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Department ofBotany



No. 354
June 2014


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In This Issue


Native Orchids Need Their Pollinators


-From The Plant Press

The week of June 16-22 has been designated as Pollinator Week to mark a necessary step toward addressing the urgent issue of declining pollinator and plant populations. Each year the Pollinator Partnership, along with a wide range of partners (including federal agencies, non-profits, and for-profits), design and distribute an educational pollinator poster to promote Pollinator Week. The posters are one of the most popular outreach material items offered. The Pollinator Partnership is the largest non-profit organization in the world dedicated to the protection and promotion of pollinators and their ecosystems. It manages the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC), a consortium of more than 120 affiliated organizations, working to implement, promote and support a clear, continent-wide coordinated action plan to coordinate projects in the areas of pollinator research, education and awareness, conservation and restoration. The National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) has been a partner of NAPPC since its inception in 1999, and NMNH conservation biologist Gary Krupnick serves on the NAPPC Steering Committee.

Native Orchids Need Their Pollinators

This year NAPPC has teamed up with the North American Orchid Conservation Center (NAOCC) to promote Pollinator Week. The 2014 Pollinator Week poster features illustrations of seven native orchid-pollinator interactions with the theme "Native Orchids Need Their Pollinators." Included among the illustrations is a mosquito, Aedes communis, pollinating the blunt-leaved orchid, Platanthera obtusata, a wildflower found in wet forests, sphagnum bogs and true tundra of Alaska, Canada, and New England. Krupnick, co-chair of the NAPPC orchid-pollinator Task Force, led the scientific advisory team in overseeing the production and scientific content of the poster.

Posters are available to order for free (except for shipping and handling) on the Pollinator Partnership website. Posters are for educational purposes only and are not intended for resale. The website also features information about the important role of pollinators and the dangers they face. Further information on the orchid species represented in the poster can be found on NAOCC's Go Orchids website, a tool to explore orchids native to the U.S. and Canada.

NMNH and other members of NAPPC will also be hosting events at their institutions to mark Pollinator Week. NMNH will feature a variety of public programs including lectures and family friendly activities that will focus on orchids and their pollinators during the week of June 16. Be sure to check the museum's calendar of events for the latest information.


Current Literature


Aarif, K.M., Muzaffar, S.B., Babu, S., and Prasadan, P.K. 2014. Shorebird assemblages respond to anthropogenic stress by altering habitat use in a wetland in India. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(3):727-740.

Ahammad, R., Hossain, M.K., and Husnain, P. 2014. Governance of forest conservation and co-benefits for Bangladesh under changing climate. J. Forest. Res. 25(1):29-36.

Aleksić, J.M., and Geburek, T. 2014. Quaternary population dynamics of an endemic conifer, Picea omorika, and their conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):87-107.

Alexander, M.E., Dick, J.T.A., Weyl, O.L.F., Robinson, T.B., and Richardson, D.M. 2014. Existing and emerging high impact invasive species are characterized by higher functional responses than natives. Biol. Lett. 10(2):20130946.

Almalki, M., AlRashidi, M., Shobrak, M., and Székely, T. 2014. Breeding distribution and conservation of the Crab Plover (Dromas ardeola) in Saudi Arabia (Aves: Charadriiformes). Zool. Middle East 60(1):6-12.

Almeida, D., Merino-Aguirre, R., Vilizzi, L., and Copp, G.H. 2014. Interspecific aggressive behaviour of invasive pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus in Iberian fresh waters. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88038.

Amori, G., Gippoliti, S., and Luiselli, L. 2014. A short review of the roles of climate and man in mammal extinctions during the Anthropocene. Rend. Lincei-Sci. Fis. 25(1):95-99.

Andersen, A.N., Bocciarelli, D., Fairman, R., and Radford, I.J. 2014. Conservation status of ants in an iconic region of monsoonal Australia: levels of endemism and responses to fire in the eastern Kimberley. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):137-146.

Anderson, J.H., Pess, G.R., Carmichael, R.W., Ford, M.J., Cooney, T.D., Baldwin, C.M., and McClure, M.M. 2014. Planning Pacific salmon and steelhead reintroductions aimed at long-term viability and recovery. North Am. J. Fish. Manag. 34(1):72-93.

Armstrong, D.P., McArthur, N., Govella, S., Morgan, K., Johnston, R., Gorman, N., Pike, R., and Richard, Y. 2013. Using radio-tracking data to predict post-release establishment in reintroductions to habitat fragments. Biol. Conserv. 168:152-160.

Aronson, M.F.J., La Sorte, F.A., Nilon, C.H., Katti, M., Goddard, M.A., Lepczyk, C.A., Warren, P.S., Williams, N.S.G., Cilliers, S., Clarkson, B., Dobbs, C., Dolan, R., Hedblom, M., Klotz, S., Kooijmans, J.L., Kühn, I., MacGregor-Fors, I., McDonnell, M., Mörtberg, U., Pyšek, P., Siebert, S., Sushinsky, J., Werner, P., and Winter, M. 2014. A global analysis of the impacts of urbanization on bird and plant diversity reveals key anthropogenic drivers. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281(1780):20133330.

Aubriot, X., Lowry, P.P., and Haevermans, T. 2014. Taxonomic revision of the Malagasy endemic and enigmatic Euphorbia section Pachysanthae (Euphorbiaceae). Phytotaxa 159(3):221-235.

