models; generalized additive models; how to deal with the limitations of real datasets; and conservation-specific approaches.

Estimating Animal Abundance and Occupancy
April 1-12, 2013
The course is designed to provide a strong theoretical and analytical background to both graduate students and professionals in distance sampling, mark-recapture, and occupancy modeling techniques, with a strong focus on the practical use of field data in the programs DISTANCE, MARK and PRESENCE.

Species Monitoring & Conservation: Terrestrial Mammals
April 29-May 10, 2013
This course teaches current techniques in assessment and monitoring of wild mammal populations, including bats. Participants learn principles of study design; current field assessment methods; data analysis techniques including MARK and DISTANCE software; application of monitoring data to decision-making and population management; and collection and preparation of museum voucher specimens.


Current Literature


Adhikari, D., Barik, S.K., and Upadhaya, K. 2012. Habitat distribution modelling for reintroduction of Ilex khasiana Purk., a critically endangered tree species of northeastern India. Ecol. Eng. 40:37-43.

Akmentins, M.S., Pereyra, L.C., and Vaira, M. 2012. Using sighting records to infer extinction in three endemic Argentinean marsupial frogs. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):142-151.

Alfred, R., Ahmad, A.H., Payne, J., Williams, C., Ambu, L.N., How, P.M., and Goossens, B. 2012. Home range and ranging behaviour of Bornean elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) females. PLoS ONE 7(2):e31400.

Allnutt, T.F., McClanahan, T.R., Andréfouët, S., Baker, M., Lagabrielle, E., McClennen, C., Rakotomanjaka, A.J.M., Tianarisoa, T.F., Watson, R., and Kremen, C. 2012. Comparison of marine spatial planning methods in Madagascar demonstrates value of alternative approaches. PLoS ONE 7(2):e28969.

Altundag, E., Sevgi, E., Kara, O., Sevgi, O., Tecimen, H.B., and Bolat, I. 2012. Studies on the chorology, ecology, morphology and conservation strategies of Orchis anatolica Boiss (Orchidaceae). J. Environ. Biol. 33(2):325-333.

Alvarado, J.J., Cortés, J., Esquivel, M.F., and Salas, E. 2012. Costa Rica's Marine Protected Areas: status and perspectives. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(1):129-142.

Alves-Araújo, A., and Alves, M. 2012. Two new species and a new combination of Neotropical Sapotaceae. Brittonia 64(1):23-29.

Amori, G., Gippoliti, S., and Luiselli, L. 2012. Ecological correlates of threatened endemic island rodents. Mammalia 76(1):15-20.

Andonian, K., Hierro, J.L., Khetsuriani, L., Becerra, P.I., Janoyan, G., Villareal, D., Cavieres, L.A., Fox, L.R., and Callaway, R.M. 2012. Geographic mosaics of plant-soil microbe interactions in a global plant invasion. J. Biogeogr. 39(3):600-608.

Andrello, M., Nicolè, F., Till-Bottraud, I., and Gaggiotti, O.E. 2012. Effect of stage-specific vital rates on population growth rates and effective population sizes in an endangered iteroparous plant. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):208-217.

Andrew, M.E., Wulder, M.A., and Coops, N.C. 2012. Identification of de facto protected areas in boreal Canada. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):97-107.

Aparicio, A., Hampe, A., Fernández-Carrillo, L., and Albaladejo, R.G. 2012. Fragmentation and comparative genetic structure of four mediterranean woody species: complex interactions between life history traits and the landscape context. Divers. Distrib. 18(3):226-235.

Arponen, A. 2012. Prioritizing species for conservation planning. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):875-893.

Arponen, A., Lehtomäki, J., Leppänen, J., Tomppo, E., and Moilanen, A. 2012. Effects of connectivity and spatial resolution of analyses on conservation prioritization across large extents. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):294-304.

Aschehoug, E.T., Metlen, K.L., Callaway, R.M., and Newcombe, G. 2012. Fungal endophytes directly increase the competitive effects of an invasive forb. Ecology 93(1):3-8.

Ashcroft, M.B., Gollan, J.R., and Batley, M. 2012. Combining citizen science, bioclimatic envelope models and observed habitat preferences to determine the distribution of an inconspicuous, recently detected introduced bee (Halictus smaragdulus Vachal Hymenoptera: Halictidae) in Australia. Biol. Invasions 14(3):515-527.

Bachelet, D., Johnson, B.R., Bridgham, S.D., Dunn, P.V., Anderson, H.E., and Rogers, B.M. 2011. Climate change impacts on Western Pacific Northwest prairies and savannas. Northwest Sci. 85(2):411-429.

Baigún, C.R.M., Colautti, D., López, H.L., Van Damme, P.A., and Reis, R.E. 2012. Application of extinction risk and conservation criteria for assessing fish species in the lower La Plata River basin, South America. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):181-197.

Balas, C.J., Euliss, N.H., and Mushet, D.M. 2012. Influence of conservation programs on amphibians using seasonal wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region. Wetlands 32(2):333-345.

Ban, N.C., Cinner, J.E., Adams, V.M., Mills, M., Almany, G.R., Ban, S.S., McCook, L.J., and White, A. 2012. Recasting shortfalls of marine protected areas as opportunities through adaptive management. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):262-271.

Barberá, C., Moranta, J., Ordines, F., Ramón, M., de Mesa, A., Díaz-Valdés, M., Grau, A.M., and Massutí, E. 2012. Biodiversity and habitat mapping of Menorca Channel (western Mediterranean): implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):701-728.

Barbour, E., and Kueppers, L.M. 2012. Conservation and management of ecological systems in a changing California. Climatic Change 111(1):135-163.

Bassa, M., Chamorro, L., José-María, L., Blanco-Moreno, J.M., and Sans, F.X. 2012. Factors affecting plant species richness in field boundaries in the Mediterranean region. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):1101-1114.

Bellard, C., Bertelsmeier, C., Leadley, P., Thuiller, W., and Courchamp, F. 2012. Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecol. Lett. 15(4):365-377.

Bergum, K.E., Hild, A.L., and Mealor, B.A. 2012. Phenotypes of two generations of Sporobolus airoides seedlings derived from Acroptilon repens-invaded and non-invaded grass populations. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):227-233.

Bettacchioli, G., Taormina, M., Bernini, F., and Migliorini, M. 2012. Disturbance regimes in a wetland remnant: implications for trait-displacements and shifts in the assemblage structure of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):249-261.

Bevilacqua, S., Terlizzi, A., Claudet, J., Fraschetti, S., and Boero, F. 2012. Taxonomic relatedness does not matter for species surrogacy in the assessment of community responses to environmental drivers. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(2):357-366.

