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Department ofBotany



No. 337
January 2013


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In This Issue


Smithsonian Launches Global Marine Biodiversity Project


The Smithsonian is launching a major long-term project to study coastal marine biodiversity and ecosystems around the globe. The project is made possible by a $10 million donation from Suzanne and Michael Tennenbaum, senior managing partner of Los Angeles-based Tennenbaum Capital Partners and philanthropist. The goal of the project—Smithsonian's Tennenbaum Marine Observatories—is to monitor the ocean's coastal ecosystems over a long period of time.

The Tennenbaum Marine Observatories will be the first worldwide network of coastal ecological field sites, standardizing measurements of biological change. By studying sites with Smithsonian experts in biology, ecology and anthropology, and using technologies like DNA sequencing, the project will provide an unprecedented understanding of how marine biodiversity is affected by local human activities and global change, such as ocean warming, acidification and rising sea levels.

"As our coasts undergo accelerating change due to human activity and the effects of climate change, it is more important than ever to monitor and understand the ocean's biodiversity," said Smithsonian Secretary Wayne Clough. "We are grateful to Michael and Suzanne for this donation, which allows the Smithsonian to focus its unique expertise and strength in long-term research."

The project will have five field sites: the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center in Edgewater, Md., on the Chesapeake Bay, the Institution's marine station at Fort Pierce, Fla., Carrie Bow Cay in Belize and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's two locations in Panama—Bocas Del Toro on the Caribbean and Naos station on the Pacific. As the project grows, the Smithsonian will establish additional research sites with collaborators around the globe to monitor coastal ocean health, with the goal of at least 10 new sites within the next decade.

As part of the project, scientists will create plots at each site where the diversity and abundance of marine organisms will be recorded on a regular basis. These measurements will be complemented by other standardized observations and experiments. By studying each site using the same methods over a long period of time, scientists will be able to build a comparative database. The data will allow scientists—for the first time—to comprehensively study environmental change around the world's coasts.

By documenting changes in marine biodiversity and coastal ecosystems, the Tennenbaum Marine Observatories project will position the Smithsonian to provide the long-term data and understanding that are critical to address current and future challenges to sustaining a healthy ocean.

The Tennenbaum Marine Observatories initiative is based on a similar above-water project—the Smithsonian Institution Global Earth Observatories (known as SIGEO)—that includes 47 land plots around the globe where scientists have been monitoring and comparing dynamics of forested habitats for 35 years. Due to its success, the Smithsonian is using it as the model to look at the marine realm now.

"For years I have watched how standardized observations made around the globe have transformed our understanding of how tropical forests work," said Nancy Knowlton, the Sant Chair for Marine Science at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History. "We will now be able to do the same thing for the ocean, with this MarineGEO, taking advantage of the latest technologies that allow us to keep track of everything from microbes to whales."


Current Literature


Abramova, L.M. 2012. Expansion of invasive alien plant species in the republic of Bashkortostan, the Southern Urals: analysis of causes and ecological consequences. Russian J. Ecol. 43(5):352-357.

Adams-Hosking, C., McAlpine, C., Rhodes, J.R., Grantham, H.S., and Moss, P.T. 2012. Modelling changes in the distribution of the critical food resources of a specialist folivore in response to climate change. Divers. Distrib. 18(9):847-860.

Adenle, A.A. 2012. Failure to achieve 2010 biodiversity's target in developing countries: How can conservation help? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2435-2442.

Ahmad, S., Islam, M., and Mirza, S.N. 2012. Rangeland degradation and management approaches in Balochistan, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Bot. 44:127-136.

Al-Eisawi, D. 2012. Conservation of natural ecosystems in Jordan. Pakistan J. Bot. 44:95-99.

Al-Eisawi, D.M. 2012. Innovative solutions to reduce threats affecting biodiversity conservation. Pakistan J. Bot. 44:157-163.

Alexandrino, E.R., da Luz, D.T.A., Maggiorini, E.V., and Ferraz, K.M.P.M.D. 2012. Nest stolen: the first observation of nest predation by an invasive exotic marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an agricultural mosaic. Biota Neotrop. 12(2):211-215.

