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Department ofBotany



No. 353
May 2014


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In This Issue


Smithsonian Indoor and Outdoor Exhibits Showcase Extinct Birds


-Adapted from the Smithsonian Newsdesk

Smithsonian Gardens will present "The Lost Bird Project," an exhibit by artist Todd McGrain, March 27 through March 15, 2015. This project recognizes the tragedy of modern extinction by immortalizing North American birds that have been driven to extinction. Co-sponsored by Smithsonian Libraries, it will feature large-scale bronze sculptures of the Carolina parakeet, the Labrador duck, the great auk, the heath hen and the passenger pigeon.

The newly-installed Great Auk sculpture from the Lost Bird Project as seen in the Enid A. Haupt Garden, behind the Smithsonian Castle. (photo by Gary Krupnick)

The newly-installed Great Auk sculpture from the Lost Bird Project as seen in the Enid A. Haupt Garden, behind the Smithsonian Castle. (photo by Gary Krupnick)

Four of the sculptures will be installed in the Enid A. Haupt Garden, a 4.2-acre public rooftop garden between the Smithsonian Castle and Independence Avenue. The fifth sculpture, the passenger pigeon, will be installed in the Urban Habitat Garden at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.

"Smithsonian Gardens is extremely honored to host The Lost Bird Project sculptures created by Todd McGrain," said Barbara Faust, director of Smithsonian Gardens. "It is our hope that these beautiful works of art raise awareness of modern extinction and engage visitors to interact with our gardens."

The Smithsonian Libraries will also present, "Once There Were Billions: Vanished Birds of North America," on view at the National Museum of Natural History June 24 through October 2015. The exhibit commemorates the 100th anniversary of Martha the passenger pigeon, the last member of a species that once filled America's skies.

In addition, the Smithsonian Libraries will screen "The Lost Bird Project" documentary at the National Museum of Natural History on November 20. It tells the story of the five bird species and follows McGrain's efforts to install his sculptures in locations where the birds were last seen. The film will be followed by a brief talk by the artist and a book signing.

LostBirdProject_trailer from Lost Bird Project on Vimeo.

 


Current Literature


Aarvak, T., Øien, I.J., Krasnov, Y.V., Gavrilo, M.V., and Shavykin, A.A. 2013. The European wintering population of Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri reassessed. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(3):337-343.

Aavik, T., Bosshard, D., Edwards, P.J., Holderegger, R., and Billeter, R. 2014. Fitness in naturally occurring and restored populations of a grassland plant Lychnis flos-cuculi in a Swiss agricultural landscape. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):98-106.

Abele, S.E., Macdonald, S.E., and Spence, J.R. 2014. Cover type, environmental characteristics, and conservation of terrestrial gastropod diversity in boreal mixedwood forests. Can. J. Forest Res. 44(1):36-44.

Agetsuma, N., Koda, R., Tsujino, R., and Agetsuma-Yanagihara, Y. 2014. Impact of anthropogenic disturbance on the density and activity pattern of deer evaluated with respect to spatial scale-dependency. Mamm. Biol. 79(1):44-51.

Alberio, C., and Comparatore, V. 2014. Patterns of woody plant invasion in an Argentinean coastal grassland. Acta Oecol. 54:65-71.

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Tscharntke, T., Blüthgen, N., Bellach, M., Birkhofer, K., Boch, S., Böhm, S., Börschig, C., Chatzinotas, A., Christ, S., Daniel, R., Diekötter, T., Fischer, C., Friedl, T., Glaser, K., Hallmann, C., Hodac, L., Hölzel, N., Jung, K., Klein, A.M., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Krauss, J., Lange, M., Morris, E.K., Müller, J., Nacke, H., Pašalić, E., Rillig, M.C., Rothenwöhrer, C., Schally, P., Scherber, C., Schulze, W., Socher, S.A., Steckel, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Türke, M., Weiner, C.N., Werner, M., Westphal, C., Wolters, V., Wubet, T., Gockel, S., Gorke, M., Hemp, A., Renner, S.C., Schöning, I., Pfeiffer, S., König-Ries, B., Buscot, F., Linsenmair, K.E., Schulze, E.D., Weisser, W.W., and Fischer, M. 2014. Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111(1):308-313.

