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Department ofBotany



No. 340
April 2013


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In This Issue


Poachers at Large in Thailand's Nature Reserves Despite Ranger Outposts


Adapted from Smithsonianscience.org

Khao Yai National Park in central Thailand covers some 1,357 square miles and, as Thailand's oldest and most popular park, welcomes hundreds of thousands of visitors through its gates each year.

Recently, after examining hundreds of photos taken by camera traps set-up to monitor clouded leopards in the park, three Smithsonian researchers say Khao Yai also is quite popular with a different kind of visitor: poachers.

Next to the Eurasian wild pig, humans were the most common creature to show-up in the camera-trap photos, namely villagers, park staff, tourists and poachers, write Kate Jenks, JoGayle Howard and Peter Leimgruber of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in a recent issue of the journal Biotropica. Humans appeared in photos from 43 of the 217 different sites in the park where the camera traps were set, even though 78 percent of the park is zoned as a strict nature reserve/primitive area.

Poachers. (Photo courtesy of Kate Jenks)

Poachers. (Photo courtesy of Kate Jenks)

Attached to trees in the forest, the camera traps use an infrared beam that can detect motion or a change in temperature to trip the camera's shutter. The researchers considered humans in the snapshots to be "poachers" only if they were carrying a gun, a carcass or animal parts, a bag to carry forest products and animals; or if they were accompanied by a dog, Jenks explains.

Surprisingly, close analysis of the project's some 650 photos revealed the presence of poachers very close to Khao Yai's 21 ranger stations. Few carnivores, such as clouded leopards, were photographed near the stations.

A clouded leopard in a camera trap photo. (Photo courtesy of Kate Jenks)

Image above: A clouded leopard in a camera trap photo. (Photo courtesy of Kate Jenks)

"We expected to find higher carnivore biodiversity near the ranger outposts because those areas should be really well protected," Leimgruber says. They are not.

In fact, Jenks says, "the ranger stations seem to be having the opposite of their intended effect. Building and staffing the outposts required the construction of roads into the park, which has provided easier access for everyone into the forest."

In Southeast Asia poaching is fueled by demand from the traditional Chinese medicine trade, trade in wild bush meat for human consumption and forest products the researchers say. In addition, Jenks says, there are villages right up on the boundary of the park with no transition and no buffer zone. It is very easy for villagers to wander into the park.

Jenks, Howard and Leimgruber recommend increased foot patrols by park staff through the forest and continued monitoring of the impact of these foot patrols using the camera traps. Unless the human presence in and impact on the park is reduced, wildlife populations "will only shrink progressively into smaller and smaller core areas of the park" the researchers write.


Climate Change May Alter Amphibian Evolution


Adapted from Smithsonianscience.org

Most of the more than 6,000 species of frogs in the world lay their eggs in water. But many tropical frogs lay their eggs out of water. This behavior protects the eggs from aquatic predators, such as fish and tadpoles, but also increases their risk of drying out. Justin Touchon, post-doctoral fellow at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, discovered that climate change in Panama may be altering frogs' course of evolution.

By analyzing long-term rainfall data collected by the Panama Canal Authority, Touchon discovered that rainfall patterns are changing just as climate-change models predict.

Pantless tree frogs, Dendropsophus ebraccatus, in amplexus. The female, underneath the male, is laying eggs in a jelly-like matrix. This species can lay its eggs either in water or out of water. (Photo by Justin Touchon)

Image above: Pantless tree frogs, Dendropsophus ebraccatus, in amplexus. The female, underneath the male, is laying eggs in a jelly-like matrix. This species can lay its eggs either in water or out of water. (Photo by Justin Touchon)

"Over the past four decades, rainfall has become more sporadic during the wet season," said Touchon. "The number of rainy days decreased, and the number of gaps between storms increased."

The eggs of the pantless treefrog, Dendropsophus ebraccatus, are extremely susceptible to drying. The embryos die within a day when there is no rain. Heavy rains trigger breeding, so as storms become sporadic, the chance of rain within a day of being laid decrease and so does egg survival.

As weather patterns have changed, the advantage of laying eggs out of water has decreased, not only for pantless treefrogs but potentially for many species. "Pantless treefrogs can switch between laying eggs in water or on leaves, so they may weather the changes we are seeing in rainfall better than other species that have lost the ability to lay eggs in water," said Touchon. "Being flexible in where they put their eggs gives them more options and allows them to make decisions in a given habitat that will increase the survival of their offspring."


Current Literature


Adachi, T., Ishikawa, A., Mori, S., Makino, W., Kume, M., Kawata, M., and Kitano, J. 2012. Shifts in morphology and diet of non-native sticklebacks introduced into Japanese crater lakes. Ecol. Evol. 2(6):1083-1098.

Aguilar, A. 2012. Range-wide and local drivers of genetic structure in an endangered California vernal pool endemic crustacean. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1577-1588.

Alarcón, M.L., Vargas, P., and Aldasoro, J.J. 2013. Erodium maritimum (Geraniaceae), a species with an uneven and fragmented distribution along the Western Mediterranean and European Atlantic coasts, has a weak genetic structure. Plant Biol. 15(1):186-194.

Alba, C., and Hufbauer, R. 2012. Exploring the potential for climatic factors, herbivory, and co-occurring vegetation to shape performance in native and introduced populations of Verbascum thapsus. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2505-2518.

Albins, M.A. 2013. Effects of invasive Pacific red lionfish Pterois volitans versus a native predator on Bahamian coral-reef fish communities. Biol. Invasions 15(1):29-43.

Allende, J.R.G., and Meier, W. 2012. Taxonomical novelties in neotropical Campanulaceae I: two new species of Centropogon C. Presl from Venezuela. Candollea 67(2):233-241.

Allendorf, T.D., and Allendorf, K. 2012. What every conservation biologist should know about human population. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):953-955.