Ali, H., Qamer, F.M., Ahmed, M.S., Khan, U., Habib, A.H., Chaudhry, A.A., Ashraf, S., and Khan, B.N. 2012. Ecological ranking of districts of Pakistan: a geospatial approach. Pakistan J. Bot. 44:263-268.

Altay, V., and Ozturk, M. 2012. Land degradation and halophytic plant diversity of Milleyha wetland ecosystem (Samandağ-Hatay), Turkey . Pakistan J. Bot. 44:37-50.

Ammondt, S.A., and Litton, C.M. 2012. Competition between native Hawaiian plants and the invasive grass Megathyrsus maximus: implications of functional diversity for ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 20(5):638-646.

Andersen, A.N., Woinarski, J.C.Z., and Parr, C.L. 2012. Savanna burning for biodiversity: fire management for faunal conservation in Australian tropical savannas. Austral Ecol. 37(6):658-667.

Ando, A.W., and Mallory, M.L. 2012. Reply to Dunkel and Weber: Probability distributions and shortfall risk measures in conservation portfolio analysis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(35):E2305.

Andrew, S.M., Moe, S.R., Totland, Ø., and Munishi, P.K.T. 2012. Species composition and functional structure of herbaceous vegetation in a tropical wetland system. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(11):2865-2885.

Aoyama, Y., Kawakami, K., and Chiba, S. 2012. Seabirds as adhesive seed dispersers of alien and native plants in the oceanic Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(11):2787-2801.

Arce-Nazario, J.A., and Carlo, T.A. 2012. Iguana iguana invasion in Puerto Rico: facing the evidence. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1981-1984.

Armitage, H.F., Britton, A.J., van der Wal, R., and Woodin, S.J. 2012. Grazing exclusion and phosphorus addition as potential local management options for the restoration of alpine moss-sedge heath. Biol. Conserv. 153:17-24.

Ashraf, M., Hussain, M., Ahmad, M.S.A., Al-Qurainy, F., and Hameed, M. 2012. Strategies for conservation of endangered ecosystems. Pakistan J. Bot. 44:1-6.

Assunção-Albuquerque, M.J.T., Benayas, J.M.R., Rodríguez, M.Á., and Albuquerque, F.S. 2012. Geographic patterns of vertebrate diversity and identification of relevant areas for conservation in Europe. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(1):1-11.

Athrey, G., Barr, K.R., Lance, R.F., and Leberg, P.L. 2012. Birds in space and time: genetic changes accompanying anthropogenic habitat fragmentation in the endangered black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla). Evol. Appl. 5(6):540-552.

Auger-Rozenberg, M.A., and Roques, A. 2012. Seed wasp invasions promoted by unregulated seed trade affect vegetal and animal biodiversity. Integr. Zool. 7(3):228-246.

Awan, M.N., Ali, H., and Lee, D.C. 2012. An annotated checklist of birds and conservation issues in Salkhala Game Reserve, an isolated Important Bird Area in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Forktail 28:38-43.

Aynekulu, E., Aerts, R., Moonen, P., Denich, M., Gebrehiwot, K., Vågen, T.G., Mekuria, W., and Boehmer, H.J. 2012. Altitudinal variation and conservation priorities of vegetation along the Great Rift Valley escarpment, northern Ethiopia. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2691-2707.

Azpiroz, A.B., Isacch, J.P., Dias, R.A., Di Giacomo, A.S., Fontana, C.S., and Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. J. Field Ornithol. 83(3):217-246.

Bacchetta, G., Farris, E., and Pontecorvo, C. 2012. A new method to set conservation priorities in biodiversity hotspots. Plant Biosyst. 146(3):638-648.

Bacela-Spychalska, K., Wattier, R.A., Genton, C., and Rigaud, T. 2012. Microsporidian disease of the invasive amphipod Dikerogammarus villosus and the potential for its transfer to local invertebrate fauna. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1831-1842.