Allendorf, F.W., Berry, O., and Ryman, N. 2014. So long to genetic diversity, and thanks for all the fish. Mol. Ecol. 23(1):23-25.

Alofs, K.M., Jackson, D.A., and Lester, N.P. 2014. Ontario freshwater fishes demonstrate differing range-boundary shifts in a warming climate. Divers. Distrib. 20(2):123-136.

Alofs, K.M., Liverpool, E.A., Taphorn, D.C., Bernard, C.R., and López-Fernández, H. 2014. Mind the (information) gap: the importance of exploration and discovery for assessing conservation priorities for freshwater fish. Divers. Distrib. 20(1):107-113.

Alvarez-Mieles, G., Irvine, K., Griensven, A.V., Arias-Hidalgo, M., Torres, A., and Mynett, A.E. 2013. Relationships between aquatic biotic communities and water quality in a tropical river-wetland system (Ecuador). Environ. Sci. Policy 34:115-127.

Ameca y Juárez, E.I., Mace, G.M., Cowlishaw, G., and Pettorelli, N. 2014. Identifying species' characteristics associated with natural population die-offs in mammals. Anim. Conserv. 17(1):35-43.

Amorim, F., Carvalho, S.B., Honrado, J., and Rebelo, H. 2014. Designing optimized multi-species monitoring networks to detect range shifts driven by climate change: a case study with bats in the north of Portugal. PLoS ONE 9(1):e87291.

Anderson, C.B., Lencinas, M.V., Wallem, P.K., Valenzuela, A.E.J., Simanonok, M.P., and Pastur, G.M. 2014. Engineering by an invasive species alters landscape-level ecosystem function, but does not affect biodiversity in freshwater systems. Divers. Distrib. 20(2):214-222.

Ando, H., Ogawa, H., Kaneko, S., Takano, H., Seki, S.I., Suzuki, H., Horikoshi, K., and Isagi, Y. 2014. Genetic structure of the critically endangered Red-headed Wood Pigeon Columba janthina nitens and its implications for the management of threatened island populations. Ibis 156(1):153-164.

Aragón, R., Montti, L., Ayup, M.M., and Fernández, R. 2014. Exotic species as modifiers of ecosystem processes: litter decomposition in native and invaded secondary forests of NW Argentina. Acta Oecol. 54:21-28.

Aronson, J., Murcia, C., and Balaguer, L. 2013. Leak plugging and clog removal: useful metaphors for conservation and restoration. Conserv. Lett. 6(6):456-461.

Augé, A.A., Chilvers, B.L., Moore, A.B., and Davis, L.S. 2014. Importance of studying foraging site fidelity for spatial conservation measures in a mobile predator. Anim. Conserv. 17(1):61-71.

Azzella, M.M., Rosati, L., Iberite, M., Bolpagni, R., and Blasi, C. 2014. Changes in aquatic plants in the Italian volcanic-lake system detected using current data and historical records. Aquat. Bot. 112:41-47.

Azzurro, E., La Mesa, G., and Fanelli, E. 2013. The rocky-reef fish assemblages of Malta and Lampedusa islands (Strait of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea): a visual census study in a changing biogeographical sector. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 93(8):2015-2026.

Baart, I., Hohensinner, S., Zsuffa, I., and Hein, T. 2013. Supporting analysis of floodplain restoration options by historical analysis. Environ. Sci. Policy 34:92-102.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A., Byrnes, J., O'Connor, M.I., Hungate, B.A., and Griffin, J.N. 2014. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. BioScience 64(1):49-57.

Baral, H., Keenan, R.J., Sharma, S.K., Stork, N.E., and Kasel, S. 2014. Spatial assessment and mapping of biodiversity and conservation priorities in a heavily modified and fragmented production landscape in north-central Victoria, Australia. Ecol. Indic. 36:552-562.

Bashir, T., Bhattacharya, T., Poudyal, K., Sathyakumar, S., and Qureshi, Q. 2014. Integrating aspects of ecology and predictive modelling: implications for the conservation of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in the Eastern Himalaya. Acta Theriol. 59(1):35-47.

Bates, A.J., Sadler, J.P., Grundy, D., Lowe, N., Davis, G., Baker, D., Bridge, M., Freestone, R., Gardner, D., Gibson, C., Hemming, R., Howarth, S., Orridge, S., Shaw, M., Tams, T., and Young, H. 2014. Garden and landscape-scale correlates of moths of differing conservation status: significant effects of urbanization and habitat diversity. PLoS ONE 9(1):e86925.