Bianconi, G.V., Suckow, U.M.S., Cruz-Neto, A.P., and Mikich, S.B. 2012. Use of fruit essential oils to assist forest regeneration by bats. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):211-217.

Bijlsma, R., and Loeschcke, V. 2012. Genetic erosion impedes adaptive responses to stressful environments. Evol. Appl. 5(2):117-129.

Bird, J.P., Buchanan, G.M., Lees, A.C., Clay, R.P., Develey, P.F., Yépez, I., and Butchart, S.H.M. 2012. Integrating spatially explicit habitat projections into extinction risk assessments: a reassessment of Amazonian avifauna incorporating projected deforestation. Divers. Distrib. 18(3):273-281.

Bird, P., Mutze, G., Peacock, D., and Jennings, S. 2012. Damage caused by low-density exotic herbivore populations: the impact of introduced European rabbits on marsupial herbivores and Allocasuarina and Bursaria seedling survival in Australian coastal shrubland. Biol. Invasions 14(3):743-755.

Boafo, Y., and Sani, M.M. 2011. Status of the Sapo National Park elephant population and implications for conservation of elephants in Liberia. Pachyderm 50:18-25.

Bogich, T.L., Barker, G.M., Mahlfeld, K., Climo, F., Green, R., and Balmford, A. 2012. Fragmentation, grazing and the species-area relationship. Ecography 35(3):224-231.

Bonduriansky, R., Crean, A.J., and Day, T. 2012. The implications of nongenetic inheritance for evolution in changing environments. Evol. Appl. 5(2):192-201.

Botts, E.A., Erasmus, B.F.N., and Alexander, G.J. 2012. Methods to detect species range size change from biological atlas data: a comparison using the South African Frog Atlas Project. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):72-80.

Boyce, R.L., Durtsche, R.D., and Fugal, S.L. 2012. Impact of the invasive shrub Lonicera maackii on stand transpiration and ecosystem hydrology in a wetland forest. Biol. Invasions 14(3):671-680.

Bradley, B.A., Blumenthal, D.M., Early, R., Grosholz, E.D., Lawler, J.J., Miller, L.P., Sorte, C.J.B., D'Antonio, C.M., Diez, J.M., Dukes, J.S., Ibanez, I., and Olden, J.D. 2012. Global change, global trade, and the next wave of plant invasions. Front. Ecol. Environ. 10(1):20-28.

Braga, J.M.A., and Kennedy, H. 2012. Calathea dorothyae sp. nov. (Marantaceae) from the sandy coastal plains of southeastern Brazil. Nord. J. Bot. 30(1):36-39.

Brodie, J.F., and Aslan, C.E. 2012. Halting regime shifts in floristically intact tropical forests deprived of their frugivores. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):153-157.

Brooks, C.P., Ervin, G.N., Varone, L., and Logarzo, G.A. 2012. Native ecotypic variation and the role of host identity in the spread of an invasive herbivore, Cactoblastis cactorum. Ecology 93(2):402-410.

Brower, L.P., Taylor, O.R., Williams, E.H., Slayback, D.A., Zubieta, R.R., and Ramírez, M.I. 2012. Decline of monarch butterflies overwintering in Mexico: is the migratory phenomenon at risk? Insect Conserv. Divers. 5(2):95-100.

Brutting, C., Wesche, K., Meyer, S., and Hensen, I. 2012. Genetic diversity of six arable plants in relation to their Red List status. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):745-761.

Bueno, A.S., Bruno, R.S., Pimentel, T.P., Sanaiotti, T.M., and Magnusson, W.E. 2012. The width of riparian habitats for understory birds in an Amazonian forest. Ecol. Appl. 22(2):722-734.

Burlakova, L.E., Karatayev, A.Y., and Karatayev, V.A. 2012. Invasive mussels induce community changes by increasing habitat complexity. Hydrobiologia 685(1):121-134.

Calderon-Aguilera, L.E., Rivera-Monroy, V.H., Porter-Bolland, L., Martínez-Yrízar, A., Ladah, L.B., Martínez-Ramos, M., Alcocer, J., Santiago-Pérez, A.L., Hernandez-Arana, H.A., Reyes-Gómez, V.M., Pérez-Salicrup, D.R., Díaz-Nuñez, V., Sosa-Ramírez, J., Herrera-Silveira, J., and Búrquez, A. 2012. An assessment of natural and human disturbance effects on Mexican ecosystems: current trends and research gaps. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):589-617.

Cam, E. 2012. Each site has its own survival probability, but information is borrowed across sites to tell us about survival in each site': random effects models as means of borrowing strength in survival studies of wild vertebrates. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):129-132.

Camardelli, M., and Napoli, M.F. 2012. Amphibian conservation in the Caatinga biome and semiarid region of Brazil. Herpetologica 68(1):31-47.

Cameron, K.H., and Leather, S.R. 2012. How good are carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) as indicators of invertebrate abundance and order richness? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):763-779.

Canessa, S., Heard, G.W., Parris, K.M., and McCarthy, M.A. 2012. Integrating variability in detection probabilities when designing wildlife surveys: a case study of amphibians from south-eastern Australia. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):729-744.

Caniglia, R., Fabbri, E., Cubaynes, S., Gimenez, O., Lebreton, J.D., and Randi, E. 2012. An improved procedure to estimate wolf abundance using non-invasive genetic sampling and capture-recapture mixture models. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):53-64.

Caplat, P., Nathan, R., and Buckley, Y.M. 2012. Seed terminal velocity, wind turbulence, and demography drive the spread of an invasive tree in an analytical model. Ecology 93(2):368-377.

Cardillo, M., and Meijaard, E. 2012. Are comparative studies of extinction risk useful for conservation? Trends Ecol. Evol. 27(3):167-171.

Carlile, N., Priddel, D., and Madeiros, J. 2012. Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):46-58.

Carter, D.L., and Blair, J.M. 2012. Recovery of native plant community characteristics on a chronosequence of restored prairies seeded into pastures in west-central Iowa. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):170-179.

Carthey, A.J.R., and Banks, P.B. 2012. When does an alien become a native species? A vulnerable native mammal recognizes and responds to its long-term alien predator. PLoS ONE 7(2):e31804.

Casale, P., Broderick, A.C., Freggi, D., Mencacci, R., Fuller, W.J., Godley, B.J., and Luschi, P. 2012. Long-term residence of juvenile loggerhead turtles to foraging grounds: a potential conservation hotspot in the Mediterranean. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):144-154.