Bai, C.M., Ke, Z.W., Consuegra, S., Liu, X., and Li, Y.M. 2012. The role of founder effects on the genetic structure of the invasive bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianaus) in China. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1785-1796.

Bajer, P.G., Chizinski, C.J., Silbernagel, J.J., and Sorensen, P.W. 2012. Variation in native micro-predator abundance explains recruitment of a mobile invasive fish, the common carp, in a naturally unstable environment. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1919-1929.

Barrio-Amorós, C.L., and Santos, J.C. 2012. A phylogeny for Aromobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae) with description of three new species from the Andes of Venezuela, taxonomic comments on Aromobates saltuensis, A. inflexus, and notes on the conservation status of the genus. Zootaxa 3422:1-31.

Bateman, B.L., VanDerWal, J., Williams, S.E., and Johnson, C.N. 2012. Biotic interactions influence the projected distribution of a specialist mammal under climate change. Divers. Distrib. 18(9):861-872.

Batista, T., Cavaco, J., Mendes, P., Vila-Viçosa, C., Penas, Á., del Río, S., Cabezas, J., Fernández-Pozo, L., Arancibia, N., and Pinto-Gomes, C. 2012. Conservation status of vegetation in the North and Central area of Pardiela river basin (Évora, Portugal). Acta Bot. Gallica 159(2):177-185.

Baumberger, T., Mesléard, F., Croze, T., and Affre, L. 2012. Effects of experimental submersion on survival, growth, and dry biomass allocation of the rare salt marsh plant Limonium girardianum. Aquat. Bot. 102:65-70.

Beans, C.M., Kilkenny, F.F., and Galloway, L.F. 2012. Climate suitability and human influences combined explain the range expansion of an invasive horticultural plant. Biol. Invasions 14(10):2067-2078.

Benayas, J.M.R., and Bullock, J.M. 2012. Restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services on agricultural land. Ecosystems 15(6):883-899.

Benjamin, J.R., and Baxter, C.V. 2012. Is a trout a trout? A range-wide comparison shows nonnative brook trout exhibit greater density, biomass, and production than native inland cutthroat trout. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1865-1879.

Berkstrom, C., Gullstrom, M., Lindborg, R., Mwandya, A.W., Yahya, S.A.S., Kautsky, N., and Nystrom, M. 2012. Exploring 'knowns' and 'unknowns' in tropical seascape connectivity with insights from East African coral reefs. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 107:1-21.

Berman, M., and Andersen, A.N. 2012. New Caledonia has a depauperate subterranean ant fauna, despite spectacular radiations above ground. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2489-2497.

Bhagwat, S.A., Nogué, S., and Willis, K.J. 2012. Resilience of an ancient tropical forest landscape to 7500 years of environmental change. Biol. Conserv. 153:108-117.

Bird, J.P., Mulligan, B., Vann, R., Round, P.D., and Gilroy, J.J. 2012. Habitat associations of the Manchurian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus tangorum wintering on the Tonle Sap floodplain and an evaluation of its conservation status. Forktail 28:71-76.

Bochio, G.M., and dos Anjos, L. 2012. The importance of considering bird detectability for assessing biological integrity. Nat. Conservacao 10(1):72-76.

Bohn, K., Richardson, C., and Jenkins, S. 2012. The invasive gastropod Crepidula fornicata: reproduction and recruitment in the intertidal at its northernmost range in Wales, UK, and implications for its secondary spread. Mar. Biol. 159(9):2091-2103.

Braunisch, V., Home, R., Pellet, J., and Arlettaz, R. 2012. Conservation science relevant to action: a research agenda identified and prioritized by practitioners. Biol. Conserv. 153:201-210.

Briski, E., Ghabooli, S., Bailey, S.A., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2012. Invasion risk posed by macroinvertebrates transported in ships' ballast tanks. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1843-1850.

Bueno, B.A.D., Nunes, M.R., and Melo, C. 2012. Bills favor mining and threaten conservation of Brazilian Merganser (Mergus octosetaceus) at Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Nat. Conservacao 10(1):64-71.