Beirne, C., and Lambin, X. 2013. Understanding the determinants of volunteer retention through capture-recapture analysis: answering social science questions using a wildlife ecology toolkit. Conserv. Lett. 6(6):391-401.

Berjak, P., and Pammenter, N.W. 2014. Cryostorage of germplasm of tropical recalcitrant-seeded species: approaches and problems. Int. J. Plant Sci. 175(1):29-39.

Bernstein, E.J., Albano, C.M., Sisk, T.D., Crews, T.E., and Rosenstock, S. 2014. Establishing cool-season grasses on a degraded arid rangeland of the Colorado Plateau. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):57-64.

Bertolino, S., di Montezemolo, N.C., Preatoni, D.G., Wauters, L.A., and Martinoli, A. 2014. A grey future for Europe: Sciurus carolinensis is replacing native red squirrels in Italy. Biol. Invasions 16(1):53-62.

Bezzina, C.N., Amiel, J.J., and Shine, R. 2014. Does invasion success reflect superior cognitive ability? A case study of two congeneric lizard species (Lampropholis, Scincidae). PLoS ONE 9(1):e86271.

Bicknell, A.W.J., Knight, M.E., Bilton, D.T., Campbell, M., Reid, J.B., Newton, J., and Votier, S.C. 2014. Intercolony movement of pre-breeding seabirds over oceanic scales: implications of cryptic age-classes for conservation and metapopulation dynamics. Divers. Distrib. 20(2):160-168.

Blumenthal, D.M., Resco, V., Morgan, J.A., Williams, D.G., LeCain, D.R., Hardy, E.M., Pendall, E., and Bladyka, E. 2013. Invasive forb benefits from water savings by native plants and carbon fertilization under elevated CO2 and warming. New Phytol. 200(4):1156-1165.

Bonsall, M.B., Dooley, C.A., Kasparson, A., Brereton, T., Roy, D.B., and Thomas, J.A. 2014. Allee effects and the spatial dynamics of a locally endangered butterfly, the high brown fritillary (Argynnis adippe). Ecol. Appl. 24(1):108-120.

Booth, T.H., Nix, H.A., Busby, J.R., and Hutchinson, M.F. 2014. BIOCLIM: the first species distribution modelling package, its early applications and relevance to most current MAXENT studies. Divers. Distrib. 20(1):1-9.

Boyle, S.A., Kennedy, C.M., Torres, J., Colman, K., Pérez-Estigarribia, P.E., and de la Sancha, N.U. 2014. High-resolution satellite imagery is an important yet underutilized resource in conservation biology. PLoS ONE 9(1):e86908.

Brambilla, M., Bassi, E., Bergero, V., Casale, F., Chemollo, M., Falco, R., Longoni, V., Saporetti, F., Vigano, E., and Vitulano, S. 2013. Modelling distribution and potential overlap between Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus and Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius: implications for management and monitoring plans. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):502-511.

Brancalion, P.H.S., Cardozo, I.V., Camatta, A., Aronson, J., and Rodrigues, R.R. 2014. Cultural ecosystem services and popular perceptions of the benefits of an ecological restoration project in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):65-71.

Breininger, D.R., Stolen, E.D., Carter, G.M., Oddy, D.M., and Legare, S.A. 2014. Quantifying how territory quality and sociobiology affect recruitment to inform fire management. Anim. Conserv. 17(1):72-79.

Brito, J.C., Godinho, R., Martínez-Freiría, F., Pleguezuelos, J.M., Rebelo, H., Santos, X., Vale, C.G., Velo-Antón, G., Boratyński, Z., Carvalho, S.B., Ferreira, S., Gonçalves, D.V., Silva, T.L., Tarroso, P., Campos, J.C., Leite, J.V., Nogueira, J., Álvares, F., Sillero, N., Sow, A.S., Fahd, S., Crochet, P.A., and Carranza, S. 2014. Unravelling biodiversity, evolution and threats to conservation in the Sahara-Sahel. Biol. Rev. 89(1):215-231.

Bro-Jørgensen, J. 2014. Will their armaments be their downfall? Large horn size increases extinction risk in bovids. Anim. Conserv. 17(1):80-87.