Catterall, C.P., Freeman, A.N.D., Kanowski, J., and Freebody, K. 2012. Can active restoration of tropical rainforest rescue biodiversity? A case with bird community indicators. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):53-61.

Cevik, C., Cavas, L., Mavruk, S., Derici, O.B., and Cevik, F. 2012. Macrobenthic assemblages of newly introduced Caulerpa taxifolia from the Eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Biol. Invasions 14(3):499-501.

Chang, C.C., and Smith, M.D. 2012. Invasion of an intact plant community: the role of population versus community level diversity. Oecologia 168(4):1091-1102.

Chapman, M.G. 2012. Restoring intertidal boulder-fields as habitat for "specialist" and "generalist" animals. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):277-285.

Chomba, C., and Matandiko, W. 2011. Population status of black and white rhinos in Zambia. Pachyderm 50:50-55.

Chown, S.L., Huiskes, A.H.L., Gremmen, N.J.M., Lee, J.E., Terauds, A., Crosbie, K., Frenot, Y., Hughes, K.A., Imura, S., Kiefer, K., Lebouvier, M., Raymond, B., Tsujimoto, M., Ware, C., Van de Vijver, B., and Bergstrom, D.M. 2012. Continent-wide risk assessment for the establishment of nonindigenous species in Antarctica. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(13):4938-4943.

Cizek, L., Hauck, D., and Pokluda, P. 2012. Contrasting needs of grassland dwellers: habitat preferences of endangered steppe beetles (Coleoptera). J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):281-293.

Cizek, O., Zamecnik, J., Tropek, R., Kocarek, P., and Konvicka, M. 2012. Diversification of mowing regime increases arthropods diversity in species-poor cultural hay meadows. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):215-226.

Clavero, M., Araujo, R., Calzada, J., Delibes, M., Fernández, N., Gutiérrez-Expósito, C., Revilla, E., and Román, J. 2012. The first invasive bivalve in African fresh waters: invasion portrait and management options. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):277-280.

Coll, M., Piroddi, C., Albouy, C., Lasram, F.B., Cheung, W.W.L., Christensen, V., Karpouzi, V.S., Guilhaumon, F., Mouillot, D., Paleczny, M., Palomares, M.L., Steenbeek, J., Trujillo, P., Watson, R., and Pauly, D. 2012. The Mediterranean Sea under siege: spatial overlap between marine biodiversity, cumulative threats and marine reserves. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 21(4):465-480.

Corbin, J.D., and D'Antonio, C.M. 2012. Gone but not forgotten? Invasive plants' legacies on community and ecosystem properties. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 5(1):117-124.

Costa, J.B.P., Melo, F.P.L., Santos, B.A., and Tabarelli, M. 2012. Reduced availability of large seeds constrains Atlantic forest regeneration. Acta Oecol. 39:61-66.

Crous, C.J., Jacobs, S.M., and Esler, K.J. 2012. Drought-tolerance of an invasive alien tree, Acacia mearnsii and two native competitors in fynbos riparian ecotones. Biol. Invasions 14(3):619-631.

Croxall, J.P., Butchart, S.H.M., Lascelles, B., Stattersfield, A.J., Sullivan, B., Symes, A., and Taylor, P. 2012. Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):1-34.

Curry, C.J., Curry, R.A., and Baird, D.J. 2012. The contribution of riffles and riverine wetlands to benthic macroinvertebrate biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):895-913.

Cursach, J., and Rita, J. 2012. Implications of the reproductive biology of the narrow endemic Naufraga balearica (Apiaceae) for its conservation status. Plant Syst. Evol. 298(3):581-596.

De-Franco, B.A., Mendonça, F.F., Oliveira, C., and Foresti, F. 2012. Illegal trade of the guitarfish Rhinobatos horkelii on the coasts of central and southern Brazil: genetic identification to aid conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):272-276.

de Ita, A.O., Oyama, K., Smith, T.B., Wayne, R.K., and Milá, B. 2012. Genetic evidence for recent range fragmentation and severely restricted dispersal in the critically endangered Sierra Madre Sparrow, Xenospiza baileyi. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):283-291.

Decker, K.L., Allen, C.R., Acosta, L., Hellman, M.L., Jorgensen, C.F., Stutzman, R.J., Unstad, K.M., Williams, A., and Yans, M. 2012. Land use, landscapes, and biological invasions. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 5(1):108-116.

Deguchi, T., Jacobs, J., Harada, T., Perriman, L., Watanabe, Y., Sato, F., Nakamura, N., Ozaki, K., and Balogh, G. 2012. Translocation and hand-rearing techniques for establishing a colony of threatened albatross. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):66-81.

Dewas, M., Herr, J., Schley, L., Angst, C., Manet, B., Landry, P., and Catusse, M. 2012. Recovery and status of native and introduced beavers Castor fiber and Castor canadensis in France and neighbouring countries. Mammal Rev. 42(2):144-165.

Di Filippo, A., Biondi, F., Maugeri, M., Schirone, B., and Piovesan, G. 2012. Bioclimate and growth history affect beech lifespan in the Italian Alps and Apennines. Global Change Biol. 18(3):960-972.

Diez, J.M., Hulme, P.E., and Duncan, R.P. 2012. Using prior information to build probabilistic invasive species risk assessments. Biol. Invasions 14(3):681-691.

Dojnov, B., Vujčić, Z., Božić, N., Margetić, A., Vujčić, M., Nenadović, V., and Ivanović, J. 2012. Adaptations to captive breeding of the longhorn beetle Morimus funereus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae); application on amylase study. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):239-247.

Domínguez, M., Celdrán, D., Muñoz-Vera, A., Infantes, E., Martinez-Baños, P., Marín, A., and Terrados, J. 2012. Experimental evaluation of the restoration capacity of a fish-farm impacted area with Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile seedlings. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):180-187.

Doxford, S.W., and Freckleton, R.P. 2012. Changes in the large-scale distribution of plants: extinction, colonisation and the effects of climate. J. Ecology 100(2):519-529.

Dupain, J., Nackoney, J., Vargas, J.M., Johnson, P.J., Farfán, M.A., Bofaso, M., and Fa, J.E. 2012. Bushmeat characteristics vary with catchment conditions in a Congo market. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):32-40.

Echternacht, L., and Sano, P.T. 2012. A new Comanthera (Eriocaulaceae) from the Espinhaço Range, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brittonia 64(1):30-34.

Eda, M., Koike, H., Kuro-o, M., Mihara, S., Hasegawa, H., and Higuchi, H. 2012. Inferring the ancient population structure of the vulnerable albatross Phoebastria albatrus, combining ancient DNA, stable isotope, and morphometric analyses of archaeological samples. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):143-151.