Cabrera-Guzmán, E., Crossland, M.R., and Shine, R. 2012. Predation on the eggs and larvae of invasive cane toads (Rhinella marina) by native aquatic invertebrates in tropical Australia. Biol. Conserv. 153:1-9.

Cano, A.L., Gómez, P.S., and Martínez, J.F.J. 2012. A new species of Coronilla (Loteae, Fabaceae) from southeastern Spain: evidence from morphological and molecular data. Folia Geobot. 47(3):317-335.

Cano, E., and Veloz, A. 2012. Contribution to the knowledge of the plant communities of the Caribbean-Cibensean Sector in the Dominican Republic. Acta Bot. Gallica 159(2):201-210.

Carrión-Tacuri, J., Berjano, R., Guerrero, G., Figueroa, E., Tye, A., and Castillo, J.M. 2012. Predation on seeds of invasive Lantana camara by Darwin's Finches in the Galapagos Islands. Wilson J. Ornithol. 124(2):338-344.

Catorci, A., Gatti, R., and Cesaretti, S. 2012. Effect of sheep and horse grazing on species and functional composition of sub-Mediterranean grasslands. Appl. Veg. Sci. 15(4):459-469.

Chang, Z.F., Luo, M.F., Liu, Z.J., Yang, J.Y., Xiang, Z.F., Li, M., and Vigilant, L. 2012. Human influence on the population decline and loss of genetic diversity in a small and isolated population of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Genetica 140(4-6):105-114.

Chen, Q., Wang, C.H., Lu, G.Q., Zhao, J.L., Chapman, D.C., Zsigmond, J., and Li, S.F. 2012. Microsatellite genetic diversity and differentiation of native and introduced grass carp populations in three continents. Genetica 140(4-6):115-123.

Chettri, N., Sharma, E., and Zomer, R. 2012. Changing paradigm and post 2010 targets: challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Trop. Ecol. 53(3):245-259.

Chong, K.Y., Lee, S.M.L., Gwee, A.T., Leong, P.K.F., Ahmad, S., Ang, W.F., Lok, A., Yeo, C.K., Corlett, R.T., and Tan, H.T.W. 2012. Herbarium records do not predict rediscovery of presumed nationally extinct species. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2589-2599.

Chowdhury, S.U., Lees, A.C., and Thompson, P.M. 2012. Status and distribution of the endangered Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri in Bangladesh. Forktail 28:57-61.

Ciccarelli, D., Bacaro, G., and Chiarucci, A. 2012. Coastline dune vegetation dynamics: evidence of no stability. Folia Geobot. 47(3):263-275.

Clarkson, R.W., Marsh, P.C., and Dowling, T.E. 2012. Population prioritization for conservation of imperilled warmwater fishes in an arid-region drainage. Aquat. Conserv. 22(4):498-510.

Cocks, M.L., Dold, T., and Vetter, S. 2012. 'God is my forest' - Xhosa cultural values provide untapped opportunities for conservation. S. Afr. J. Sci. 108(5-6):52-59.

Collins, L., Bradstock, R.A., Tasker, E.M., and Whelan, R.J. 2012. Can gullies preserve complex forest structure in frequently burnt landscapes? Biol. Conserv. 153:177-186.

Collis, K., Roby, D.D., Larson, K.W., Adrean, L.J., Nelson, S.K., Evans, A.F., Hostetter, N., Battaglia, D., Lyons, D.E., Marcella, T., and Patterson, A. 2012. Trends in Caspian Tern nesting and diet in San Francisco Bay: conservation implications for terns and salmonids. Waterbirds 35(1):25-34.

Conroy, M.J., Stodola, K.W., and Cooper, R.J. 2012. Effective use of data from monitoring programs and field studies for conservation decision making: predictions, designs and models working together. J. Ornithol. 152:S325-S338.

Correa, C., Bravo, A.P., and Hendry, A.P. 2012. Reciprocal trophic niche shifts in native and invasive fish: salmonids and galaxiids in Patagonian lakes. Freshwater Biol. 57(9):1769-1781.