Ambrosini, R., Rubolini, D., Trovò, P., Liberini, G., Bandini, M., Romano, A., Sicurella, B., Scandolara, C., Romano, M., and Saino, N. 2012. Maintenance of livestock farming may buffer population decline of the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(4):411-428.

Anderegg, W.R.L., Anderegg, L.D.L., Sherman, C., and Karp, D.S. 2012. Effects of widespread drought-induced aspen mortality on understory plants. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1082-1090.

Ascensão, F., Clevenger, A.P., Grilo, C., Filipe, J., and Santos-Reis, M. 2012. Highway verges as habitat providers for small mammals in agrosilvopastoral environments. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3681-3697.

Atiénzar, F., Antón-Pardo, M., Armengol, X., and Barba, E. 2012. Distribution of the white-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala is affected by environmental factors in a Mediterranean wetland. Zool. Stud. 51(6):783-792.

Attard, C.R.M., Beheregaray, L.B., Jenner, K.C.S., Gill, P.C., Jenner, M.N., Morrice, M.G., Robertson, K.M., and Möller, L.M. 2012. Hybridization of Southern Hemisphere blue whale subspecies and a sympatric area off Antarctica: impacts of whaling or climate change? Mol. Ecol. 21(23):5715-5727.

Aubriot, X., Lowry, P.P., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A., and Haevermans, T. 2013. DNA barcoding in a biodiversity hot spot: potential value for the identification of Malagasy Euphorbia L. listed in CITES Appendices I and II. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 13(1):57-65.

Awoyemi, S.M., Gosler, A.G., Ho, I., Schaefer, J., and Chong, K.Y. 2012. Mobilizing religion and conservation in Asia. Science 338(6114):1537-1538.

Ayllon, D., Almodovar, A., Nicola, G.G., Parra, I., and Elvira, B. 2012. Modelling carrying capacity dynamics for the conservation and management of territorial salmonids. Fish. Res. 134:95-103.

Baiser, B., Olden, J.D., Record, S., Lockwood, J.L., and McKinney, M.L. 2012. Pattern and process of biotic homogenization in the New Pangaea. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1748):4772-4777.

Barbosa, F.G., Schneck, F., and Melo, A.S. 2012. Use of ecological niche models to predict the distribution of invasive species: a scientometric analysis. Braz. J. Biol. 72(4):821-829.

Barjau-González, E., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Galván-Magaña, F., and López-Martínez, J. 2012. Changes in the taxonomic diversity of the reef fish community of San José, Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3543-3554.

Barreto, L., Van Eupen, M., Kok, K., Jongman, R.H.G., Ribeiro, M.C., Veldkamp, A., Hass, A., and Oliveira, T.G. 2012. The impact of soybean expansion on mammal and bird, in the Balsas region, north Brasilian Cerrado. J. Nature Conserv. 20(6):374-383.

Bastian, O. 2013. The role of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem services in Natura 2000 sites. Ecol. Indic. 24:12-22.

Beggs, P.J. 2012. Horizontal cliffs: mountaintop mining and climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3731-3734.

Benesperi, R., Giuliani, C., Zanetti, S., Gennai, M., Lippi, M.M., Guidi, T., Nascimbene, J., and Foggi, B. 2012. Forest plant diversity is threatened by Robinia pseudoacacia (black-locust) invasion. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3555-3568.

Bergamin, R.S., Müller, S., and Mello, R.S.P. 2012. Indicator species and floristic patterns in different forest formations in southern Atlantic rainforests of Brazil. Community Ecol. 13(2):162-170.

Biggs, D., Ban, N.C., and Hall, C.M. 2012. Lifestyle values, resilience, and nature-based tourism's contribution to conservation on Australia's Great Barrier Reef. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):370-379.

Bilgin, R. 2012. The conservation genetics of three cave-dwelling bat species in southeastern Europe and Anatolia. Turk. J. Zool. 36(3):275-282.

Bilkovic, D.M., Havens, K.J., Stanhope, D.M., and Angstadt, K.T. 2012. Use of fully biodegradable panels to reduce derelict pot threats to marine fauna. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):957-966.

Bishop, M.J., and Kelaher, B.P. 2013. Replacement of native seagrass with invasive algal detritus: impacts to estuarine sediment communities. Biol. Invasions 15(1):45-59.

Bland, L.M., Collen, B., Orme, C.D.L., and Bielby, J. 2012. Data uncertainty and the selectivity of extinction risk in freshwater invertebrates. Divers. Distrib. 18(12):1211-1220.

Boissin, E., Hurley, B., Wingfield, M.J., Vasaitis, R., Stenlid, J., Davis, C., De Groot, P., Ahumada, R., Carnegie, A., Goldarazena, A., Klasmer, P., Wermelinger, B., and Slippers, B. 2012. Retracing the routes of introduction of invasive species: the case of the Sirex noctilio woodwasp. Mol. Ecol. 21(23):5728-5744.

Bojková, J., Komprdová, K., Soldán, T., and Zahrádková, S. 2012. Species loss of stoneflies (Plecoptera) in the Czech Republic during the 20th century. Freshwater Biol. 57(12):2550-2567.

Bors, E.K., Rowden, A.A., Maas, E.W., Clark, M.R., and Shank, T.M. 2012. Patterns of deep-sea genetic connectivity in the New Zealand region: implications for management of benthic ecosystems. PLoS ONE 7(11):e49474.

Botero-Delgadillo, E., Páez, C.A., and Bayly, N. 2012. Biogeography and conservation of Andean and Trans-Andean populations of Pyrrhura parakeets in Colombia: modelling geographic distributions to identify independent conservation units. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(4):445-461.

Boykin, L.M., Armstrong, K., Kubatko, L., and De Barro, P. 2012. DNA barcoding invasive insects: database roadblocks. Invertebr. Syst. 26(5-6):506-514.

Braga, R.R., Braga, M.R., and Vitule, J.R.S. 2013. Population structure and reproduction of Mimagoniates microlepis with a new hypothesis of ontogenetic migration: implications for stream fish conservation in the Neotropics. Environ. Biol. Fish. 96(1):21-31.