Eitzel, M.V., Diver, S., Sardiñas, H., Hallett, L.M., Olson, J.J., Romero, A., Oliveira, G.D.T., Schuknecht, A.T., Tidmore, R., and Suding, K.N. 2012. Insights from a cross-disciplinary seminar: 10 pivotal papers for ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):147-152.

El Alqamy, H., Senn, H., Roberts, M.F., McEwing, R., and Ogden, R. 2012. Genetic assessment of the Arabian oryx founder population in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE: an example of evaluating unmanaged captive stocks for reintroduction. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):79-88.

Escobedo, V.M., Aranda, J.E., and Castro, S.A. 2011. Darwin's Naturalization Hypothesis assessed in the alien flora of continental Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 84(4):543-552.

Essl, F., Dullinger, S., Moser, D., Rabitsch, W., and Kleinbauer, I. 2012. Vulnerability of mires under climate change: implications for nature conservation and climate change adaptation. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):655-669.

Eviner, V.T., Garbach, K., Baty, J.H., and Hoskinson, S.A. 2012. Measuring the effects of invasive plants on ecosystem services: challenges and prospects. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 5(1):125-136.

Fedrowitz, K., Kuusinen, M., and Snäll, T. 2012. Metapopulation dynamics and future persistence of epiphytic cyanolichens in a European boreal forest ecosystem. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(2):493-502.

Feeley, K.J. 2012. Distributional migrations, expansions, and contractions of tropical plant species as revealed in dated herbarium records. Global Change Biol. 18(4):1335-1341.

Ferguson, J.M., Taper, M.L., Guy, C.S., and Syslo, J.M. 2012. Mechanisms of coexistence between native bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) and non-native lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush): inferences from pattern-oriented modeling. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 69(4):755-769.

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Finlayson, C.M. 2012. Forty years of wetland conservation and wise use. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):139-143.

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Fordham, D.A., Akçakaya, H.R., Araújo, M.B., Elith, J., Keith, D.A., Pearson, R., Auld, T.D., Mellin, C., Morgan, J.W., Regan, T.J., Tozer, M., Watts, M.J., White, M., Wintle, B.A., Yates, C., and Brook, B.W. 2012. Plant extinction risk under climate change: are forecast range shifts alone a good indicator of species vulnerability to global warming? Global Change Biol. 18(4):1357-1371.

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Franzén, M., and Betzholtz, P.E. 2012. Species traits predict island occupancy in noctuid moths. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):155-163.

Franzén, M., and Öckinger, E. 2012. Climate-driven changes in pollinator assemblages during the last 60 years in an Arctic mountain region in Northern Scandinavia. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):227-238.

Frederico, R.G., Farias, I.P., de Araújo, M.L.G., Charvet-Almeida, P., and Alves-Gomes, J.A. 2012. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the Amazonian freshwater stingray Paratrygon aiereba Müller & Henle, 1841 (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(1):71-80.

Frischie, S.L., and Rowe, H.I. 2012. Replicating life cycle of early-maturing species in the timing of restoration seeding improves establishment and community diversity. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):188-193.

Gandini, P., and Frere, E. 2012. The economic cost of seabird bycatch in Argentinean longline fisheries. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):59-65.

Gangloff, B., Shirihai, H., Watling, D., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A., Tillier, A., Pasquet, E., and Bretagnolle, V. 2012. The complete phylogeny of Pseudobulweria, the most endangered seabird genus: systematics, species status and conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):39-52.

Gaos, A.R., Lewison, R.L., Wallace, B.P., Yañez, I.L., Liles, M.J., Nichols, W.J., Baquero, A., Hasbún, C.R., Vasquez, M., Urteaga, J., and Seminoff, J.A. 2012. Spatial ecology of critically endangered hawksbill turtles Eretmochelys imbricata: implications for management and conservation. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 450:181-194.

García-Rangel, S. 2012. Andean bear Tremarctos ornatus natural history and conservation. Mammal Rev. 42(2):85-119.

Gaskin, J.F., Birken, A.S., and Cooper, D.J. 2012. Levels of novel hybridization in the saltcedar invasion compared over seven decades. Biol. Invasions 14(3):693-699.

Gerrodette, T., Olson, R., Reilly, S., Watters, G., and Perrin, W. 2012. Ecological metrics of biomass removed by three methods of purse-seine fishing for tunas in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):248-256.

Gitzendanner, M.A., Weekley, C.W., Germain-Aubrey, C.C., Soltis, D.E., and Soltis, P.S. 2012. Microsatellite evidence for high clonality and limited genetic diversity in Ziziphus celata (Rhamnaceae), an endangered, self-incompatible shrub endemic to the Lake Wales Ridge, Florida, USA. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):223-234.

Gompert, Z. 2012. Population genomics as a new tool for wildlife management. Mol. Ecol. 21(7):1542-1544.

González-Muñoz, N., Costa-Tenorio, M., and Espigares, T. 2012. Invasion of alien Acacia dealbata on Spanish Quercus robur forests: Impact on soils and vegetation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 269:214-221.

Gordon, I.J., Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., Altwegg, R., Garner, T.W.J., Gompper, M.E., Katzner, T.E., Pettorelli, N., and Redpath, S. 2012. What the food security' agenda means for animal conservation in terrestrial ecosystems. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):115-116.

Gordon, S.P., Sloop, C.M., Davis, H.G., and Cushman, J.H. 2012. Population genetic diversity and structure of two rare vernal pool grasses in central California. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):117-130.

Gormley, A.M., Slooten, E., Dawson, S., Barker, R.J., Rayment, W., du Fresne, S., and Bräger, S. 2012. First evidence that marine protected areas can work for marine mammals. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(2):474-480.

Goswami, V.R., Lauretta, M.V., Madhusudan, M.D., and Karanth, K.U. 2012. Optimizing individual identification and survey effort for photographic capture-recapture sampling of species with temporally variable morphological traits. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):174-183.

Gould, S.F. 2012. Comparison of post-mining rehabilitation with reference ecosystems in monsoonal eucalypt woodlands, northern Australia. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):250-259.

Gould, W.R., Patla, D.A., Daley, R., Corn, P.S., Hossack, B.R., Bennetts, R., and Peterson, C.R. 2012. Estimating occupancy in large landscapes: evaluation of amphibian monitoring in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Wetlands 32(2):379-389.

Gozlan, R.E. 2012. Mapping conservation priorities in the Mediterranean: the issue of non-native freshwater fish introductions. Fish. Manag. Ecol. 19(2):89-92.