Brooks, C.P., Lambert, B.H., Sauby, K.E., Ervin, G.N., Varone, L., and Logarzo, G.A. 2014. Larval morphology and host use confirms ecotypic variation in Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg). Biol. Invasions 16(1):13-22.

Brown, R.L., and Naeth, M.A. 2014. Woody debris amendment enhances reclamation after oil sands mining in Alberta, Canada. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):40-48.

Brownsey, R.N., Kyser, G.B., and DiTomaso, J.M. 2014. Growth and phenology of Dittrichia graveolens, a rapidly spreading invasive plant in California. Biol. Invasions 16(1):43-52.

Broyer, J., Curtet, L., and Chazal, R. 2014. How to improve agri-environment schemes to achieve meadow bird conservation in Europe? A case study in the Saône valley, France. J. Ornithol. 155(1):145-155.

Bruce, M.C., Newingham, B.A., Harris, C.C., and Krumpe, E.E. 2014. Opinions toward using volunteers in ecological restoration: a survey of federal land managers. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):5-12.

Buckley, J., Beebee, T.J.C., and Schmidt, B.R. 2014. Monitoring amphibian declines: population trends of an endangered species over 20 years in Britain. Anim. Conserv. 17(1):27-34.

Bull, G.Q., Elliott, C., Boedhihartono, A.K., and Sayer, J. 2014. Failures in tropical forest and conservation policy: what is the solution? J. Trop. For. Sci. 26(1):1-4.

Bunbury, N. 2014. Distribution, seasonality and habitat preferences of the endangered Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae on Aldabra Atoll: 2009-2012. Ibis 156(1):233-235.

Bunnell, D.B., Barbiero, R.P., Ludsin, S.A., Madenjian, C.P., Warren, G.J., Dolan, D.M., Brenden, T.O., Briland, R., Gorman, O.T., He, J.X., Johengen, T.H., Lantry, B.F., Lesht, B.M., Nalepa, T.F., Riley, S.C., Riseng, C.M., Treska, T.J., Tsehaye, I., Walsh, M.G., Warner, D.M., and Weidel, B.C. 2014. Changing ecosystem dynamics in the Laurentian Great Lakes: bottom-up and top-down regulation. BioScience 64(1):26-39.

Calladine, J., Critchley, C.N.R., Baker, D., Towers, J., and Thiel, A. 2014. Conservation management of moorland: a case study of the effectiveness of a combined suite of management prescriptions which aim to enhance breeding bird populations. Bird Study 61(1):56-72.

Campbell, L.M., Gray, N.J., Fairbanks, L.W., Silver, J.J., and Gruby, R.L. 2013. Oceans at Rio+20. Conserv. Lett. 6(6):439-447.

Cano, L.S., Franco, C., Doval, G., Torés, A., Carbonell, I., and Telleria, J.L. 2013. Conservation of Iberian Black Storks Ciconia nigra outside breeding areas: distribution, movements and mortality. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):463-468.

Capps, K.A., and Flecker, A.S. 2013. Invasive aquarium fish transform ecosystem nutrient dynamics. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1769):20131520.

Castillo, D.M., Kula, A.A.R., Dötterl, S., Dudash, M.R., and Fenster, C.B. 2014. Invasive Silene latifolia may benefit from a native pollinating seed predator, Hadena ectypa, in North America. Int. J. Plant Sci. 175(1):80-91.

Castro-Díez, P., Godoy, O., Alonso, A., Gallardo, A., and Saldaña, A. 2014. What explains variation in the impacts of exotic plant invasions on the nitrogen cycle? A meta-analysis. Ecol. Lett. 17(1):1-12.

Catton, C.A., and Rogers-Bennett, L. 2013. Assessing the recovery of pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata) by incorporating aggregation into a matrix model. J. Shellfish Res. 32(1):181-187.

Chapman, D.S., Haynes, T., Beal, S., Essl, F., and Bullock, J.M. 2014. Phenology predicts the native and invasive range limits of common ragweed. Global Change Biol. 20(1):192-202.

Chau, M.M., and Reyes, W.R. 2014. Effects of light, flooding, and weeding on experimental restoration of an endangered Hawaiian fern. Restor. Ecol. 22(1):107-116.