Brook, L.A., Johnson, C.N., and Ritchie, E.G. 2012. Effects of predator control on behaviour of an apex predator and indirect consequences for mesopredator suppression. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1278-1286.

Burfeind, D.D., Pitt, K.A., Connolly, R.M., and Byers, J.E. 2013. Performance of non-native species within marine reserves. Biol. Invasions 15(1):17-28.

Burkhart, E.P., Jacobson, M.G., and Finley, J. 2012. A case study of stakeholder perspective and experience with wild American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) conservation efforts in Pennsylvania, USA: limitations to a CITES driven, top-down regulatory approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3657-3679.

Burkle, L.A., Mihaljevic, J.R., and Smith, K.G. 2012. Effects of an invasive plant transcend ecosystem boundaries through a dragonfly-mediated trophic pathway. Oecologia 170(4):1045-1052.

Byers, J.E., Gribben, P.E., Yeager, C., and Sotka, E.E. 2012. Impacts of an abundant introduced ecosystem engineer within mudflats of the southeastern US coast. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2587-2600.

Bykova, O., and Sage, R.F. 2012. Winter cold tolerance and the geographic range separation of Bromus tectorum and Bromus rubens, two severe invasive species in North America. Global Change Biol. 18(12):3654-3663.

Cabello, J., Fernández, N., Alcaraz-Segura, D., Oyonarte, C., Piñeiro, G., Altesor, A., Delibes, M., and Paruelo, J.M. 2012. The ecosystem functioning dimension in conservation: insights from remote sensing. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3287-3305.

Calizza, E., Costantini, M.L., Rossi, D., Carlino, P., and Rossi, L. 2012. Effects of disturbance on an urban river food web. Freshwater Biol. 57(12):2613-2628.

Carpenter, D., Hammond, P.M., Sherlock, E., Lidgett, A., Leigh, K., and Eggleton, P. 2012. Biodiversity of soil macrofauna in the New Forest: a benchmark study across a national park landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3385-3410.

Carvalho, D.C., Oliveira, D.A.A., Beheregaray, L.B., and Torres, R.A. 2012. Hidden genetic diversity and distinct evolutionarily significant units in an commercially important Neotropical apex predator, the catfish Pseudoplatystoma corruscans. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1671-1675.

Cassano, C.R., Barlow, J., and Pardini, R. 2012. Large mammals in an agroforestry mosaic in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biotropica 44(6):818-825.

Catorci, A., Tardella, F.M., Cesaretti, S., Bertellotti, M., and Santolini, R. 2012. The interplay among grazing history, plant-plant spatial interactions and species traits affects vegetation recovery processes in Patagonian steppe. Community Ecol. 13(2):253-263.

Cauwelier, E., Gilbey, J., Jones, C.S., Noble, L.R., and Verspoor, E. 2012. Asymmetrical viability in backcrosses between highly divergent populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1665-1669.

Cebrian, E., Linares, C., Marschal, C., and Garrabou, J. 2012. Exploring the effects of invasive algae on the persistence of gorgonian populations. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2647-2656.

Chadès, I., Curtis, J.M.R., and Martin, T.G. 2012. Setting realistic recovery targets for two interacting endangered species, sea otter and northern abalone. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1016-1025.

Chai, S.L., Healey, J.R., and Tanner, E.V.J. 2012. Evaluation of forest recovery over time and space using permanent plots monitored over 30 years in a Jamaican montane rain forest. PLoS ONE 7(11):e48859.

Chakona, A., and Swartz, E.R. 2012. Contrasting habitat associations of imperilled endemic stream fishes from a global biodiversity hot spot. BMC Ecology 12:19.

Chandran, M.S.S., Sujatha, S., Mohan, M., Julka, J.M., and Ramasamy, E.V. 2012. Earthworm diversity at Nilgiri biosphere reserve, Western Ghats, India. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3343-3353.

Chattopadhyay, B., Garg, K.M., Kumar, A.K.V., Doss, D.P.S., Ramakrishnan, U., and Kandula, S. 2012. Sibling species in South Indian populations of the rufous horse-shoe bat Rhinolophus rouxii. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1435-1445.

Chaudhry, M.J.I., Ogada, D.L., Malik, R.N., Virani, M.Z., and Giovanni, M.D. 2012. First evidence that populations of the critically endangered Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus in Pakistan have increased following the ban of the toxic veterinary drug diclofenac in south Asia. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(4):389-397.

Chucholl, C. 2013. Invaders for sale: trade and determinants of introduction of ornamental freshwater crayfish. Biol. Invasions 15(1):125-141.

Clewley, G.D., Eschen, R., Shaw, R.H., and Wright, D.J. 2012. The effectiveness of classical biological control of invasive plants. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1287-1295.

Coffey, H.M.P., and Fahrig, L. 2012. Relative effects of vehicle pollution, moisture and colonization sources on urban lichens. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1467-1474.

Colla, S.R., Gadallah, F., Richardson, L., Wagner, D., and Gall, L. 2012. Assessing declines of North American bumble bees (Bombus spp.) using museum specimens. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3585-3595.

Coulson, S.J., Fjellberg, A., Gwiazdowicz, D.J., Lebedeva, N.V., Melekhina, E.N., Solhøy, T., Erséus, C., Maraldo, K., Miko, L., Schatz, H., Schmelz, R.M., Søli, G., and Stur, E. 2013. Introduction of invertebrates into the High Arctic via imported soils: the case of Barentsburg in the Svalbard. Biol. Invasions 15(1):1-5.

Couture, J.J., and Lindroth, R.L. 2012. Atmospheric change alters performance of an invasive forest insect. Global Change Biol. 18(12):3543-3557.

Crall, A.W., Renz, M., Panke, B.J., Newman, G.J., Chapin, C., Graham, J., and Bargeron, C. 2012. Developing cost-effective early detection networks for regional invasions. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2461-2469.