Graebner, R.C., Callaway, R.M., and Montesinos, D. 2012. Invasive species grows faster, competes better, and shows greater evolution toward increased seed size and growth than exotic non-invasive congeners. Plant Ecol. 213(4):545-553.

Grüebler, M.U., Schuler, H., Horch, P., and Spaar, R. 2012. The effectiveness of conservation measures to enhance nest survival in a meadow bird suffering from anthropogenic nest loss. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):197-203.

Guo, Q.F., Sax, D.F., Qian, H., and Early, R. 2012. Latitudinal shifts of introduced species: possible causes and implications. Biol. Invasions 14(3):547-556.

Gurjar, R.L., and Gawande, P.J. 2011. A note on the vulture population in Panna Tiger Reserve, Central India. Podoces 6(1):83-86.

Habel, J.C., Engler, J.O., Rödder, D., and Schmitt, T. 2012. Landscape genetics of a recent population extirpation in a burnet moth species. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):247-255.

Haddaway, N.R., Mortimer, R.J.G., Christmas, M., Grahame, J.W., and Dunn, A.M. 2012. Morphological diversity and phenotypic plasticity in the threatened British white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes). Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):220-231.

Haddaway, N.R., Wilcox, R.H., Heptonstall, R.E.A., Griffiths, H.M., Mortimer, R.J.G., Christmas, M., and Dunn, A.M. 2012. Predatory functional response and prey choice identify predation differences between native/invasive and parasitised/unparasitised crayfish. PLoS ONE 7(2):e32229.

Hall, S.L., McCulley, R.L., and Barney, R.J. 2012. Restoration of native warm season grassland species in a tall fescue pasture using prescribed fire and herbicides. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):194-201.

Halstead, B.J., Wylie, G.D., Coates, P.S., Valcarcel, P., and Casazza, M.L. 2012. Bayesian shared frailty models for regional inference about wildlife survival. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):117-124.

Halstead, B.J., Wylie, G.D., Coates, P.S., Valcarcel, P., and Casazza, M.L. 2012. Exciting statistics': the rapid development and promising future of hierarchical models for population ecology. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):133-135.

Hardus, M.E., Lameira, A.R., Menken, S.B.J., and Wich, S.A. 2012. Effects of logging on orangutan behavior. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):177-187.

Hartter, J., Stampone, M.D., Ryan, S.J., Kirner, K., Chapman, C.A., and Goldman, A. 2012. Patterns and perceptions of climate change in a biodiversity conservation hotspot. PLoS ONE 7(2):e32408.

Hassall, C., Hollinshead, J., and Hull, A. 2012. Temporal dynamics of aquatic communities and implications for pond conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):829-852.

Heard, G.W., Scroggie, M.P., and Malone, B.S. 2012. The life history and decline of the threatened Australian frog, Litoria raniformis. Austral Ecol. 37(2):276-284.

Heisey, D.M. 2012. Bayesian shared frailty models for regional inference about wildlife survival. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):127-128.

Hemptinne, J.L., Magro, A., Evans, E.W., and Dixon, A.F.G. 2012. Body size and the rate of spread of invasive ladybird beetles in North America. Biol. Invasions 14(3):595-605.

Hermoso, V., Clavero, M., and Kennard, M.J. 2012. Determinants of fine-scale homogenization and differentiation of native freshwater fish faunas in a Mediterranean Basin: implications for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 18(3):236-247.

Hernandez, R.R., and Knudsen, K. 2012. Late-successional biological soil crusts in a biodiversity hotspot: an example of congruency in species richness. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):1015-1031.

Hilborn, R., Stewart, I.J., Branch, T.A., and Jensen, O.P. 2012. Defining trade-offs among conservation, profitability, and food security in the California current bottom-trawl fishery. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):257-268.

Hilje, B., and Aide, T.M. 2012. Recovery of amphibian species richness and composition in a chronosequence of secondary forests, northeastern Costa Rica. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):170-176.

Hill, N.A.O., Rowcliffe, J.M., Koldewey, H.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2012. The interaction between seaweed farming as an alternative occupation and fisher numbers in the central Philippines. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):324-334.

Höffle, H., Wernberg, T., Thomsen, M.S., and Holmer, M. 2012. Drift algae, an invasive snail and elevated temperature reduce ecological performance of a warm-temperate seagrass, through additive effects. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 450:67-80.

Hoffman, T.S., and O'Riain, M.J. 2012. Landscape requirements of a primate population in a human-dominated environment. Front. Zool. 9:1.

Holusa, J., Kocarek, P., Marhoul, P., and Skokanova, H. 2012. Platycleis vittata (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) in the northwestern part of its range is close to extinction: is this the result of landscape changes? J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):295-303.

Huang, S., Davies, T.J., and Gittleman, J.L. 2012. How global extinctions impact regional biodiversity in mammals. Biol. Lett. 8(2):222-225.

Hufbauer, R.A., Facon, B., Ravigne, V., Turgeon, J., Foucaud, J., Lee, C.E., Rey, O., and Estoup, A. 2012. Anthropogenically induced adaptation to invade (AIAI): contemporary adaptation to human-altered habitats within the native range can promote invasions. Evol. Appl. 5(1):89-101.

Hulvey, K.B., and Zavaleta, E.S. 2012. Abundance declines of a native forb have nonlinear impacts on grassland invasion resistance. Ecology 93(2):378-388.

Hurley, P.M., Webster, C.R., Flaspohler, D.J., and Parker, G.R. 2012. Untangling the landscape of deer overabundance: reserve size versus landscape context in the agricultural Midwest. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):62-71.

Huxley-Jones, E., Shaw, J.L.A., Fletcher, C., Parnell, J., and Watts, P.C. 2012. Use of DNA barcoding to reveal species composition of convenience seafood. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):367-371.

Javed, S., Douglas, D.C., Khan, S., Shah, J.N., and Al Hammadi, A.A. 2012. First description of autumn migration of Sooty Falcon Falco concolor from the United Arab Emirates to Madagascar using satellite telemetry. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):106-119.

Jiao, J.Y., Zhang, Z.G., Bai, W.J., Jia, Y.F., and Wang, N. 2012. Assessing the ecological success of restoration by afforestation on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):240-249.

Johnson, R.C., Weber, P.K., Wikert, J.D., Workman, M.L., MacFarlane, R.B., Grove, M.J., and Schmitt, A.K. 2012. Managed metapopulations: do salmon hatchery 'sources' lead to in-river 'sinks' in conservation? PLoS ONE 7(2):e28880.