Báez, J.C., García-Barcelona, S., Mendoza, M., de Urbina, J.M.O., Real, R., and Macias, D. 2014. Cory's shearwater by-catch in the Mediterranean Spanish commercial longline fishery: implications for management. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(3):661-681.

Baker, K., Lambdon, P., Jones, E., Pellicer, J., Stroud, S., Renshaw, O., Niissalo, M., Corcoran, M., Clubbe, C., and Sarasan, V. 2014. Rescue, ecology and conservation of a rediscovered island endemic fern (Anogramma ascensionis): ex situ methodologies and a road map for species reintroduction and habitat restoration. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 174(3):461-477.

Baláž, V., Vörös, J., Civiš, P., Vojar, J., Hettyey, A., Sós, E., Dankovics, R., Jehle, R., Christiansen, D.G., Clare, F., Fisher, M.C., Garner, T.W.J., and Bielby, J. 2014. Assessing risk and guidance on monitoring of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Europe through identification of taxonomic selectivity of infection. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):213-223.

Balme, G.A., Lindsey, P.A., Swanepoel, L.H., and Hunter, L.T.B. 2014. Failure of research to address the rangewide conservation needs of large carnivores: leopards in South Africa as a case study. Conserv. Lett. 7(1):3-11.

Ban, N.C., Bax, N.J., Gjerde, K.M., Devillers, R., Dunn, D.C., Dunstan, P.K., Hobday, A.J., Maxwell, S.M., Kaplan, D.M., Pressey, R.L., Ardron, J.A., Game, E.T., and Halpin, P.N. 2014. Systematic conservation planning: a better recipe for managing the high seas for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Conserv. Lett. 7(1):41-54.

Baral, N. 2014. Evaluation and resilience of ecotourism in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Environ. Conserv. 41(1):84-92.

Barnowe-Meyer, K.K., White, P.J., Waits, L.P., and Byers, J.A. 2013. Social and genetic structure associated with migration in pronghorn. Biol. Conserv. 168:108-115.

Baskauf, C.J., Jinks, N.C., Mandel, J.R., and McCauley, D.E. 2014. Population genetics of Braun's Rockcress (Boechera perstellata, Brassicaceae), an endangered plant with a disjunct distribution. J. Heredity 105(2):265-275.

Bátori, Z., Csiky, J., Farkas, T., Vojtkó, A.E., Erdős, L., Kovács, D., Wirth, T., Körmöczi, L., and Vojtkó, A. 2014. The conservation value of karst dolines for vascular plants in woodland habitats of Hungary: refugia and climate change. International Journal of Speleology 43(1):15-26.

Beger, M., Selkoe, K.A., Treml, E., Barber, P.H., von der Heyden, S., Crandall, E.D., Toonen, R.J., and Riginos, C. 2014. Evolving coral reef conservation with genetic information. Bull. Mar. Sci. 90(1):159-185.

Bellakhal, M., Neveu, A., and Aleya, L. 2014. Artificial wetlands as a solution to the decline in the frog population: estimation of their suitability through the study of population dynamics of Sahara Frogs in hill lakes. Ecol. Eng. 63:114-121.

Belote, R.T., and Aplet, G.H. 2014. Land protection and timber harvesting along productivity and diversity gradients in the Northern Rocky Mountains. Ecosphere 5(2):17.

Benchimol, M., and Peres, C.A. 2014. Predicting primate local extinctions within "real-world" forest fragments: a pan-neotropical analysis. Am. J. Primatol. 76(3):289-302.

Benitez-Capistros, F., Hugé, J., and Koedam, N. 2014. Environmental impacts on the Galapagos Islands: identification of interactions, perceptions and steps ahead. Ecol. Indic. 38:113-123.

Benke, H., Bräger, S., Dahne, M., Gallus, A., Hansen, S., Honnef, C.G., Jabbusch, M., Koblitz, J.C., Krügel, K., Liebschner, A., Narberhaus, I., and Verfuß, U.K. 2014. Baltic Sea harbour porpoise populations: status and conservation needs derived from recent survey results. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 495:275-290.

Bennett, B.M. 2014. Model invasions and the development of national concerns over invasive introduced trees: insights from South African history. Biol. Invasions 16(3):499-512.

Bennett, J.R. 2014. Comparison of native and exotic distribution and richness models across scales reveals essential conservation lessons. Ecography 37(2):120-129.

Berger, J., Cain, S.L., Cheng, E., Dratch, P., Ellison, K., Francis, J., Frost, H.C., Gende, S., Groves, C., Karesh, W.A., Leslie, E., Machlis, G., Medellin, R.A., Noss, R.F., Redford, K.H., Soukup, M., Wilcove, D., and Zack, S. 2014. Optimism and challenge for science-based conservation of migratory species in and out of U.S. national parks. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):4-12.

Betz, C., Scheuerer, M., and Reisch, C. 2013. Population reinforcement - a glimmer of hope for the conservation of the highly endangered Spring Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vernalis). Biol. Conserv. 168:161-167.

Bezemer, T.M., Harvey, J.A., and Cronin, J.T. 2014. Response of native insect communities to invasive plants. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 59:119-U740.

Bianchi, J.S., and Kersten, R.D. 2014. Edge effect on vascular epiphytes in a subtropical Atlantic Forest. Acta Bot. Bras. 28(1):120-126.