Cribb, N., Miller, C., and Seuront, L. 2012. Site fidelity and behaviour of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) in Moon Reef, Fiji Islands: implications for conservation. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 92(8):1793-1798.

Cribb, P., Nusbaumer, L., and Gautier, L. 2012. Angraecum darainense P. J. Cribb & Nusb. and Aeranthes unciformis P. J. Cribb & Nusb. (Orchidaceae), two new species from northern Madagascar. Candollea 67(2):269-275.

Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Kerley, G.I.H., and Kowalczyk, R. 2012. The difficulty of using species distribution modelling for the conservation of refugee species - the example of European bison. Divers. Distrib. 18(12):1253-1257.

Croteau, E.K., Heist, E.J., Nielsen, C.K., Hutchinson, J.R., and Hellgren, E.C. 2012. Microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA reveal regional population structure in bobcats (Lynx rufus) of North America. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1637-1651.

Darling, J.A., Herborg, L.M., and Davidson, I.C. 2012. Intracoastal shipping drives patterns of regional population expansion by an invasive marine invertebrate. Ecol. Evol. 2(10):2552-2561.

Davidson, L.N.K. 2012. Shark sanctuaries: substance or spin? Science 338(6114):1538-1539.

Davis, A.P., Gole, T.W., Baena, S., and Moat, J. 2012. The impact of climate change on indigenous Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica): predicting future trends and identifying priorities. PLoS ONE 7(11):e47981.

Del Vecchio, S., Giovi, E., Izzi, C.F., Abbate, G., and Acosta, A.T.R. 2012. Malcolmia littorea: The isolated Italian population in the European context. J. Nature Conserv. 20(6):357-363.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Farfán, M.Á., Olivero, J., and Vargas, J.M. 2012. Impact of land-use changes on red-legged partridge conservation in the Iberian Peninsula. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):337-346.

Derr, J.N., Hedrick, P.W., Halbert, N.D., Plough, L., Dobson, L.K., King, J., Duncan, C., Hunter, D.L., Cohen, N.D., and Hedgecock, D. 2012. Phenotypic effects of cattle mitochondrial DNA in American bison. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1130-1136.

di Sciara, G.N. 2012. Ancient waves, recent concerns: the budding of marine mammal conservation science in Italy. Aquat. Mammals 38(4):442-455.

Dickson, T.L., Hopwood, J.L., and Wilsey, B.J. 2012. Do priority effects benefit invasive plants more than native plants? An experiment with six grassland species. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2617-2624.

Dimond, W.J., Osborne, W.S., Evans, M.C., Gruber, B., and Sarre, S.D. 2012. Back to the brink: population decline of the endangered Grassland Earless Dragon (Tympanocryptis pinguicolla) following its rediscovery. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(2):132-149.

Dornelas, M., Magurran, A.E., Buckland, S.T., Chao, A., Chazdon, R.L., Colwell, R.K., Curtis, T., Gaston, K.J., Gotelli, N.J., Kosnik, M.A., McGill, B., McCune, J.L., Morlon, H., Mumby, P.J., Øvreås, L., Studeny, A., and Vellend, M. 2013. Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1750):20121931.

Dudaniec, R.Y., and Richardson, J.S. 2012. Habitat associations of the coastal giant salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus) at its northern range limit. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(1):1-15.

Dunn, A.M., Torchin, M.E., Hatcher, M.J., Kotanen, P.M., Blumenthal, D.M., Byers, J.E., Coon, C.A.C., Frankel, V.M., Holt, R.D., Hufbauer, R.A., Kanarek, A.R., Schierenbeck, K.A., Wolfe, L.M., and Perkins, S.E. 2012. Indirect effects of parasites in invasions. Funct. Ecol. 26(6):1262-1274.

Ellner, S.P., and Schreiber, S.J. 2012. Temporally variable dispersal and demography can accelerate the spread of invading species. Theor. Popul. Biol. 82(4):283-298.

Emel, S.L., and Storfer, A. 2012. A decade of amphibian population genetic studies: synthesis and recommendations. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1685-1689.

Engelen, A.H., Primo, A.L., Cruz, T., and Santos, R. 2013. Faunal differences between the invasive brown macroalga Sargassum muticum and competing native macroalgae. Biol. Invasions 15(1):171-183.

Engelkes, T., and Mills, N.J. 2013. A fast-track for invasion: invasive plants promote the performance of an invasive herbivore. Biol. Invasions 15(1):101-111.

Estay, S.A., Navarrete, S.A., and Toro, S.R. 2012. Effects of human mediated disturbances on exotic forest insect diversity in a Chilean mediterranean ecosystem. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(14):3699-3710.

Evans, L.M., Allan, G.J., and Whitham, T.G. 2012. Populus hybrid hosts drive divergence in the herbivorous mite, Aceria parapopuli: implications for conservation of plant hybrid zones as essential habitat. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1601-1609.

Evans, P.G.H., Pierce, G.J., and Wright, A.J. 2012. Marine mammal studies to address future challenges in conservation management. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 92(8):1639-1644.

Eyre, M.D., and Leifert, C. 2012. A pragmatic approach for improving invertebrate biodiversity assessment in the agricultural landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):847-855.

Feeley, K.J., and Rehm, E.M. 2012. Amazon's vulnerability to climate change heightened by deforestation and man-made dispersal barriers. Global Change Biol. 18(12):3606-3614.

Fernández-Cruz, J., and Fernández-López, J. 2012. Morphological, molecular and statistical tools to identify Castanea species and their hybrids. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1589-1600.

Ferraz, K.M.P.M.D., de Siqueira, M.F., Alexandrino, E.R., da Luz, D.T.A., and do Couto, H.T.Z. 2012. Environmental suitability of a highly fragmented and heterogeneous landscape for forest bird species in south-eastern Brazil. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):316-324.