Johnston, P.R., Johansen, R.B., Williams, A.F.R., Paula Wikie, J., and Park, D. 2012. Patterns of fungal diversity in New Zealand Nothofagus forests. Fungal Biol. 116(3):401-412.

Jones, P.H., Biggins, D.E., Eads, D.A., Eads, S.L., and Britten, H.B. 2012. Deltamethrin flea-control preserves genetic variability of black-tailed prairie dogs during a plague outbreak. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):183-195.

Jongkind, C.C.H. 2012. Description of Dactyladenia globosa (Chrysobalanaceae), a new tree species from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire. Plant Ecol. Evol. 145(1):126-128.

Jonsell, M. 2012. Old park trees as habitat for saproxylic beetle species. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):619-642.

Kadlec, T., Tropek, R., and Konvicka, M. 2012. Timed surveys and transect walks as comparable methods for monitoring butterflies in small plots. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):275-280.

Kahraman, A., Bagherpour, S., Karabacak, E., Doğan, M., Doğan, H.M., Uysal, İ., and Celep, F. 2012. Reassessment of conservation status of the genus Salvia (Lamiaceae) in Turkey II. Turk. J. Bot. 36(2):103-124.

Kala, C.P., and Ratajc, P. 2012. High altitude biodiversity of the Alps and the Himalayas: ethnobotany, plant distribution and conservation perspective. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):1115-1126.

Kallimanis, A.S., Mazaris, A.D., Tsakanikas, D., Dimopoulos, P., Pantis, J.D., and Sgardelis, S.P. 2012. Efficient biodiversity monitoring: which taxonomic level to study? Ecol. Indic. 15(1):100-104.

Karatayev, A.Y., Miller, T.D., and Burlakova, L.E. 2012. Long-term changes in unionid assemblages in the Rio Grande, one of the World's top 10 rivers at risk. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):206-219.

Karsiotis, S.I., Pierce, L.R., Brown, J.E., and Stepien, C.A. 2012. Salinity tolerance of the invasive round goby: experimental implications for seawater ballast exchange and spread to North American estuaries. J. Great Lakes Res. 38(1):121-128.

Kawahara, A.Y., and Rubinoff, D. 2012. Three new species of Fancy Case caterpillars from threatened forests of Hawaii (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae, Hyposmocoma). ZooKeys 170:1-20.

Keppel, G., Van Niel, K.P., Wardell-Johnson, G.W., Yates, C.J., Byrne, M., Mucina, L., Schut, A.G.T., Hopper, S.D., and Franklin, S.E. 2012. Refugia: identifying and understanding safe havens for biodiversity under climate change. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 21(4):393-404.

Kettle, C.J., Ennos, R.A., Jaffré, T., McCoy, S., Le Borgne, T., Gardner, M., and Hollingsworth, P.M. 2012. Importance of demography and dispersal for the resilience and restoration of a critically endangered tropical conifer Araucaria nemorosa. Divers. Distrib. 18(3):248-259.

Khanna, S., Santos, M.J., Hestir, E.L., and Ustin, S.L. 2012. Plant community dynamics relative to the changing distribution of a highly invasive species, Eichhornia crassipes: a remote sensing perspective. Biol. Invasions 14(3):717-733.

King, T., Chamberlan, C., and Courage, A. 2012. Assessing initial reintroduction success in long-lived primates by quantifying survival, reproduction, and dispersal parameters: western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Congo and Gabon. Int. J. Primatol. 33(1):134-149.

Kipp, R., Hébert, I., Lacharité, M., and Ricciardi, A. 2012. Impacts of predation by the Eurasian round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) on molluscs in the upper St. Lawrence River. J. Great Lakes Res. 38(1):78-89.

Klose, K., and Cooper, S.D. 2012. Contrasting effects of an invasive crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) on two temperate stream communities. Freshwater Biol. 57(3):526-540.

Klütsch, C.F.C., Dyer, R.J., and Misof, B. 2012. Combining multiple analytical approaches for the identification of population structure and genetic delineation of two subspecies of the endemic Arabian burnet moth Reissita simonyi (Zygaenidae; Lepidoptera). Conserv. Genet. 13(1):21-37.

Knorn, J., Kuemmerle, T., Radeloff, V.C., Szabo, A., Mindrescu, M., Keeton, W.S., Abrudan, I., Griffiths, P., Gancz, V., and Hostert, P. 2012. Forest restitution and protected area effectiveness in post-socialist Romania. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):204-212.

Kocovsky, P.M., Chapman, D.C., and McKenna, J.E. 2012. Thermal and hydrologic suitability of Lake Erie and its major tributaries for spawning of Asian carps. J. Great Lakes Res. 38(1):159-166.

Kodandaramaiah, U., Konvicka, M., Tammaru, T., Wahlberg, N., and Gotthard, K. 2012. Phylogeography of the threatened butterfly, the woodland brown Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): implications for conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):305-313.

Kovacs, E.K., Crowther, M.S., Webb, J.K., and Dickman, C.R. 2012. Population and behavioural responses of native prey to alien predation. Oecologia 168(4):947-957.

Kozlowski, G., Gibbs, D., Huan, F., Frey, D., and Gratzfeld, J. 2012. Conservation of threatened relict trees through living ex situ collections: lessons from the global survey of the genus Zelkova (Ulmaceae). Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):671-685.

Kraus, F., Medeiros, A., Preston, D., Jarnevich, C.S., and Rodda, G.H. 2012. Diet and conservation implications of an invasive chameleon, Chamaeleo jacksonii (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae) in Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 14(3):579-593.

Kretser, H.E., Johnson, M.F., Hickey, L.M., Zahler, P., and Bennett, E.L. 2012. Wildlife trade products available to U.S. military personnel serving abroad. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):967-980.

Kruse, I., Hare, M.P., and Hines, A.H. 2012. Genetic relationships of the marine invasive crab parasite Loxothylacus panopaei: an analysis of DNA sequence variation, host specificity, and distributional range. Biol. Invasions 14(3):701-715.

Lachenaud, O., and Séné, O. 2012. A new species of Multidentia (Rubiaceae) from central Africa. Plant Ecol. Evol. 145(1):132-137.

Lapointe, N.W.R., and Light, T. 2012. Landscape-scale determinants of non-native fish communities. Divers. Distrib. 18(3):282-293.

Larocque, S.M., Cooke, S.J., and Blouin-Demers, G. 2012. A breath of fresh air: avoiding anoxia and mortality of freshwater turtles in fyke nets by the use of floats. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):198-205.

Larsen, F.W., Bladt, J., Balmford, A., and Rahbek, C. 2012. Birds as biodiversity surrogates: will supplementing birds with other taxa improve effectiveness? J. Appl. Ecol. 49(2):349-356.