Bird, M.S., and Day, J.A. 2014. Wetlands in changed landscapes: the influence of habitat transformation on the physico-chemistry of temporary depression wetlands. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88935.

Biye, E.H., Balkwill, K., and Cron, G.V. 2014. A clarification of Gnetum L. (Gnetaceae) in Africa and the description of two new species. Plant Syst. Evol. 300(2):263-272.

Blank, L., and Blaustein, L. 2014. A multi-scale analysis of breeding site characteristics of the endangered fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) at its extreme southern range limit. Hydrobiologia 726(1):229-244.

Bleach, I., Beckmann, C., Brown, G.P., and Shine, R. 2014. Effects of an invasive species on refuge-site selection by native fauna: the impact of cane toads on native frogs in the Australian tropics. Austral Ecol. 39(1):50-59.

Bogdanović, S., Brullo, S., Rešetnik, I., Satovic, Z., and Liber, Z. 2014. Campanula teutana, a new isophyllous Campanula (Campanulaceae) from the Adriatic region. Phytotaxa 162(1):1-17.

Boor, G.K.H. 2014. A framework for developing objective and measurable recovery criteria for threatened and endangered species. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):33-43.

Borghesio, L. 2014. Can fire avoid massive and rapid habitat change in Italian heathlands? J. Nature Conserv. 22(1):68-74.

Bousquet, N., Chassot, E., Duplisea, D.E., and Hammill, M.O. 2014. Forecasting the major influences of predation and environment on cod recovery in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. PLoS ONE 9(2):e82836.

Bouyoucos, I., Bushnell, P., and Brill, R. 2014. Potential for electropositive metal to reduce the interactions of Atlantic sturgeon with fishing gear. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):278-282.

Brown, S.L., Reid, D., and Rogan, E. 2013. A risk-based approach to rapidly screen vulnerability of cetaceans to impacts from fisheries bycatch. Biol. Conserv. 168:78-87.

Buijs, A.E., and Elands, B.H.M. 2013. Does expertise matter? An in-depth understanding of people's structure of thoughts on nature and its management implications. Biol. Conserv. 168:184-191.

Bujan, M.I.R., and Real, C. 2014. Morphometric characterization of Eryngium viviparum (Umbelliferae): description of a new subspecies from the Iberian Peninsula. Phytotaxa 158(3):245-254.

Bush, A.A., Nipperess, D.A., Duursma, D.E., Theischinger, G., Turak, E., and Hughes, L. 2014. Continental-scale assessment of risk to the Australian Odonata from climate change. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88958.

Butler, S., McAlpine, C., Fensham, R., and House, A. 2014. Climate and exotic pasture area in landscape determines invasion of forest fragments by two invasive grasses. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(1):114-123.

Buzzetti, D.R.C., Belmonte-Lopes, R., Reinert, B.L., Silveira, L.F., and Bornschein, M.R. 2013. A new species of Formicivora Swainson, 1824 (Thamnophilidae) from the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 21(4):269-291.

Bystriakova, N., Ansell, S.W., Russell, S.J., Grundmann, M., Vogel, J.C., and Schneider, H. 2014. Present, past and future of the European rock fern Asplenium fontanum: combining distribution modelling and population genetics to study the effect of climate change on geographic range and genetic diversity. Ann. Botany 113(3):453-465.

Cairns, R., Sallu, S.M., and Goodman, S. 2014. Questioning calls to consensus in conservation: a Q study of conservation discourses on Galápagos. Environ. Conserv. 41(1):13-26.

Caminer, M.A., and Ron, S.R. 2014. Systematics of treefrogs of the Hypsiboas calcaratus and Hypsiboas fasciatus species complex (Anura, Hylidae) with the description of four new species. ZooKeys 370:1-68.

Capizzi, D., Bertolino, S., and Mortelliti, A. 2014. Rating the rat: global patterns and research priorities in impacts and management of rodent pests. Mammal Rev. 44(2):148-162.

Caplat, P., Hui, C., Maxwell, B.D., and Peltzer, D.A. 2014. Cross-scale management strategies for optimal control of trees invading from source plantations. Biol. Invasions 16(3):677-690.

Carlson, J.K., Gulak, S.J.B., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Grubbs, R.D., Romine, J.G., and Burgess, G.H. 2014. Movement patterns and habitat use of smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, determined using pop-up satellite archival tags. Aquat. Conserv. 24(1):104-117.

Carrillo, J., McDermott, D., and Siemann, E. 2014. Loss of specificity: native but not invasive populations of Triadica sebifera vary in tolerance to different herbivores. Oecologia 174(3):863-871.

Carroll, C., Fredrickson, R.J., and Lacy, R.C. 2014. Developing metapopulation connectivity criteria from genetic and habitat data to recover the endangered Mexican wolf. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):76-86.

Carter, N.H., Riley, S.J., Shortridge, A., Shrestha, B.K., and Liu, J.G. 2014. Spatial assessment of attitudes toward tigers in Nepal. Ambio 43(2):125-137.

Casner, K.L., Forister, M.L., Ram, K., and Shapiro, A.M. 2014. The utility of repeated presence data as a surrogate for counts: a case study using butterflies. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):13-27.

Catenazzi, A., and Kupferberg, S.J. 2013. The importance of thermal conditions to recruitment success in stream-breeding frog populations distributed across a productivity gradient. Biol. Conserv. 168:40-48.