Ferreira, R.B., Beard, K.H., Peterson, S.L., Poessel, S.A., and Callahan, C.M. 2012. Establishment of introduced reptiles increases with the presence and richness of native congeners. Amphibia-Reptilia 33(3-4):387-392.

Fichtner, A., Sturm, K., Rickert, C., Härdtle, W., and Schrautzer, J. 2012. Competition response of European beech Fagus sylvatica L. varies with tree size and abiotic stress: minimizing anthropogenic disturbances in forests. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1306-1315.

Firestone, J.L., and Jasieniuk, M. 2012. Seed production is reduced by small population size in natural populations of the invasive grass Lolium multiflorum. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2519-2529.

Fisher-Reid, M.C., Kozak, K.H., and Wiens, J.J. 2012. How is the rate of climatic-niche evolution related to climatic-niche breadth? Evolution 66(12):3836-3851.

Franzén, M., and Nilsson, S.G. 2012. Climate-dependent dispersal rates in metapopulations of burnet moths. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):941-947.

Freudenberger, L., Hobson, P.R., Schluck, M., and Ibisch, P.L. 2012. A global map of the functionality of terrestrial ecosystems. Ecol. Complex. 12:13-22.

Fritts, A.K., Fritts, M.W., Peterson, D.L., Fox, D.A., and Bring, R.B. 2012. Critical linkage of imperiled species: Gulf Sturgeon as host for Purple Bankclimber mussels. Freshwater Sci. 31(4):1223-1232.

Fukano, Y., and Yahara, T. 2012. Changes in defense of an alien plant Ambrosia artemisiifolia before and after the invasion of a native specialist enemy Ophraella communa. PLoS ONE 7(11):e49114.

Furlan, E., Stoklosa, J., Griffiths, J., Gust, N., Ellis, R., Huggins, R.M., and Weeks, A.R. 2012. Small population size and extremely low levels of genetic diversity in island populations of the platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus. Ecol. Evol. 2(4):844-857.

Furlan, N., Esteves, K.E., and Quináglia, G.A. 2013. Environmental factors associated with fish distribution in an urban neotropical river (Upper Tietê River Basin, São Paulo, Brazil). Environ. Biol. Fish. 96(1):77-92.

Galliez, M., and Fernandez, F.A.S. 2012. Spatial segregation between the water opossum Chironectes minimus and the water rat Nectomys squamipes: just competition avoidance or a conservation problem as well? Mamm. Biol. 77(6):447-450.

Gastauer, M., Trein, L., Meira-Neto, J.A.A., and Schumacher, W. 2013. Evaluation of biotope's importance for biotic resource protection by the Bonner Approach. Ecol. Indic. 24:193-200.

Gâteblé, G., and Munzinger, J. 2012. Rehabilitation of Oxera pancheri Dubard (Lamiaceae), a threatened species from New Caledonia. Adansonia 34(2):377-388.

Gelcich, S., Fernández, M., Godoy, N., Canepa, A., Prado, L., and Castilla, J.C. 2012. Territorial user rights for fisheries as ancillary instruments for marine coastal conservation in Chile. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1005-1015.

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González-Trujillo, R., Rodriguez, D., González-Romero, A., Forstner, M.R.J., Densmore, L.D., and Reynoso, V.H. 2012. Testing for hybridization and assessing genetic diversity in Morelet's crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) populations from central Veracruz. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1677-1683.

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Gray, D.K., and Arnott, S.E. 2012. The role of dispersal levels, Allee effects and community resistance as zooplankton communities respond to environmental change. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1216-1224.

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Griffith, G.P., Fulton, E.A., Gorton, R., and Richardson, A.J. 2012. Predicting interactions among fishing, ocean warming, and ocean acidification in a marine system with whole-ecosystem models. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1145-1152.

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Gunaga, S., Rajeshwari, N., and Vasudeva, R. 2013. Tree diversity and disturbance of kaan forests: relics of a community protected climax vegetation in the Central Western Ghats. Trop. Ecol. 54(1):117-131.

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Hervías, S., Henriques, A., Oliveira, N., Pipa, T., Cowen, H., Ramos, J.A., Nogales, M., Geraldes, P., Silva, C., de Ybáñez, R.R., and Oppel, S. 2013. Studying the effects of multiple invasive mammals on Cory's shearwater nest survival. Biol. Invasions 15(1):143-155.

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Hoban, S.M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Brosi, S.L., and Romero-Severson, J. 2012. A rare case of natural regeneration in butternut, a threatened forest tree, is parent and space limited. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1447-1457.

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Holusa, J. 2012. Grasshoppers and bushcrickets regionally extinct in the Czech Republic: consequence of the disappearance of habitats scattered on the edge of their ranges. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):949-960.

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Hubbard, K.A., and Chalfoun, A.D. 2012. An experimental evaluation of potential scavenger effects on snake road mortality detections. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(2):150-156.

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Hunter, M.E., Mignucci-Giannoni, A.A., Tucker, K.P., King, T.L., Bonde, R.K., Gray, B.A., and McGuire, P.M. 2012. Puerto Rico and Florida manatees represent genetically distinct groups. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1623-1635.

Hylander, K., and Weibull, H. 2012. Do time-lagged extinctions and colonizations change the interpretation of buffer strip effectiveness? - a study of riparian bryophytes in the first decade after logging. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1316-1324.

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Invernón, V.R., Devesa, J.A., and López, E. 2012. Centaurea susannae (Cardueae, Compositae): a new species from protected coastal areas in Portugal. Phytotaxa 74:41-46.

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Jackson, M.M., and Naughton-Treves, L. 2012. Eco-bursaries as incentives for conservation around Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):347-356.

Jacoby, D.M.P., Croft, D.P., and Sims, D.W. 2012. Social behaviour in sharks and rays: analysis, patterns and implications for conservation. Fish Fish. 13(4):399-417.