Ledford, J., Paquin, P., Cokendolpher, J., Campbell, J., and Griswold, C. 2012. Systematics, conservation and morphology of the spider genus Tayshaneta (Araneae, Leptonetidae) in Central Texas Caves. ZooKeys 167:1-102.

Lenda, M., Skórka, P., Knops, J.M.H., Moroń, D., Tworek, S., and Woyciechowski, M. 2012. Plant establishment and invasions: an increase in a seed disperser combined with land abandonment causes an invasion of the non-native walnut in Europe. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1733):1491-1497.

Lengyel, S., Varga, K., Kosztyi, B., Lontay, L., Déri, E., Török, P., and Tóthmérész, B. 2012. Grassland restoration to conserve landscape-level biodiversity: a synthesis of early results from a large-scale project. Appl. Veg. Sci. 15(2):264-276.

Lhota, S., Loken, B., Spehar, S., Fell, E., Pospěch, A., and Kasyanto, N. 2012. Discovery of Miller's Grizzled Langur (Presbytis hosei canicrus) in Wehea Forest confirms the continued existence and extends known geographical range of an endangered primate. Am. J. Primatol. 74(3):193-198.

Liira, J., Lõhmus, K., and Tuisk, E. 2012. Old manor parks as potential habitats for forest flora in agricultural landscapes of Estonia. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):144-154.

Lindell, C.A., Cole, R.J., Holl, K.D., and Zahawi, R.A. 2012. Migratory bird species in young tropical forest restoration sites: effects of vegetation height, planting design, and season. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):94-105.

Linklater, W.L., Gedir, J.V., Law, P.R., Swaisgood, R.R., Adcock, K., du Preez, P., Knight, M.H., and Kerley, G.I.H. 2012. Translocations as experiments in the ecological resilience of an asocial mega-herbivore. PLoS ONE 7(1):e30664.

Liu, H.P., and Hershler, R. 2012. Phylogeography of an endangered Western North American springsnail. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):299-305.

Liu, Y.H., Axmacher, J.C., Wang, C.L., Li, L.T., and Yu, Z.R. 2012. Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages of restored semi-natural habitats and intensively cultivated fields in northern China. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):234-239.

Lönnberg, L., and Jonsell, M. 2012. Sand pits as habitats for beetles (Coleoptera): does area affect species number and composition? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(3):853-874.

Lowman, M.D., and Schowalter, T.D. 2012. Plant science in forest canopies - the first 30 years of advances and challenges (1980-2010). New Phytol. 194(1):12-27.

Lu, X.M., and Ding, J.Q. 2012. History of exposure to herbivores increases the compensatory ability of an invasive plant. Biol. Invasions 14(3):649-658.

Maccherini, S., and Santi, E. 2012. Long-term experimental restoration in a calcareous grassland: identifying the most effective restoration strategies. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):123-135.

Mach, M.E., Levings, C.D., McDonald, P.S., and Chan, K.M.A. 2012. An Atlantic infaunal engineer is established in the Northeast Pacific: Clymenella torquata (Polychaeta: Maldanidae) on the British Columbia and Washington Coasts. Biol. Invasions 14(3):503-507.

Machemer, E.G.P., Walter, J.F., Serafy, J.E., and Kerstetter, D.W. 2012. Importance of mangrove shorelines for rainbow parrotfish Scarus guacamaia: habitat suitability modeling in a subtropical bay. Aquat. Biol. 15(1):87-98.

Madeiros, J., Carlile, N., and Priddel, D. 2012. Breeding biology and population increase of the Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):35-45.

Magrach, A., Larrinaga, A.R., and Santamaria, L. 2012. Effects of matrix characteristics and interpatch distance on functional connectivity in fragmented temperate rainforests. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):238-247.

Maltchik, L., Dalzochio, M.S., Stenert, C., and Rolon, A.S. 2012. Diversity and distribution of aquatic insects in Southern Brazil wetlands: implications for biodiversity conservation in a Neotropical region. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(1):273-289.

Mandelik, Y., Dayan, T., Chikatunov, V., and Kravchenko, V. 2012. The relative performance of taxonomic vs. environmental indicators for local biodiversity assessment: a comparative study. Ecol. Indic. 15(1):171-180.

Mantyka-Pringle, C.S., Martin, T.G., and Rhodes, J.R. 2012. Interactions between climate and habitat loss effects on biodiversity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Global Change Biol. 18(4):1239-1252.

Mapelli, F.J., Mora, M.S., Mirol, P.M., and Kittlein, M.J. 2012. Population structure and landscape genetics in the endangered subterranean rodent Ctenomys porteousi. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):165-181.

Marshall, V.M., Lewis, M.M., and Ostendorf, B. 2012. Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) as an invader and threat to biodiversity in arid environments: a review. J. Arid Environ. 78:1-12.

Martinez, J.A., Smith, C.M., and Richmond, R.H. 2012. Invasive algal mats degrade coral reef physical habitat quality. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 99:42-49.

Martínez-Sanz, C., Cenzano, C.S.S., Fernández-Aláez, M., and García-Criado, F. 2012. Relative contribution of small mountain ponds to regional richness of littoral macroinvertebrates and the implications for conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 22(2):155-164.

Mastretta-Yanes, A., Wegier, A., Vázquez-Lobo, A., and Piñero, D. 2012. Distinctiveness, rarity and conservation in a subtropical highland conifer. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):211-222.

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Tixier, M.S., Kreiter, S., Douin, M., and Moraes, G.J. 2012. Rates of description of Phytoseiidae mite species (Acari: Mesostigmata): space, time and body size variations. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):993-1013.

Trammell, T.L.E., Ralston, H.A., Scroggins, S.A., and Carreiro, M.M. 2012. Foliar production and decomposition rates in urban forests invaded by the exotic invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii. Biol. Invasions 14(3):529-545.

Trindade, J., Sobral, F.L., Cianciaruso, M.V., and Loyola, R.D. 2012. Using indicator groups to represent bird phylogenetic and functional diversity. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):155-162.

Urbanski, J., Mogi, M., O'Donnell, D., DeCotiis, M., Toma, T., and Armbruster, P. 2012. Rapid adaptive evolution of photoperiodic response during invasion and range expansion across a climatic gradient. Am. Nat. 179(4):490-500.

Ureña-Aranda, C.A., and de los Monteros, A.E. 2012. The genetic crisis of the Mexican Bolson Tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus: Testudinidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 33(1):45-53.