Costa, H., Aranda, S.C., Lourenço, P., Medeiros, V., de Azevedo, E.B., and Silva, L. 2012. Predicting successful replacement of forest invaders by native species using species distribution models: The case of Pittosporum undulatum and Morella faya in the Azores. Forest Ecol. Manag. 279:90-96.

Costa, W.J.E.M. 2012. Delimiting priorities while biodiversity is lost: Rio's seasonal killifishes on the edge of survival. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2443-2452.

Coster, S.S., and Kovach, A.I. 2012. Anthropogenic influences on the spatial genetic structure of black bears. Conserv. Genet. 13(5):1247-1257.

Côté, I.M., and Reynolds, J.D. 2012. Meta-analysis at the intersection of evolutionary ecology and conservation. Evol. Ecol. 26(5):1237-1252.

Couceiro, L., López, L., Ruiz, J.M., and Barreiro, R. 2012. Population structure and range expansion: the case of the invasive gastropod Cyclope neritea in northwest Iberian Peninsula. Integr. Zool. 7(3):286-298.

Coudrat, C.N.Z., Duckworth, J.W., and Timmins, R.J. 2012. Distribution and conservation status of the red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus) in Lao PDR: an update. Am. J. Primatol. 74(10):874-889.

Cousins, S.R., and Witkowski, E.T.F. 2012. African aloe ecology: a review. J. Arid Environ. 85:1-17.

Cox, J.A., Scopel, L.C., and Klostermann, M.R. 2012. Brown-headed Nuthatch occupancy in central Florida and its relationship to forest type, forest structure, and the presence of Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers. Condor 114(3):622-628.

Crossland, M.R., Haramura, T., Salim, A.A., Capon, R.J., and Shine, R. 2012. Exploiting intraspecific competitive mechanisms to control invasive cane toads (Rhinella marina). Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1742):3436-3442.

Cumming, G.S., Southworth, J., Rondon, X.J., and Marsik, M. 2012. Spatial complexity in fragmenting Amazonian rainforests: do feedbacks from edge effects push forests towards an ecological threshold? Ecol. Complex. 11:67-74.

Currie, J.C., Sink, K.J., Le Noury, P., and Branch, G.M. 2012. Comparing fish communities in sanctuaries, partly protected areas and open-access reefs in South-East Africa. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 34(2):269-281.

Cushman, S.A., Landguth, E.L., and Flather, C.H. 2012. Evaluating the sufficiency of protected lands for maintaining wildlife population connectivity in the U.S. northern Rocky Mountains. Divers. Distrib. 18(9):873-884.

Cutajar, J., Shimeta, J., and Nugegoda, D. 2012. Impacts of the invasive grass Spartina anglica on benthic macrofaunal assemblages in a temperate Australian saltmarsh. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 464:107-120.

Damschen, E.I., Harrison, S., Ackerly, D.D., Fernandez-Going, B.M., and Anacker, B.L. 2012. Endemic plant communities on special soils: early victims or hardy survivors of climate change? J. Ecology 100(5):1122-1130.

Daur, I. 2012. Plant flora in the rangeland of Western Saudi Arabia . Pakistan J. Bot. 44:23-26.

de Albuquerque, U.P., Araújo, E.D., El-Deir, A.C.A., de Lima, A.L.A., Souto, A., Bezerra, B.M., Ferraz, E.M.N., Freire, E.M.X., Sampaio, E.V.D.B., Las-Casas, F.M.G., de Moura, G.J.B., Pereira, G.A., de Melo, J.G., Ramos, M.A., Rodal, M.J.N., Schiel, N., de Lyra-Neves, R.M., Alves, R.R.N., de Azevedo, S.M., Telino, W.R., and Severi, W. 2012. Caatinga revisited: ecology and conservation of an important seasonal dry forest. Sci. World J. 2012:205182.

de Araújo, W.S., and do Espírito-Santo, K. 2012. Edge effect benefits galling insects in the Brazilian Amazon. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(11):2991-2997.

de la Peña, E., Van De Velde, H., Lens, L., and Bonte, D. 2012. Soil conditions in natural, declining and restored heathlands influence plant-pollinator interactions of Calluna vulgaris. Restor. Ecol. 20(5):603-611.

de Lange, P.J., Galloway, D.J., Blanchon, D.J., Knight, A., Rolfe, J.R., Crowcroft, G.M., and Hitchmough, R. 2012. Conservation status of New Zealand lichens. New Zeal. J. Bot. 50(3):303-363.

de Oliveira, G., Araújo, M.B., Rangel, T.F., Alagador, D., and Diniz, J.A.F. 2012. Conserving the Brazilian semiarid (Caatinga) biome under climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(11):2913-2926.