Jansen, S.H.D.R., Holmgren, M., van Langevelde, F., and Wynhoff, I. 2012. Resource use of specialist butterflies in agricultural landscapes: conservation lessons from the butterfly Phengaris (Maculinea) nausithous. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):921-930.

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Jordaan, L.A., and Downs, C.T. 2012. Nutritional and morphological traits of invasive and exotic fleshy-fruits in South Africa. Biotropica 44(6):738-743.

Jorquera-Jaramillo, C., Vega, J.M.A., Aburto, J., Martínez-Tillería, K., León, M.F., Pérez, M.A., Gaymer, C.F., and Squeo, F.A. 2012. Biodiversity conservation in Chile: new challenges and opportunities in terrestrial and marine coastal ecosystems. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 85(3):267-280.

Juen, L., and De Marco, P. 2012. Dragonfly endemism in the Brazilian Amazon: competing hypotheses for biogeographical patterns. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3507-3521.

Kadye, W.T., and Chakona, A. 2012. Spatial and temporal variation of fish assemblage in two intermittent streams in north-western Zimbabwe. Afr. J. Ecol. 50(4):428-438.

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Kaltenborn, B.P., Andersen, O., Vittersø, J., and Bjerke, T.K. 2012. Attitudes of Norwegian ptarmigan hunters towards hunting goals and harvest regulations: the effects of environmental orientation. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3369-3384.

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Kati, V., Zografou, K., Tzirkalli, E., Chitos, T., and Willemse, L. 2012. Butterfly and grasshopper diversity patterns in humid Mediterranean grasslands: the roles of disturbance and environmental factors. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):807-818.

Kaviar, S., Shockey, J., and Sundberg, P. 2012. Observations on the endemic pygmy three-toed sloth, Bradypus pygmaeus of Isla Escudo de Veraguas, Panama. PLoS ONE 7(11):e49854.

Kaya, S., Gündüz, I., and Çiplak, B. 2012. Estimating effects of global warming from past range changes for cold demanding refugial taxa: a case study on South-west Anatolian species Poecilimon birandi. Biologia 67(6):1152-1164.

Keane, A., Jones, J.P.G., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2012. Modelling the effect of individual strategic behaviour on community-level outcomes of conservation interventions. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):305-315.

Kettenring, K.M., and Mock, K.E. 2012. Genetic diversity, reproductive mode, and dispersal differ between the cryptic invader, Phragmites australis, and its native conspecific. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2489-2504.

Khoury, F., Amr, Z., Hamidan, N., Al Hassani, I., Mir, S., Eid, E., and Bolad, N. 2012. Some introduced vertebrate species to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Vertebr. Zool. 62(3):435-451.

Kieling-Rubio, M.A., Droste, A., and Windisch, P.G. 2012. Effects of nickel on the fern Regnellidium diphyllum Lindm. (Marsileaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 72(4):807-811.

Kikillus, K.H., Hare, K.M., and Hartley, S. 2012. Online trading tools as a method of estimating propagule pressure via the pet-release pathway. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2657-2664.

Kinnaird, M.F., and O'Brien, T.G. 2012. Effects of private-land use, livestock management, and human tolerance on diversity, distribution, and abundance of large African mammals. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1026-1039.

Koji, S., Nakamura, A., and Nakamura, K. 2012. Demography of the Heike firefly Luciola lateralis (Coleoptera: Lampyridae), a representative species of Japan's traditional agricultural landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):819-827.

Kotze, D.J., Lehvävirta, S., Koivula, M., O'Hara, R.B., and Spence, J.R. 2012. Effects of habitat edges and trampling on the distribution of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in urban forests. J. Insect Conserv. 16(6):883-897.

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Kramer, T.D., Warren, R.J., Tang, Y.Y., and Bradford, M.A. 2012. Grass invasions across a regional gradient are associated with declines in belowground carbon pools. Ecosystems 15(8):1271-1282.

Kuemmerle, T., Hickler, T., Olofsson, J., Schurgers, G., and Radeloff, V.C. 2012. Refugee species: which historic baseline should inform conservation planning? Divers. Distrib. 18(12):1258-1261.

La Mantia, T., Messana, G., Billeci, V., Dimarca, A., Del Signore, M.B., Leanza, M., Console, S.L., Maraventano, G., Nicolini, G., Prazzi, E., Quatrini, P., Sanguedolce, F., Sorrentino, G., and Pasta, S. 2012. Combining bioengineering and plant conservation on a Mediterranean islet. iForest 5:296-305.

Ladle, R.J., Firmino, J.V.L., Malhado, A.C.M., and Rodríguez-Durán, A. 2012. Unexplored diversity and conservation potential of Neotropical hot caves. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):978-982.

Lanza, G.R. 2012. Dam threatens Mekong ecology. Science 338(6114):1537.

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Lemaître, J., Darveau, M., Zhao, Q., and Fortin, D. 2012. Multiscale assessment of the influence of habitat structure and composition on bird assemblages in boreal forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3355-3368.

Li, S., McShea, W.J., Wang, D.J., Lu, Z., and Gu, X.D. 2012. Gauging the impact of management expertise on the distribution of large mammals across protected areas. Divers. Distrib. 18(12):1166-1176.

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Lindegren, M., Vigliano, P., and Nilsson, P.A. 2012. Alien invasions and the game of hide and seek in Patagonia. PLoS ONE 7(10):e44350.

Lira, P.K., Ewers, R.M., Banks-Leite, C., Pardini, R., and Metzger, J.P. 2012. Evaluating the legacy of landscape history: extinction debt and species credit in bird and small mammal assemblages in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1325-1333.

Lityńska-Zając, M., Chwedorzewska, K., Olech, M., Korczak-Abshire, M., and Augustyniuk-Kram, A. 2012. Diaspores and phyto-remains accidentally transported to the Antarctic Station during three expeditions. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3411-3421.