Chung, M.Y., Moon, M.O., López-Pujol, J., Chung, J.M., and Chung, M.G. 2013. Genetic diversity in the two endangered endemic species Kirengeshoma koreana (Hydrangeaceae) and Parasenecio pseudotaimingasa (Asteraceae) from Korea: insights into population history and implications for conservation. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 51:60-69.

Coetzer, K.L., Witkowski, E.T.F., and Erasmus, B.F.N. 2014. Reviewing Biosphere Reserves globally: effective conservation action or bureaucratic label? Biol. Rev. 89(1):82-104.

Cole, R.J., and Litton, C.M. 2014. Vegetation response to removal of non-native feral pigs from Hawaiian tropical montane wet forest. Biol. Invasions 16(1):125-140.

Cooke, S.J., Blumstein, D.T., Buchholz, R., Caro, T., Fernández-Juricic, E., Franklin, C.E., Metcalfe, J., O'Connor, C.M., St. Clair, C.C., Sutherland, W.J., and Wikelski, M. 2014. Physiology, behavior, and conservation. Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 87(1):1-14.

Cooper, T.M., Frank, J.H., and Cave, R.D. 2014. Loss of phytotelmata due to an invasive bromeliad-eating weevil and its-potential effects on faunal diversity and biogeochemical cycles. Acta Oecol. 54:51-56.

Cornetti, L., Menegon, M., Giovine, G., Heulin, B., and Vernesi, C. 2014. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA survey of Zootoca vivipara across the eastern Italian Alps: evolutionary relationships, historical demography and conservation implications. PLoS ONE 9(1):e85912.

Cox, S.P., Kronlund, A.R., and Benson, A.J. 2013. The roles of biological reference points and operational control points inmanagement procedures for the sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) fishery in British Columbia, Canada. Environ. Conserv. 40(4):318-328.

Čuda, J., Skálová, H., Janovský, Z., and Pyšek, P. 2014. Habitat requirements, short-term population dynamics and coexistence of native and invasive Impatiens species: a field study. Biol. Invasions 16(1):177-190.

Culumber, Z.W., Monks, S., and Miranda, R. 2014. Report of Xiphophorus hellerii in the arid Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve in Mexico. Environ. Biol. Fish. 97(2):157-161.

Cunha, H.A., Medeiros, B.V., Barbosa, L.A., Cremer, M.J., Marigo, J., Lailson-Brito, J., Azevedo, A.F., and Solé-Cava, A.M. 2014. Population structure of the endangered Franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei): reassessing management units. PLoS ONE 9(1):e85633.

Cunningham, R.B., Lindenmayer, D.B., Crane, M., Michael, D.R., Barton, P.S., Gibbons, P., Okada, S., Ikin, K., and Stein, J.A.R. 2014. The law of diminishing returns: woodland birds respond to native vegetation cover at multiple spatial scales and over time. Divers. Distrib. 20(1):59-71.

Czeszczewik, D., Walankiewicz, W., Mitrus, C., Tumiel, T., Stański, T., Sahel, M., and Bednarczyk, G. 2013. Importance of dead wood resources for woodpeckers in coniferous stands of the Białowieża Forest. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):414-425.

Daoud-Bouattour, A., Bottollier-Curtet, M., Ferchichi-Ben Jamaa, H., Ghrabi-Gammar, Z., Ben Saad-Limam, S., Rhazi, L., and Muller, S.D. 2014. Effects of hydrology on recruitment of Pilularia minuta Durieu (Marsileaceae), an endangered plant of Mediterranean temporary pools. Aquat. Bot. 112:76-83.

de Abreu, R.C.R., Santos, F.F.D., and Durigan, G. 2014. Changes in plant community of Seasonally Semideciduous Forest after invasion by Schizolobium parahyba at southeastern Brazil. Acta Oecol. 54:57-64.

de Andrade, R.B., Barlow, J., Louzada, J., Mestre, L., Silveira, J., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., and Cochrane, M.A. 2014. Biotic congruence in humid tropical forests: a multi-taxa examination of spatial distribution and responses to forest disturbance. Ecol. Indic. 36:572-581.

de Boer, H.J., Ouarghidi, A., Martin, G., Abbad, A., and Kool, A. 2014. DNA barcoding reveals limited accuracy of identifications based on folk taxonomy. PLoS ONE 9(1):e84291.