Ceccarelli, D.M., Frisch, A.J., Graham, N.A.J., Ayling, A.M., and Beger, M. 2014. Habitat partitioning and vulnerability of sharks in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 24(1):169-197.

Chen, S., Yi, Z.F., Campos-Arceiz, A., Chen, M.Y., and Webb, E.L. 2013. Developing a spatially-explicit, sustainable and risk-based insurance scheme to mitigate human-wildlife conflict. Biol. Conserv. 168:31-39.

Chiari, S., Zauli, A., Audisio, P., Campanaro, A., Donzelli, P.F., Romiti, F., Svensson, G.P., Tini, M., and Carpaneto, G.M. 2014. Monitoring presence, abundance and survival probability of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus, using visual and odour-based capture methods: implications for conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):99-109.

Chidumayo, E.N. 2014. Estimating tree biomass and changes in root biomass following clear-cutting of Brachystegia-Julbernardia (miombo) woodland in central Zambia. Environ. Conserv. 41(1):54-63.

Christiansen, J.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., and Karamushko, O.V. 2014. Arctic marine fishes and their fisheries in light of global change. Global Change Biol. 20(2):352-359.

Clark, J.R. 2013. Conservation crossroads: extinction or recovery? The USA's Endangered Species Act at forty. Ecohealth 10(4):329-330.

Clavero, M., and Villero, D. 2014. Historical ecology and invasion biology: long-term distribution changes of introduced freshwater species. BioScience 64(2):145-153.

Clayton, J.A., Pavey, C.R., Vernes, K., and Tighe, M. 2014. Review and analysis of Australian macropod translocations 1969-2006. Mammal Rev. 44(2):109-123.

Clemens, R.S., Herrod, A., and Weston, M.A. 2014. Lines in the mud; revisiting the boundaries of important shorebird areas. J. Nature Conserv. 22(1):59-67.

Cockel, C.P., Gurnell, A.M., and Gurnell, J. 2014. Consequences of the physical management of an invasive alien plant for riparian plant species richness and diversity. River Res. Appl. 30(2):217-229.

Connelly, J. 2014. Federal agency responses to greater sage-grouse and the ESA: getting nowhere fast. Northwest Sci. 88(1):61-64.

Cook, R.W., and Talley, T.S. 2014. The invertebrate communities associated with a Chrysanthemum coronarium-invaded coastal sage scrub area in Southern California. Biol. Invasions 16(2):365-380.

Cox, W.A., Thompson, F.R., Cox, A.S., and Faaborg, J. 2014. Post-fledging survival in passerine birds and the value of post-fledging studies to conservation. J. Wildlife Manag. 78(2):183-193.

Coxson, D., Björk, C., and Bourassa, M.D. 2014. The influence of regional gradients in climate and air pollution on epiphytes in riparian forest galleries of the upper Fraser River watershed. Botany 92(1):23-45.

Cron, G.V. 2014. A synopsis of Emilia (Senecioneae, Asteraceae) in southern Africa. Phytotaxa 159(3):195-210.

Cros, A., Venegas-Li, R., Teoh, S.J., Peterson, N., Wen, W., and Fatan, N.A. 2014. Spatial data quality control for the Coral Triangle Atlas. Coast. Manage. 42(2):128-142.

Crous, C.J., Samways, M.J., and Pryke, J.S. 2014. Rockiness determines meso-scale conservation of butterflies in Afro-montane grassland. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):77-83.

Culmsee, H., Schmidt, M., Schmiedel, I., Schacherer, A., Meyer, P., and Leuschner, C. 2014. Predicting the distribution of forest habitat types using indicator species to facilitate systematic conservation planning. Ecol. Indic. 37:131-144.

da Luz, C.F.P., Bicudo, D.D., Costa-Böddeker, S., de Oliveira, P.E., de Jesus, T.A., and Albuquerque, A.L.S. 2014. Regeneration of the Atlantic forest in an urban protected area of São Paulo, Brazil: a historical and palynological approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(3):683-696.

Dai, H.J., Lu, X.M., Zhang, J.L., and Ding, J.Q. 2014. Responses of a native beetle to novel exotic plant species with varying invasion history. Ecol. Entomol. 39(1):118-124.

Danielsen, F., Pirhofer-Walzl, K., Adrian, T.P., Kapijimpanga, D.R., Burgess, N.D., Jensen, P.M., Bonney, R., Funder, M., Landa, A., Levermann, N., and Madsen, J. 2014. Linking public participation in scientific research to the indicators and needs of international environmental agreements. Conserv. Lett. 7(1):12-24.

Davies, A.L., Colombo, S., and Hanley, N. 2014. Improving the application of long-term ecology in conservation and land management. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(1):63-70.

Davis, A.Y., Malas, N., and Minor, E.S. 2014. Substitutable habitats? The biophysical and anthropogenic drivers of an exotic bird's distribution. Biol. Invasions 16(2):415-427.

Davy, C.M., and Murphy, R.W. 2014. Conservation genetics of the endangered Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata) illustrate the risks of "bottleneck tests". Can. J. Zool. 92(2):149-162.

Day, M., Baldauf, C., Rutishauser, E., and Sunderland, T.C.H. 2014. Relationships between tree species diversity and above-ground biomass in Central African rainforests: implications for REDD. Environ. Conserv. 41(1):64-72.