Delaney, J.T., and Baack, E.J. 2012. Intraspecific chromosome number variation and prairie restoration - a case study in northeast Iowa, U.S.A. Restor. Ecol. 20(5):576-583.

Denoël, M. 2012. Newt decline in Western Europe: highlights from relative distribution changes within guilds. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(11):2887-2898.

Di Minin, E., and Moilanen, A. 2012. Empirical evidence for reduced protection levels across biodiversity features from target-based conservation planning. Biol. Conserv. 153:187-191.

Dodet, M., and Collet, C. 2012. When should exotic forest plantation tree species be considered as an invasive threat and how should we treat them? Biol. Invasions 14(9):1765-1778.

Donley, E.E., Naiman, R.J., and Marineau, M.D. 2012. Strategic planning for instream flow restoration: a case study of potential climate change impacts in the central Columbia River basin. Global Change Biol. 18(10):3071-3086.

Doukakis, P., Pikitch, E.K., Rothschild, A., DeSalle, R., Amato, G., and Kolokotronis, S.O. 2012. Testing the effectiveness of an international conservation agreement: marketplace forensics and CITES caviar trade regulation. PLoS ONE 7(7):e40907.

Downing, J.L., and Liu, H. 2012. Friend or foe? Impacts of the introduced tropical oil bee Centris nitida on a threatened and specialized native mutualism in Southern Florida. Biol. Invasions 14(10):2175-2185.

Dunkel, J., and Weber, S. 2012. Improving risk assessment for biodiversity conservation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(35):E2304.

Eduardo, A.A., Nunes, A.V., and Brito, D. 2012. Do the protected areas network of the state of Minas Gerais maintain viable populations of the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris)? Nat. Conservacao 10(1):27-33.

Ermgassen, P., Spalding, M.D., Blake, B., Coen, L.D., Dumbauld, B., Geiger, S., Grabowski, J.H., Grizzle, R., Luckenbach, M., McGraw, K., Rodney, W., Ruesink, J.L., Powers, S.P., and Brumbaugh, R. 2012. Historical ecology with real numbers: past and present extent and biomass of an imperilled estuarine habitat. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1742):3393-3400.

Essl, F., and Dirnböck, T. 2012. What determines Orthoptera species distribution and richness in temperate semi-natural dry grassland remnants? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2525-2537.

Fang, M.F., Li, J., Zhou, T.H., Yang, J., and Zhao, G.F. 2012. Genetic diversity in natural populations of the medicinal herb Polygala tenuifolia Willd. and its implications for conservation. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 44:400-406.

Farrell, S.L., Morrison, M.L., Campomizzi, A., and Wilkins, R.N. 2012. Conspecific cues and breeding habitat selection in an endangered woodland warbler. J. Anim. Ecol. 81(5):1056-1064.

Fazan, L., Stoffel, M., Frey, D.J., Pirintsos, S., and Kozlowski, G. 2012. Small does not mean young: age estimation of severely browsed trees in anthropogenic Mediterranean landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 153:97-100.

Fenner, A.L., Pavey, C.R., and Bull, C.M. 2012. Behavioural observations and use of burrow systems by an endangered Australian arid-zone lizard, Slater's skink (Liopholis slateri). Aust. J. Zool. 60(2):127-132.

Fernández, J.D., and Gómez, J.M. 2012. Advantages and drawbacks of living in protected areas: the case of the threatened Erysimum popovii (Brassicaceae) in SE Iberian Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2539-2554.