De Marco, P., Nogueira, D.S., Correa, C.C., Vieira, T.B., Silva, K.D., Pinto, N.S., Bichsel, D., Hirota, A.S.V., Vieira, R.R.S., Carneiro, F.M., de Oliveira, A.A.B., Carvalho, P., Bastos, R.P., Ilg, C., and Oertli, B. 2014. Patterns in the organization of Cerrado pond biodiversity in Brazilian pasture landscapes. Hydrobiologia 723(1):87-101.

Delgadillo-Moya, C. 2014. Biodiversity of Bryophyta (mosses) in Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 85:S100-S105.

Delprete, P.G. 2014. Utricularia julianae (Lentibulariaceae), a new species from the savannas of the Oyapock River, French Guiana. Phytotaxa 156(2):74-78.

Deng, G., Li, M., Li, H., Yin, L.Y., and Li, W. 2014. Exposure to cadmium causes declines in growth and photosynthesis in the endangered aquatic fern (Ceratopteris pteridoides). Aquat. Bot. 112:23-32.

Dixon, A., Maming, R., Gunga, A., Purev-Ochir, G., and Batbayar, N. 2013. The problem of raptor electrocution in Asia: case studies from Mongolia and China. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):520-529.

Dodd, J.A., Dick, J.T.A., Alexander, M.E., MacNeil, C., Dunn, A.M., and Aldridge, D.C. 2014. Predicting the ecological impacts of a new freshwater invader: functional responses and prey selectivity of the 'killer shrimp', Dikerogammarus villosus, compared to the native Gammarus pulex. Freshwater Biol. 59(2):337-352.

Domic, A.I., Camilo, G.R., and Capriles, J.M. 2014. Small-scale farming and grazing reduce regeneration of Polylepis tomentella (Rosaceae) in the semiarid Andes of Bolivia. Biotropica 46(1):106-113.

Dong, J.W., Xiao, X.M., Sheldon, S., Biradar, C., Zhang, G.L., Duong, N.D., Hazarika, M., Wikantika, K., Takeuhci, W., and Moore, B. 2014. A 50-m forest cover map in Southeast Asia from ALOS/PALSAR and its application on forest fragmentation assessment. PLoS ONE 9(1):e85801.

Dulvy, N.K., Fowler, S.L., Musick, J.A., Cavanagh, R.D., Kyne, P.M., Harrison, L.R., Carlson, J.K., Davidson, L.N.K., Fordham, S.V., Francis, M.P., Pollock, C.M., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Burgess, G.H., Carpenter, K.E., Compagno, L.J.V., Ebert, D.A., Gibson, C., Heupel, M.R., Livingstone, S.R., Sanciangco, J.C., Stevens, J.D., Valenti, S., and White, W.T. 2014. Extinction risk and conservation of the world's sharks and rays. eLife 3:e00590.

Durant, S.M., Wacher, T., Bashir, S., Woodroffe, R., De Ornellas, P., Ransom, C., Newby, J., Abáigar, T., Abdelgadir, M., El Alqamy, H., Baillie, J., Beddiaf, M., Belbachir, F., Belbachir-Bazi, A., Berbash, A.A., Bemadjim, N.E., Beudels-Jamar, R., Boitani, L., Breitenmoser, C., Cano, M., Chardonnet, P., Collen, B., Cornforth, W.A., Cuzin, F., Gerngross, P., Haddane, B., Hadjeloum, M., Jacobson, A., Jebali, A., Lamarque, F., Mallon, D., Minkowski, K., Monfort, S., Ndoassal, B., Niagate, B., Purchase, G., Samaila, S., Samna, A.K., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Soultan, A.E., Price, M.R.S., and Pettorelli, N. 2014. Fiddling in biodiversity hotspots while deserts burn? Collapse of the Sahara's megafauna. Divers. Distrib. 20(1):114-122.

Dutson, G. 2013. Population densities and conservation status of Norfolk Island forest birds. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(3):271-282.

Edwards, D.P., Gilroy, J.J., Woodcock, P., Edwards, F.A., Larsen, T.H., Andrews, D.J.R., Derhé, M.A., Docherty, T.D.S., Hsu, W.W., Mitchell, S.L., Ota, T., Williams, L.J., Laurance, W.F., Hamer, K.C., and Wilcove, D.S. 2014. Land-sharing versus land-sparing logging: reconciling timber extraction with biodiversity conservation. Global Change Biol. 20(1):183-191.