De Almeida, E.B., and Zickel, C.S. 2014. Manilkara dardanoi (Sapotaceae): the rediscovery of an endemic and threatened species in northeastern Brazil. Phytotaxa 161(3):235-240.

De Cauwer, V., Muys, B., Revermann, R., and Trabucco, A. 2014. Potential, realised, future distribution and environmental suitability for Pterocarpus angolensis DC in southern Africa. Forest Ecol. Manag. 315:211-226.

de Gouveia, R.G.L., Galvanin, E.A.D., and Neves, S.M.A.D. 2013. Application of anthropic transformation index for multitemporal analysis of the Córrego do Bezerro Vermelho basin Tangará da Serra, MT. Rev. Arvore 37(6):1045-1054.

de la Hera, I., Arizaga, J., and Galarza, A. 2013. Exotic tree plantations and avian conservation in northern Iberia: a view from a nest-box monitoring study. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 36(2):153-163.

Deb, S., Ahmed, A., and Datta, D. 2014. An alternative approach for delineating eco-sensitive zones around a wildlife sanctuary applying geospatial techniques. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(4):2641-2651.

DeBoer, T.S., Naguit, M.R.A., Erdmann, M.V., Ablan-Lagman, M.C.A., Ambariyanto, Carpenter, K.E., Toha, A.H.A., and Barber, P.H. 2014. Concordance between phylogeographic and biogeographic boundaries in the Coral Triangle: conservation implications based on comparative analyses of multiple giant clam species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 90(1):277-300.

Della Rocca, F., Stefanelli, S., Pasquaretta, C., Campanaro, A., and Bogliani, G. 2014. Effect of deadwood management on saproxylic beetle richness in the floodplain forests of northern Italy: some measures for deadwood sustainable use. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):121-136.

Diaz, M., Abril, S., Enríquez, M., and Gómez, C. 2014. Assessment of the Argentine ant invasion management by means of manual removal of winter nests in mixed cork oak and pine forests. Biol. Invasions 16(2):315-327.

Dick, C.A., Herman, J.A., O'Dell, R.E., Lopez-Villalobos, A., Eckert, C., and Whittall, J.B. 2014. Cryptic genetic subdivision in the San Benito evening primrose (Camissonia benitensis). Conserv. Genet. 15(1):165-175.

Dickie, I.A., Bennett, B.M., Burrows, L.E., Nuñez, M.A., Peltzer, D.A., Porté, A., Richardson, D.M., Rejmánek, M., Rundel, P.W., and van Wilgen, B.W. 2014. Conflicting values: ecosystem services and invasive tree management. Biol. Invasions 16(3):705-719.

Dolgener, N., Freudenberger, L., Schluck, M., Schneeweiss, N., Ibisch, P.L., and Tiedemann, R. 2014. Environmental niche factor analysis (ENFA) relates environmental parameters to abundance and genetic diversity in an endangered amphibian, the fire-bellied-toad (Bombina bombina). Conserv. Genet. 15(1):11-21.

Dolrenry, S., Stenglein, J., Hazzah, L., Lutz, R.S., and Frank, L. 2014. A metapopulation approach to African lion (Panthera leo) conservation. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88081.

Donaldson, J.E., Richardson, D.M., and Wilson, J.R.U. 2014. Scale-area curves: a tool for understanding the ecology and distribution of invasive tree species. Biol. Invasions 16(3):553-563.

Dostálek, T., Münzbergová, Z., and Plačková, I. 2014. High genetic diversity in isolated populations of Thesium ebracteatum at the edge of its distribution range. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):75-86.

Douglas, D.J.T., Bellamy, P.E., Stephen, L.S., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Wilson, J.D., and Grant, M.C. 2014. Upland land use predicts population decline in a globally near-threatened wader. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(1):194-203.

Drielsma, M., Ferrier, S., Howling, G., Manion, G., Taylor, S., and Love, J. 2014. The Biodiversity Forecasting Toolkit: answering the 'how much', 'what', and 'where' of planning for biodiversity persistence. Ecol. Model. 274:80-91.

Ducatez, S. 2014. Brood parasitism: a good strategy in our changing world? Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281(1780):20132404.

Dwyer, J.F., Harness, R.E., and Donohue, K. 2014. Predictive model of avian electrocution risk on overhead power lines. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):159-168.

Eallonardo, A.S., and Leopold, D.J. 2014. Inland salt marshes of the northeastern United States: stress, disturbance and compositional stability. Wetlands 34(1):155-166.

Ebrahimi, M., and Bull, C.M. 2014. Visual conspecific cues will not help in pygmy bluetongue lizard translocations. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 151:102-109.

Edgar, G.J., Stuart-Smith, R.D., Willis, T.J., Kininmonth, S., Baker, S.C., Banks, S., Barrett, N.S., Becerro, M.A., Bernard, A.T.F., Berkhout, J., Buxton, C.D., Campbell, S.J., Cooper, A.T., Davey, M., Edgar, S.C., Försterra, G., Galván, D.E., Irigoyen, A.J., Kushner, D.J., Moura, R., Parnell, P.E., Shears, N.T., Soler, G., Strain, E.M.A., and Thomson, R.J. 2014. Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506(7487):216-220.