Ureta, C., Martínez-Meyer, E., Perales, H.R., and Álvarez-Buylla, E.R. 2012. Projecting the effects of climate change on the distribution of maize races and their wild relatives in Mexico. Global Change Biol. 18(3):1073-1082.

Valqui, J. 2012. The marine otter Lontra felina (Molina, 1782): a review of its present status and implications for future conservation. Mamm. Biol. 77(2):75-83.

Van Dyck, H. 2012. Changing organisms in rapidly changing anthropogenic landscapes: the significance of the 'Umwelt'-concept and functional habitat for animal conservation. Evol. Appl. 5(2):144-153.

van Vuuren, B.J., Woolaver, L., and Goodman, S.M. 2012. Genetic population structure in the boky-boky (Carnivora: Eupleridae), a conservation flagship species in the dry deciduous forests of central western Madagascar. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):164-173.

Van Wilgen, N.J., and Richardson, D.M. 2012. The roles of climate, phylogenetic relatedness, introduction effort, and reproductive traits in the establishment of non-native reptiles and amphibians. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):267-277.

Vargas-Ramírez, M., Stuckas, H., Castaño-Mora, O.V., and Fritz, U. 2012. Extremely low genetic diversity and weak population differentiation in the endangered Colombian river turtle Podocnemis lewyana (Testudines: Podocnemididae). Conserv. Genet. 13(1):65-77.

Veale, A.J., Clout, M.N., and Gleeson, D.M. 2012. Genetic population assignment reveals a long-distance incursion to an island by a stoat (Mustela erminea). Biol. Invasions 14(3):735-742.

Velo-Antón, G., Rodríguez, D., Savage, A.E., Parra-Olea, G., Lips, K.R., and Zamudio, K.R. 2012. Amphibian-killing fungus loses genetic diversity as it spreads across the New World. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):213-218.

Verdasca, M.J., Leitão, A.S., Santana, J., Porto, M., Dias, S., and Beja, P. 2012. Forest fuel management as a conservation tool for early successional species under agricultural abandonment: the case of Mediterranean butterflies. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):14-23.

Viers, J.H., Fremier, A.K., Hutchinson, R.A., Quinn, J.F., Thorne, J.H., and Vaghti, M.G. 2012. Multiscale patterns of riparian plant diversity and implications for restoration. Restor. Ecol. 20(2):160-169.

Vilaça, S.T., Redondo, R.A.F., Lins, L.V., and Santos, F.R. 2012. Remaining genetic diversity in Brazilian Merganser (Mergus octosetaceus). Conserv. Genet. 13(1):293-298.

Voorbergen, A., De Boer, W.F., and Underhill, L.G. 2012. Natural and human-induced predation on Cape Cormorants at Dyer Island. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(1):82-93.

Vranckx, G., Jacquemyn, H., Muys, B., and Honnay, O. 2012. Meta-analysis of susceptibility of woody plants to loss of genetic diversity through habitat fragmentation. Conserv. Biol. 26(2):228-237.

Vynne, C., Baker, M.R., Breuer, Z.K., and Wasser, S.K. 2012. Factors influencing degradation of DNA and hormones in maned wolf scat. Anim. Conserv. 15(2):184-194.

Walters, G., Parmentier, I., and Stévart, T. 2012. Diversity and conservation value of Gabon's savanna and inselberg open vegetation: an initial gap analysis. Plant Ecol. Evol. 145(1):46-54.

Ware, C., Bergstrom, D.M., Müller, E., and Alsos, I.G. 2012. Humans introduce viable seeds to the Arctic on footwear. Biol. Invasions 14(3):567-577.

Webber, B.L., and Scott, J.K. 2012. Rapid global change: implications for defining natives and aliens. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 21(3):305-311.

Wich, S.A., Fredriksson, G.M., Usher, G., Peters, H.H., Priatna, D., Basalamah, F., Susanto, W., and Kuhl, H. 2012. Hunting of Sumatran orang-utans and its importance in determining distribution and density. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):163-169.

Wold, E.N., Jancaitis, J.E., Taylor, T.H., and Steeck, D.M. 2011. Restoration of agricultural fields to diverse wet prairie plant communities in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Northwest Sci. 85(2):269-287.

Woodcock, B.A., Bullock, J.M., Mortimer, S.R., and Pywell, R.F. 2012. Limiting factors in the restoration of UK grassland beetle assemblages. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):136-143.

Xavier, J.H.D., Cordeiro, C.A.M.M., Tenório, G.D., Dinizi, A.D., Paulo, E.P.N., Rosa, R.S., and Rosa, I.L. 2012. Fish assemblage of the Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area, NE Brazil: abundance, composition and microhabitat availability along the mangrove-reef gradient. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(1):109-122.

Young, J.C., Butler, J.R.A., Jordan, A., and Watt, A.D. 2012. Less government intervention in biodiversity management: risks and opportunities. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(4):1095-1100.

Zaghloul, M.S., Hamrick, J.L., and Moustafa, A.A. 2012. Conservation genetics of Sinai's remnant populations of Moringa peregrina, an economically valuable medicinal plant. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):9-19.

Zamora-Manzur, C., Parra, L.E., and Jaque, E. 2011. Distributional patterns of Geometridae of the Biobío Region, Chile: an approach for their conservation. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 84(4):465-480.

Zeqir, V., Behxhet, M., Avni, H., and Zenel, K. 2012. Biodiversity conservation status in the Republic of Kosovo with focus on biodiversity centres. J. Environ. Biol. 33(2):307-310.

Zhao, Y.J., and Gong, X. 2012. Genetic structure of the endangered Leucomeris decora (Asteraceae) in China inferred from chloroplast and nuclear DNA markers. Conserv. Genet. 13(1):271-281.

Zhou, S.J., Milton, D.A., and Fry, G.C. 2012. Integrated risk analysis for rare marine species impacted by fishing: sustainability assessment and population trend modelling. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 69(2):271-280.

Zhou, Y., Cao, Y.D., Chen, H.Q., Long, Y., Yan, F.M., Xu, C.R., and Wang, R.J. 2012. Habitat utilization of the Glanville fritillary butterfly in the Tianshan Mountains, China, and its implication for conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 16(2):207-214.

Ziółkowska, E., Ostapowicz, K., Kuemmerle, T., Perzanowski, K., Radeloff, V.C., and Kozak, J. 2012. Potential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathians. Biol. Conserv. 146(1):188-196.

Zych, M., and Stpiczyńska, M. 2012. Neither protogynous nor obligatory out-crossed: pollination biology and breeding system of the European Red List Fritillaria meleagris L. (Liliaceae). Plant Biol. 14(2):285-294.


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