Lo Galbo, A.M., Zimmerman, M.S., Hallac, D., Reynolds, G., Richards, J.H., and Lynch, J.H. 2013. Using hydrologic suitability for native Everglades slough vegetation to assess Everglades restoration scenarios. Ecol. Indic. 24:294-304.

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Ma, S.M., and Zhang, M.L. 2012. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the relic Gymnocarpos przewalskii (Caryophyllaceae) restricted to northwestern China. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1531-1541.

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Marcer, A., Pino, J., Pons, X., and Brotons, L. 2012. Modelling invasive alien species distributions from digital biodiversity atlases. Model upscaling as a means of reconciling data at different scales. Divers. Distrib. 18(12):1177-1189.

Markl, J.S., Schleuning, M., Forget, P.M., Jordano, P., Lambert, J.E., Traveset, A., Wright, S.J., and Böhning-Gaese, K. 2012. Meta-analysis of the effects of human disturbance on seed dispersal by animals. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1072-1081.

Martensen, A.C., Ribeiro, M.C., Banks-Leite, C., Prado, P.I., and Metzger, J.P. 2012. Associations of forest cover, fragment area, and connectivity with Neotropical understory bird species richness and abundance. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1100-1111.

Martin, L.M., and Wilsey, B.J. 2012. Assembly history alters alpha and beta diversity, exotic-native proportions and functioning of restored prairie plant communities. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1436-1445.

Marucco, F., Vucetich, L.M., Peterson, R.O., Adams, J.R., and Vucetich, J.A. 2012. Evaluating the efficacy of non-invasive genetic methods and estimating wolf survival during a ten-year period. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1611-1622.

Mastrangelo, M.E., and Gavin, M.C. 2012. Trade-offs between cattle production and bird conservation in an agricultural frontier of the Gran Chaco of Argentina. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1040-1051.

Matocq, M.D., Kelly, P.A., Phillips, S.E., and Maldonado, J.E. 2012. Reconstructing the evolutionary history of an endangered subspecies across the changing landscape of the Great Central Valley of California. Mol. Ecol. 21(24):5918-5933.

Mattingly, W.B., Orrock, J.L., and Reif, N.T. 2012. Dendroecological analysis reveals long-term, positive effects of an introduced understory plant on canopy tree growth. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2639-2646.

Mayer, C., Michez, D., Chyzy, A., Brédat, E., and Jacquemart, A.L. 2012. The abundance and pollen foraging behaviour of bumble bees in relation to population size of whortleberry (Vaccinium uliginosum). PLoS ONE 7(11):e50353.

Mbatudde, M., Mwanjololo, M., Kakudidi, E.K., and Dalitz, H. 2012. Modelling the potential distribution of endangered Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkm. in East Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 50(4):393-403.

McCairns, R.J.S., Kuparinen, A., Panda, B., Jokikokko, E., and Merilä, J. 2012. Effective size and genetic composition of two exploited, migratory whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus lavaretus) populations. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1509-1520.

McClanahan, T.R., Abunge, C.A., and Cinner, J.E. 2012. Heterogeneity in fishers' and managers' preferences towards management restrictions and benefits in Kenya. Environ. Conserv. 39(4):357-369.

McGaugh, S.E. 2012. Comparative population genetics of aquatic turtles in the desert. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1561-1576.

McKinney, L.V., Thomsen, I.M., Kjær, E.D., Bengtsson, S.B.K., and Nielsen, L.R. 2012. Rapid invasion by an aggressive pathogenic fungus (Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus) replaces a native decomposer (Hymenoscyphus albidus): a case of local cryptic extinction? Fungal Ecol. 5(6):663-669.

Meek, M.H., Wintzer, A.P., Shepherd, N., and May, B. 2013. Genetic diversity and reproductive mode in two non-native hydromedusae, Maeotias marginata and Moerisia sp., in the upper San Francisco Estuary, California. Biol. Invasions 15(1):199-212.

Mellano, M.G., Beccaro, G.L., Donno, D., Marinoni, D.T., Boccacci, P., Canterino, S., Cerutti, A.K., and Bounous, G. 2012. Castanea spp. biodiversity conservation: collection and characterization of the genetic diversity of an endangered species. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 59(8):1727-1741.

Mendez, M.M., Schwindt, E., and Bortolus, A. 2013. Patterns of substrata use by the invasive acorn barnacle Balanus glandula in Patagonian salt marshes. Hydrobiologia 700(1):99-107.

Meng, L.Z., Martin, K., Liu, J.X., Burger, F., and Chen, J. 2012. Contrasting responses of hoverflies and wild bees to habitat structure and land use change in a tropical landscape (southern Yunnan, SW China). Insect Science 19(6):666-676.

Mengardo, A.L.T., Figueiredo, C.L., Tambosi, L.R., and Pivello, V.R. 2012. Comparing the establishment of an invasive and an endemic palm species in the Atlantic rainforest. Plant Ecol. Divers. 5(3):345-354.

Merckx, T., Marini, L., Feber, R.E., and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Hedgerow trees and extended-width field margins enhance macro-moth diversity: implications for management. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1396-1404.

Merritt, D.M., and Shafroth, P.B. 2012. Edaphic, salinity, and stand structural trends in chronosequences of native and non-native dominated riparian forests along the Colorado River, USA. Biol. Invasions 14(12):2665-2685.

Messmer, V., Jones, G.P., Munday, P.L., and Planes, S. 2012. Concordance between genetic and species diversity in coral reef fishes across the Pacific Ocean biodiversity gradient. Evolution 66(12):3902-3917.

Mitchell, T., Alton, L.A., White, C.R., and Franklin, C.E. 2012. Relations between conspecific density and effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on tadpole size in the striped marsh frog. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1112-1120.

Moenickes, S., and Thiele, J. 2013. What shapes giant hogweed invasion? Answers from a spatio-temporal model integrating multiscale monitoring data. Biol. Invasions 15(1):61-73.

Molina, F.R., de Paggi, S.J., and Frau, D. 2012. Impacts of the invading golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei on zooplankton: a mesocosm experiment. Zool. Stud. 51(6):733-744.