Edwards, B.A., Jackson, D.A., and Somers, K.M. 2014. Linking temporal changes in crayfish communities to environmental changes in boreal Shield lakes in south-central Ontario. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 71(1):21-30.

Eggert, L.S., Buij, R., Lee, M.E., Campbell, P., Dallmeier, F., Fleischer, R.C., Alonso, A., and Maldonado, J.E. 2014. Using genetic profiles of African forest elephants to infer population structure, movements, and habitat use in a conservation and development landscape in Gabon. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):107-118.

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Stokstad, E. 2014. Major conservation group guts science team in strategy shift. Science 343(6175):1069.

Storfer, A., Mech, S.G., Reudink, M.W., and Lew, K. 2014. Inbreeding and strong population subdivision in an endangered salamander. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):137-151.

Storkey, J., Stratonovitch, P., Chapman, D.S., Vidotto, F., and Semenov, M.A. 2014. A process-based approach to predicting the effect of climate change on the distribution of an invasive allergenic plant in Europe. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88156.

Stout, J.C., and Casey, L.M. 2014. Relative abundance of an invasive alien plant affects insect-flower interaction networks in Ireland. Acta Oecol. 55:78-85.

Stricker, K.B., and Stiling, P. 2014. Release from herbivory does not confer invasion success for Eugenia uniflora in Florida. Oecologia 174(3):817-826.

Suefuji, M., and Heinze, J. 2014. The genetic population structure of two socially parasitic ants: "the active slave-maker" Myrmoxenus ravouxi and the "degenerate slave-maker" M. kraussei. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):201-211.

Suetsugu, K., and Fukushima, S. 2014. Bee pollination of the endangered orchid Calanthe discolor through a generalized food-deceptive system. Plant Syst. Evol. 300(3):453-459.

Sullivan, J.J. 2014. Inadvertent biological control: an Australian thrips killing an invasive New Zealand tree in California. Biol. Invasions 16(2):445-453.

Sundar, K.S.G., and Kittur, S. 2013. Can wetlands maintained for human use also help conserve biodiversity? Landscape-scale patterns of bird use of wetlands in an agricultural landscape in north India. Biol. Conserv. 168:49-56.

Sundstrom, S.M., and Allen, C.R. 2014. Complexity versus certainty in understanding species' declines. Divers. Distrib. 20(3):344-355.

Sunny, A., Monroy-Vilchis, O., Fajardo, V., and Aguilera-Reyes, U. 2014. Genetic diversity and structure of an endemic and critically endangered stream river salamander (Caudata: Ambystoma leorae) in Mexico. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):49-59.

Sutherst, R.W. 2014. Pest species distribution modelling: origins and lessons from history. Biol. Invasions 16(2):239-256.

Sverdrup-Thygeson, A., Gustafsson, L., and Kouki, J. 2014. Spatial and temporal scales relevant for conservation of dead-wood associated species: current status and perspectives. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(3):513-535.

Symons, C.C., and Arnott, S.E. 2014. Timing is everything: priority effects alter community invasibility after disturbance. Ecol. Evol. 4(4):397-407.

Tabak, M.A., Poncet, S., Passfield, K., and del Rio, C.M. 2014. Invasive species and land bird diversity on remote South Atlantic islands. Biol. Invasions 16(2):341-352.

Taft, H.R., Roff, D.A., Komonen, A., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2014. A comparison of three statistical methods for analysing extinction threat status. Environ. Conserv. 41(1):37-44.

Taylor, A.R., and Ranius, T. 2014. Tree hollows harbour a specialised oribatid mite fauna. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):39-55.

Taylor, A.T., and Peterson, D.L. 2014. Shoal bass life history and threats: a synthesis of current knowledge of a Micropterus species. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 24(1):159-167.

Teresa, C.M., Antoine, G., Carmen, C., Tiziana, S., Anna, L., and Laura, C.M. 2014. A multi-temporal approach to model endangered species distribution in Europe. The case of the Eurasian otter in Italy. Ecol. Model. 274:21-28.

Thomsen, M.S., Byers, J.E., Schiel, D.R., Bruno, J.F., Olden, J.D., Wernberg, T., and Silliman, B.R. 2014. Impacts of marine invaders on biodiversity depend on trophic position and functional similarity. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 495:39-47.

Thriveni, H.N., Sumangala, R.C., Shivaprakash, K.N., Ravikanth, G., Vasudeva, R., and Babu, H.N.R. 2014. Genetic structure and diversity of Coscinium fenestratum: a critically endangered liana of Western Ghats, India. Plant Syst. Evol. 300(3):403-413.

Tingley, R., Hitchmough, R.A., and Chapple, D.G. 2013. Analyses of extinction risk are an important part of the conservation process - reply to Monks. Biol. Conserv. 168:224-225.

Tobin, P.C., Kean, J.M., Suckling, D.M., McCullough, D.G., Herms, D.A., and Stringer, L.D. 2014. Determinants of successful arthropod eradication programs. Biol. Invasions 16(2):401-414.

Tooth, I.M., and Leishman, M.R. 2014. Elevated carbon dioxide and fire reduce biomass of native grass species when grown in competition with invasive exotic grasses in a savanna experimental system. Biol. Invasions 16(2):257-268.

Triviño, M., Cabeza, M., Thuiller, W., Hickler, T., and Araújo, M.B. 2013. Risk assessment for Iberian birds under global change. Biol. Conserv. 168:192-200.