Fernández, N., Selva, N., Yuste, C., Okarma, H., and Jakubiec, Z. 2012. Brown bears at the edge: modeling habitat constrains at the periphery of the Carpathian population. Biol. Conserv. 153:134-142.

Ferreira, R.B., Callahan, C.M., Poessel, S.A., and Beard, K.H. 2012. Global assessment of establishment success for amphibian and reptile invaders. Wildlife Res. 39(7):637-640.

Ficetola, G.F., Siesa, M.E., De Bernardi, F., and Padoa-Schioppa, E. 2012. Complex impact of an invasive crayfish on freshwater food webs. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2641-2651.

Fiedler, A.K., Landis, D.A., and Arduser, M. 2012. Rapid shift in pollinator communities following invasive species removal. Restor. Ecol. 20(5):593-602.

Fiedler, K., and Truxa, C. 2012. Species richness measures fail in resolving diversity patterns of speciose forest moth assemblages. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(10):2499-2508.

Figuerola, B., Maceda-Veiga, A., and De Sostoa, A. 2012. Assessing the effects of sewage effluents in a Mediterranean creek: fish population features and biotic indices. Hydrobiologia 694(1):75-86.

Fordham, D.A., Watts, M.J., Delean, S., Brook, B.W., Heard, L.M.B., and Bull, C.M. 2012. Managed relocation as an adaptation strategy for mitigating climate change threats to the persistence of an endangered lizard. Global Change Biol. 18(9):2743-2755.

Fowler, N.L., Center, A., and Ramsey, E.A. 2012. Streptanthus bracteatus (Brassicaceae), a rare annual woodland forb, thrives in less cover: evidence of a vanished habitat? Plant Ecol. 213(9):1511-1523.

Frankham, R., Ballou, J.D., Dudash, M.R., Eldridge, M.D.B., Fenster, C.B., Lacy, R.C., Mendelson, J.R., Porton, I.J., Ralls, K., and Ryder, O.A. 2012. Implications of different species concepts for conserving biodiversity. Biol. Conserv. 153:25-31.

Frantz, A.C., Massei, G., and Burke, T. 2012. Genetic evidence for past hybridisation between domestic pigs and English wild boars. Conserv. Genet. 13(5):1355-1364.

Fuentes-Montemayor, E., Goulson, D., Cavin, L., Wallace, J.M., and Park, K.J. 2012. Factors influencing moth assemblages in woodland fragments on farmland: implications for woodland management and creation schemes. Biol. Conserv. 153:265-275.

Furness, R.W., Wade, H.M., Robbins, A.M.C., and Masden, E.A. 2012. Assessing the sensitivity of seabird populations to adverse effects from tidal stream turbines and wave energy devices. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 69(8):1466-1479.

Gabler, C.A., and Siemann, E. 2012. Environmental variability and ontogenetic niche shifts in exotic plants may govern reinvasion pressure in restorations of invaded ecosystems. Restor. Ecol. 20(5):545-550.

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Gallão, J.E., and Bichuette, M.E. 2012. The list of endangered fauna and impediments to inclusion of species - the example of Brazilian troglobitic fish. Nat. Conservacao 10(1):83-87.

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Saltzgiver, M.J., Heist, E.J., and Hedrick, P.W. 2012. Genetic evaluation of the initiation of a captive population: the general approach and a case study in the endangered pallid sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus). Conserv. Genet. 13(5):1381-1391.

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Sánchez, M.I., Rode, N.O., Flaven, E., Redón, S., Amat, F., Vasileva, G.P., and Lenormand, T. 2012. Differential susceptibility to parasites of invasive and native species of Artemia living in sympatry: consequences for the invasion of A. franciscana in the Mediterranean region. Biol. Invasions 14(9):1819-1829.

Sant'Anna, B.S., Watanabe, T.T., Turra, A., and Zara, F.J. 2012. Relative abundance and population biology of the non-indigenous crab Charybdis hellerii (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) in a southwestern Atlantic estuary-bay complex. Aquat. Invasions 7(3):347-356.

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