Egan, S.P., Barnes, M.A., Hwang, C.T., Mahon, A.R., Feder, J.L., Ruggiero, S.T., Tanner, C.E., and Lodge, D.M. 2013. Rapid invasive species detection by combining environmental DNA with light transmission spectroscopy. Conserv. Lett. 6(6):402-409.

Eker, I., Babaç, M.T., and Koyuncu, M. 2014. Revision of the genus Tulipa L. (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 157(1):3-112.

El-Keblawy, A., and Abdelfatah, M.A. 2014. Impacts of native and invasive exotic Prosopis congeners on soil properties and associated flora in the arid United Arab Emirates. J. Arid Environ. 100:1-8.

Ellstrand, N.C., Meirmans, P., Rong, J., Bartsch, D., Ghosh, A., de Jong, T.J., Haccou, P., Lu, B.R., Snow, A.A., Stewart, C.N., Strasburg, J.L., van Tienderen, P.H., Vrieling, K., and Hooftman, D. 2013. Introgression of crop alleles into wild or weedy populations. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 44:325-345.

Endo, C., and Nagata, H. 2013. Seasonal changes of foraging habitats and prey species in the Japanese Crested Ibis Nipponia nippon reintroduced on Sado Island, Japan. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):445-453.

Epifanio, C.E., Tilburg, C.E., and Dittel, A.I. 2013. Abundance of invasive and native crab larvae in the mouth of Delaware Bay: Hemigrapsus sanguineus and Uca pugnax. J. Shellfish Res. 32(2):543-550.

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Vogel, P., Vogel, V., Fumagalli, L., Kadjo, B., Kouadio, R.Y., and Dubey, S. 2014. Genetic identity of the critically endangered Wimmer's shrew Crocidura wimmeri. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 111(1):224-229.

Walker, S.J., and Schlacher, T.A. 2014. Limited habitat and conservation value of a young artificial reef. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(2):433-447.

Walther, B.A., Taylor, P.B., Schäffer, N., Robinson, S., and Jiguet, F. 2013. The African wintering distribution and ecology of the Corncrake Crex crex. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(3):309-322.

Weckworth, B.V., Musiani, M., DeCesare, N.J., McDevitt, A.D., Hebblewhite, M., and Mariani, S. 2013. Preferred habitat and effective population size drive landscape genetic patterns in an endangered species. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1769):20131756.

Wedding, L.M., Friedlander, A.M., Kittinger, J.N., Watling, L., Gaines, S.D., Bennett, M., Hardy, S.M., and Smith, C.R. 2013. From principles to practice: a spatial approach to systematic conservation planning in the deep sea. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1773):20131684.

Weerman, E.J., Eriksson, B.K., Olff, H., and van der Heide, T. 2014. Predation by native brown shrimp on invasive Pacific oyster spat. J. Sea Res. 85:126-130.

Williams, J.L., and Fishman, L. 2014. Genetic evidence for founder effects in the introduced range of houndstongue (Cynoglossum officinale). Biol. Invasions 16(1):205-216.

Wilsey, B.J., Daneshgar, P.P., Hofmockel, K., and Polley, H.W. 2014. Invaded grassland communities have altered stability-maintenance mechanisms but equal stability compared to native communities. Ecol. Lett. 17(1):92-100.

Wood, C., Tomida, H., Jin-Han, K., Lee, K.S., Cho, H.J., Nishida, S., Ibrahim, J., Hur, W.H., Kim, H.J., Kim, S.H., Koike, H., Fujita, G., Higuchi, H., and Yahara, T. 2013. New perspectives on habitat selection by the Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor based upon satellite telemetry. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):495-501.

Woolley, P.A., Haslem, A., and Westerman, M. 2013. Past and present distribution of Dasycercus: toward a better understanding of the identity of specimens in cave deposits and the conservation status of the currently recognised species D. blythi and D. cristicauda (Marsupialia : Dasyuridae). Aust. J. Zool. 61(4):281-290.

Worthington, T.A., Brewer, S.K., Grabowski, T.B., and Mueller, J. 2014. Backcasting the decline of a vulnerable Great Plains reproductive ecotype: identifying threats and conservation priorities. Global Change Biol. 20(1):89-102.