Truhlar, A.M., Dodd, J.A., and Aldridge, D.C. 2014. Differential leaf-litter processing by native (Gammarus pulex) and invasive (Dikerogammarus villosus) freshwater crustaceans under environmental extremes. Aquat. Conserv. 24(1):56-65.

Tryjanowski, P., Sparks, T.H., Jerzak, L., Rosin, Z.M., and Skórka, P. 2014. A paradox for conservation: electricity pylons may benefit avian diversity in intensive farmland. Conserv. Lett. 7(1):34-40.

Tucker, J.M., Schwartz, M.K., Truex, R.L., Wisely, S.M., and Allendorf, F.W. 2014. Sampling affects the detection of genetic subdivision and conservation implications for fisher in the Sierra Nevada. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):123-136.

Tuda, M., Wu, L.H., Yamada, N., Wang, C.P., Wu, W.J., Buranapanichpan, S., Kagoshima, K., Chen, Z.Q., Teramoto, K.K., Kumashiro, B.R., and Heu, R. 2014. Host shift capability of a specialist seed predator of an invasive plant: roles of competition, population genetics and plant chemistry. Biol. Invasions 16(2):303-313.

Uwimbabazi, M., and Eilu, G. 2014. Avian frugivore assemblages on Celtis gomphophylla, Baker, in Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Afr. J. Ecol. 52(1):97-102.

Valente, A.M., Fonseca, C., Marques, T.A., Santos, J.P., Rodrigues, R., and Torres, R.T. 2014. Living on the edge: roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) density in the margins of its geographical range. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88459.

van der Meer, E., Rasmussen, G.S.A., Muvengwi, J., and Fritz, H. 2014. Foraging costs, hunting success and its implications for African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) conservation inside and outside a protected area. Afr. J. Ecol. 52(1):69-76.

van Gils, H., Westinga, E., Carafa, M., Antonucci, A., and Ciaschetti, G. 2014. Where the bears roam in Majella National Park, Italy. J. Nature Conserv. 22(1):23-34.

Van Looy, K., Piffady, J., Cavillon, C., Tormos, T., Landry, R., and Souchon, Y. 2014. Integrated modelling of functional and structural connectivity of river corridors for European otter recovery. Ecol. Model. 273:228-235.

van Wilgen, B.W., and Richardson, D.M. 2014. Challenges and trade-offs in the management of invasive alien trees. Biol. Invasions 16(3):721-734.

Vaz-Pinto, F., Olabarria, C., and Arenas, F. 2014. Ecosystem functioning impacts of the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). J. Phycol. 50(1):108-116.

Venkatesh, B., Lakshman, N., and Purandara, B.K. 2014. Hydrological impacts of afforestation - a review of research in India. J. Forest. Res. 25(1):37-42.

Veríssimo, D., Pongiluppi, T., Santos, M.C.M., Develey, P.F., Fraser, I., Smith, R.J., and MacMilan, D.C. 2014. Using a systematic approach to select flagship species for bird conservation. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):269-277.

Vicente, J.R., Pereira, H.M., Randin, C.F., Gonçalves, J., Lomba, A., Alves, P., Metzger, J., Cezar, M., Guisan, A., and Honrado, J. 2014. Environment and dispersal paths override life strategies and residence time in determining regional patterns of invasion by alien plants. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 16(1):1-10.

Vidal, O., López-García, J., and Rendón-Salinas, E. 2014. Trends in deforestation and forest degradation after a decade of monitoring in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve in Mexico. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):177-186.

Visser, V., Langdon, B., Pauchard, A., and Richardson, D.M. 2014. Unlocking the potential of Google Earth as a tool in invasion science. Biol. Invasions 16(3):513-534.

Voigt, C.C., Lehnert, L.S., Popa-Lisseanu, A.G., Ciechanowski, M., Estók, P., Gloza-Rausch, F., Görföl, T., Göttsche, M., Harrje, C., Hötzel, M., Teige, T., Wohlgemuth, R., and Kramer-Schadt, S. 2014. The trans-boundary importance of artificial bat hibernacula in managed European forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(3):617-631.

Von Benda-Beckmann, A.M., Wensveen, P.J., Kvadsheim, P.H., Lam, F.P.A., Miller, P.J.O., Tyack, P.L., and Ainslie, M.A. 2014. Modeling effectiveness of gradual increases in source level to mitigate effects of sonar on marine mammals. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):119-128.

von der Heyden, S., Beger, M., Toonen, R.J., van Herwerden, L., Juinio-Meñez, M.A., Ravago-Gotanco, R., Fauvelot, C., and Bernardi, G. 2014. The application of genetics to marine management and conservation: examples from the Indo-Pacific. Bull. Mar. Sci. 90(1):123-158.

Wall, W.A., Douglas, N.A., Hoffmann, W.A., Wentworth, T.R., Gray, J.B., Xiang, Q.Y.J., Knaus, B.K., and Hohmann, M.G. 2014. Evidence of population bottleneck in Astragalus michauxii (Fabaceae), a narrow endemic of the southeastern United States. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):153-164.

Walls, S.C., Waddle, J.H., and Faulkner, S.P. 2014. Wetland Reserve Program enhances site occupancy and species richness in assemblages of anuran amphibians in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley, USA. Wetlands 34(1):197-207.