Monzó, C., Juan-Blasco, M., Pekár, S., Mollá, Ó., Castañera, P., and Urbaneja, A. 2013. Pre-adaptive shift of a native predator (Araneae, Zodariidae) to an abundant invasive ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Biol. Invasions 15(1):89-100.

Morat, P., Jaffré, T., Tronchet, F., Munzinger, J., Pillon, Y., Veillon, J.M., Chalopin, M., Birnbaum, P., Rigault, F., Dagostini, G., and Tinel, J. 2012. The taxonomic reference base Florical and characteristics of the native vascular flora of New Caledonia. Adansonia 34(2):179-221.

Moreira, T.S.G., and Creed, J.C. 2012. Invasive, non-indigenous corals in a tropical rocky shore environment: no evidence for generalist predation. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 438:7-13.

Morris-Pocock, J.A., Hennicke, J.C., and Friesen, V.L. 2012. Effects of long-term isolation on genetic variation and within-island population genetic structure in Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) seabirds. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1469-1481.

Mortelliti, A., Sozio, G., Boccacci, F., Ranchelli, E., Cecere, J.G., Battisti, C., and Boitani, L. 2012. Effect of habitat amount, configuration and quality in fragmented landscapes. Acta Oecol. 45:1-7.

Munscher, E.C., Kuhns, E.H., Cox, C.A., and Butler, J.A. 2012. Decreased nest mortality for the Carolina Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin centrata) following removal of Raccoons (Procyon lotor) from a nesting beach in northeastern Florida. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(2):176-184.

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Wich, S.A., Gaveau, D., Abram, N., Ancrenaz, M., Baccini, A., Brend, S., Curran, L., Delgado, R.A., Erman, A., Fredriksson, G.M., Goossens, B., Husson, S.J., Lackman, I., Marshall, A.J., Naomi, A., Molidena, E., Nardiyono, Nurcahyo, A., Odom, K., Panda, A., Purnomo, Rafiastanto, A., Ratnasari, D., Santana, A.H., Sapari, I., van Schaik, C.P., Sihite, J., Spehar, S., Santoso, E., Suyoko, A., Tiju, A., Usher, G., Atmoko, S.S.U., Willems, E.P., and Meijaard, E. 2012. Understanding the impacts of land-use policies on a threatened species: is there a future for the Bornean orang-utan? PLoS ONE 7(11):e49142.

Wilson, S.K., Graham, N.A.J., Fisher, R., Robinson, J., Nash, K., Chong-Seng, K., Polunin, N.V.C., Aumeeruddy, R., and Quatre, R. 2012. Effect of macroalgal expansion and marine protected areas on coral recovery following a climatic disturbance. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):995-1004.

Wohlhauser, S., and Callmander, M.W. 2012. Exacum alberti-grimaldii Wohlh. & Callm. (Gentianaceae), a new species endemic to northern Madagascar. Candollea 67(2):373-378.

Wood, J.R., Wilmshurst, J.M., Worthy, T.H., Holzapfel, A.S., and Cooper, A. 2012. A lost link between a flightless parrot and a parasitic plant and the potential role of coprolites in conservation paleobiology. Conserv. Biol. 26(6):1091-1099.

Woodard, A.M., Ervin, G.N., and Marsico, T.D. 2012. Host plant defense signaling in response to a coevolved herbivore combats introduced herbivore attack. Ecol. Evol. 2(5):1056-1064.

Wu, W., Zhou, R.C., Ni, G.Y., Shen, H., and Ge, X.J. 2013. Is a new invasive herb emerging? Molecular confirmation and preliminary evaluation of natural hybridization between the invasive Sphagneticola trilobata (Asteraceae) and its native congener S. calendulacea in South China. Biol. Invasions 15(1):75-88.

Xiao, S., Callaway, R.M., Newcombe, G., and Aschehoug, E.T. 2012. Models of experimental competitive intensities predict home and away differences in invasive impact and the effects of an endophytic mutualist. Am. Nat. 180(6):707-718.

Xie, D., Yu, D., You, W.H., and Xia, C.X. 2013. The propagule supply, litter layers and canopy shade in the littoral community influence the establishment and growth of Myriophyllum aquaticum. Biol. Invasions 15(1):113-123.

Yanes, Y. 2012. Anthropogenic effect recorded in the live-dead compositional fidelity of land snail assemblages from San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(13):3445-3466.

Yao, X.H., Deng, J.Y., and Huang, H.W. 2012. Genetic diversity in Eucommia ulmoides (Eucommiaceae), an endangered traditional Chinese medicinal plant. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1499-1507.

Yocom, L.L., and Fulé, P.Z. 2012. Human and climate influences on frequent fire in a high-elevation tropical forest. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(6):1356-1364.

Yu, D., Chen, M., Zhou, Z.C., Eric, R., Tang, Q.Y., and Liu, H.Z. 2013. Global climate change will severely decrease potential distribution of the East Asian coldwater fish Rhynchocypris oxycephalus (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae). Hydrobiologia 700(1):23-32.

Zanella, C.M., Janke, A., Palma-Silva, C., Kaltchuk-Santos, E., Pinheiro, F.G., Paggi, G.M., Soares, L.E.S., Goetze, M., Büttow, M.V., and Bered, F. 2012. Genetics, evolution and conservation of Bromeliaceae. Genet. Mol. Biol. 35(4):1020-1026.

Zeidler, M., Duchoslav, M., Banaš, M., and Lešková, M. 2012. Impacts of introduced dwarf pine (Pinus mugo) on the diversity and composition of alpine vegetation. Community Ecol. 13(2):213-220.

Zigouris, J., Dawson, F.N., Bowman, J., Gillett, R.M., Schaefer, J.A., and Kyle, C.J. 2012. Genetic isolation of wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations at the eastern periphery of their North American distribution. Conserv. Genet. 13(6):1543-1559.


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