Xu, J.W., Fonseca, D.M., Hamilton, G.C., Hoelmer, K.A., and Nielsen, A.L. 2014. Tracing the origin of US brown marmorated stink bugs, Halyomorpha halys. Biol. Invasions 16(1):153-166.

Ye, Q.G., Tang, F.Y., Wei, N., and Yao, X.H. 2014. Molecular and quantitative trait variation within and among small fragmented populations of the endangered plant species Psilopeganum sinense. Ann. Botany 113(1):79-86.

Yildirim, H., and Şenol, S.G. 2014. Campanula alisan-kilincii (Campanulaceae), a new species from eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 38(1):22-30.

Yorio, P., Petracci, P., and Borboroglu, P.G. 2013. Current status of the threatened Olrog's Gull Larus atlanticus: global population, breeding distribution and threats. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):477-486.

Yoshioka, A., Miyazaki, Y., Sekizaki, Y., Suda, S., Kadoya, T., and Washitani, I. 2014. A "lost biodiversity" approach to revealing major anthropogenic threats to regional freshwater ecosystems. Ecol. Indic. 36:348-355.

Young, J.C., Waylen, K.A., Sarkki, S., Albon, S., Bainbridge, I., Balian, E., Davidson, J., Edwards, D., Fairley, R., Margerison, C., McCracken, D., Owen, R., Quine, C.P., Stewart-Roper, C., Thompson, D., Tinch, R., Van den Hove, S., and Watt, A. 2014. Improving the science-policy dialogue to meet the challenges of biodiversity conservation: having conversations rather than talking at one-another. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(2):387-404.

Yuhara, T., Kawane, M., and Furota, T. 2014. Genetic population structure of local populations of the endangered saltmarsh sesarmid crab Clistocoeloma sinense in Japan. PLoS ONE 9(1):e84720.

Zarones, L., Colón, M.R., Ha, J.C., and Ha, R.R. 2013. Effects of foliage invertebrate availability and forest structure on the abundance of the critically endangered Rota White-eye Zosterops rotensis in Rota, Mariana Islands. Bird Conserv. Int. 23(4):454-462.

Zeilhofer, P., Cezar, A., Tôrres, N.M., Jácomo, A.T.D.A., and Silveira, L. 2014. Jaguar Panthera onca habitat modeling in landscapes facing high land-use transformation pressure-findings from Mato Grosso, Brazil. Biotropica 46(1):98-105.

Zellweger, F., Morsdorf, F., Purves, R.S., Braunisch, V., and Bollmann, K. 2014. Improved methods for measuring forest landscape structure: LiDAR complements field-based habitat assessment. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(2):289-307.

Zhang, Z.Y., Pang, X.M., Han, J.W., Wang, Y., and Li, Y.Y. 2013. Conservation genetics of Annamocarya sinensis (Dode) Leroy, an endangered endemic species. Genet. Mol. Res. 12(3):3965-3974.

Zhou, G.Y., Houlton, B.Z., Wang, W.T., Huang, W.J., Xiao, Y., Zhang, Q.M., Liu, S.Z., Cao, M., Wang, X.H., Wang, S.L., Zhang, Y.P., Yan, J.H., Liu, J.X., Tang, X.L., and Zhang, D.Q. 2014. Substantial reorganization of China's tropical and subtropical forests: based on the permanent plots. Global Change Biol. 20(1):240-250.

Zhu, K., Woodall, C.W., Ghosh, S., Gelfand, A.E., and Clark, J.S. 2014. Dual impacts of climate change: forest migration and turnover through life history. Global Change Biol. 20(1):251-264.

Zoghlami, N., Riahi, L., Laucou, V., Mliki, A., Ghorbel, A., and This, P. 2013. Genetic structure of endangered wild grapevine Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris populations from Tunisia: implications for conservation and management. Forest Ecol. Manag. 310:896-902.

Zografou, K., Kati, V., Grill, A., Wilson, R.J., Tzirkalli, E., Pamperis, L.N., and Halley, J.M. 2014. Signals of climate change in butterfly communities in a Mediterranean protected area. PLoS ONE 9(1):e87245.

Zou, F.S., Yang, Q.F., Lin, Y.B., Xu, G.L., and Greenberg, R. 2014. Bird community comparisons of four plantations and conservation concerns in South China. Integr. Zool. 9(1):97-106.


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