Wang, X.W., Muller, J., An, L.L., Ji, L.Z., Liu, Y., Wang, X.G., and Hao, Z.Q. 2014. Intra-annual variations in abundance and species composition of carabid beetles in a temperate forest in Northeast China. J. Insect Conserv. 18(1):85-98.

Wang, X.Y., Miao, Y., Yu, S., Chen, X.Y., and Schmid, B. 2014. Genotypic diversity of an invasive plant species promotes litter decomposition and associated processes. Oecologia 174(3):993-1005.

Watson, F., Becker, M.S., McRobb, R., and Kanyembo, B. 2013. Spatial patterns of wire-snare poaching: implications for community conservation in buffer zones around National Parks. Biol. Conserv. 168:1-9.

Watson, J.E.M. 2014. Human responses to climate change will seriously impact biodiversity conservation: it's time we start planning for them. Conserv. Lett. 7(1):1-2.

Webb, J.K., Letnic, M., Jessop, T.S., and Dempster, T. 2014. Behavioural flexibility allows an invasive vertebrate to survive in a semi-arid environment. Biol. Lett. 10(2):20131014.

Weeks, R., Aliño, P.M., Atkinson, S., Beldia, P., Binson, A., Campos, W.L., Djohani, R., Green, A.L., Hamilton, R., Horigue, V., Jumin, R., Kalim, K., Kasasiah, A., Kereseka, J., Klein, C., Laroya, L., Magupin, S., Masike, B., Mohan, C., Pinto, R.M.D., Vave-Karamui, A., Villanoy, C., Welly, M., and White, A.T. 2014. Developing marine protected area networks in the Coral Triangle: good practices for expanding the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System. Coast. Manage. 42(2):183-205.

White, A.T., Aliño, P.M., Cros, A., Fatan, N.A., Green, A.L., Teoh, S.J., Laroya, L., Peterson, N., Tan, S., Tighe, S., Venegas-Li, R., Walton, A., and Wen, W. 2014. Marine protected areas in the Coral Triangle: progress, issues, and options. Coast. Manage. 42(2):87-106.

Whittet, R., and Ellis, C.J. 2013. Critical tests for lichen indicators of woodland ecological continuity. Biol. Conserv. 168:19-23.

Wilmshurst, J.M., Moar, N.T., Wood, J.R., Bellingham, P.J., Findlater, A.M., Robinson, J.J., and Stone, C. 2014. Use of pollen and ancient DNA as conservation baselines for offshore islands in New Zealand. Conserv. Biol. 28(1):202-212.

Wilson, J.D., Anderson, R., Bailey, S., Chetcuti, J., Cowie, N.R., Hancock, M.H., Quine, C.P., Russell, N., Stephen, L., and Thompson, D.B.A. 2014. Modelling edge effects of mature forest plantations on peatland waders informs landscape-scale conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(1):204-213.

Wilson, J.R.U., Caplat, P., Dickie, I.A., Hui, C., Maxwell, B.D., Nuñez, M.A., Pauchard, A., Rejmánek, M., Richardson, D.M., Robertson, M.P., Spear, D., Webber, B.L., van Wilgen, B.W., and Zenni, R.D. 2014. A standardized set of metrics to assess and monitor tree invasions. Biol. Invasions 16(3):535-551.

Winkler, E., and Peintinger, M. 2014. Impact of changing flood regime on a lakeshore plant community: long-term observations and individual-based simulation. Ecol. Model. 273:151-164.

Wolowski, M., Ashman, T.L., and Freitas, L. 2014. Meta-analysis of pollen limitation reveals the relevance of pollination generalization in the Atlantic forest of Brazil. PLoS ONE 9(2):e89498.

Woziwoda, B., and Kopeć, D. 2014. Afforestation or natural succession? Looking for the best way to manage abandoned cut-over peatlands for biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Eng. 63:143-152.

Wray, J.C., Neame, L.A., and Elle, E. 2014. Floral resources, body size, and surrounding landscape influence bee community assemblages in oak-savannah fragments. Ecol. Entomol. 39(1):83-93.

Yeo, H.H.T., Chong, K.Y., Yee, A.T.K., Giam, X.L., Corlett, R.T., and Tan, H.T.W. 2014. Leaf litter depth as an important factor inhibiting seedling establishment of an exotic palm in tropical secondary forest patches. Biol. Invasions 16(2):381-392.

Zancolli, G., Steffan-Dewenter, I., and Rödel, M.O. 2014. Amphibian diversity on the roof of Africa: unveiling the effects of habitat degradation, altitude and biogeography. Divers. Distrib. 20(3):297-308.

Zenni, R.D., Lamy, J.B., Lamarque, L.J., and Porté, A.J. 2014. Adaptive evolution and phenotypic plasticity during naturalization and spread of invasive species: implications for tree invasion biology. Biol. Invasions 16(3):635-644.

Zgurski, J.M., and Hik, D.S. 2014. Gene flow and the restoration of genetic diversity in a fluctuating collared pika (Ochotona collaris) population. Conserv. Genet. 15(1):37-48.

Zhu, G.P., Zhang, M., Ashford, J., Zou, X.R., Chen, X.J., and Zhou, Y.Q. 2014. Does life history connectivity explain distributions of Chilean jack mackerel Trachurus murphyi caught in international waters prior to decline of the southeastern Pacific fishery? Fish. Res. 151:20-25.


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