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Paul M. Peterson

Paul M. Peterson

Research Botanist & Curator

Phone: 202-633-0975
Fax: 202-786-2563
E-mail Address: PETERSON@si.edu

Postal Address
(Mail and Packages):

MRC-166/Botany
Smithsonian Institution
PO Box 37012
Washington, DC 20013-7012

Courier Address:
National Museum of Natural History
West Loading Dock
10th and Constitution Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20560-0166


Education
     Ph.D. Botany, 1988, Washington State University, Pullman, WA$M.S. Biology, 1984, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV$B.A. Botany, 1977, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA

Research Interests
     I am most interested in species and generic relationships, and biogeographical patterns in the grasses (Poaceae). My specialty is biosystematic studies of the grasses using a multitude of techniques ranging from in depth morphological, anatomical, cytological, micromorphological, molecular, cladistic, and population based genetic studies using soluble enzymes. I have completed revisionary studies in large grass genera, such as: Eragrostis, Muhlenbergia, and Sporobolus, all important forage grasses. I serve as editor of our department's periodical, Contributions from the United States National Herbarium.

Recent Publications - (All Publications)

Cialdella, Ana M., Sede, Silvana M., Romaschenko, Konstantin, Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert J., Zuloaga, Fernando O. and Morrone, O. 2014. Phylogeny of Nassella (Stipeae, Pooideae, Poaceae) based on analyses of chloroplast and nuclear ribosomal DNA and morphology. Systematic Botany, 39(3) doi:10.1600/036364414X681419

Ibrahim, Kamal M. and Peterson, Paul M. 2014. Grasses of Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 99: 1-128. doi:10.5479/si.19382812.99

Liu, Qing, Jiang, Bin, Wen, Jun and Peterson, Paul M. 2014. Low-copy nuclear gene and McGISH resolves polyploid history of Eleusine coracana and morphological character evolution in Eleusine. Turkish Journal of Botany, 38: 1-12. doi:10.3906/bot-1305-12

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin and Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda 2014. A molecular phylogeny and classification of the Cteniinae, Farragininae, Gouiniinae, Gymnopogoninae, Perotidinae, and Trichoneurinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae). Taxon, 63(2): 275-286. doi:10.12705/632.35

Romaschenko, Konstantin, Garcia-Jacas, Nuria, Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert J., Vilatersana, Roser and Susanna, Alfonso 2014. Miocene–Pliocene speciation, introgression, and migration of Patis and Ptilagrostis (Poaceae: Stipeae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 70: 244-259. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.018

Herrera, Yolanda and Peterson, Paul M. 2013. Poaceae. In: Lot, A., Medina Lemos, R. and Chiang, F., Plantas acuáticas mexicanas: una contribucion a la flora de México. México, D.F.: Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, pp.255-305.

Peterson, Paul M. 2013. Poaceae (Gramineae). Els, doi:10.1002/9780470015902.a0003689.pub2

Snow, Neil, Peterson, Paul M. and Romaschenko, Konstantin 2013. Systematics of Disakisperma (Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Chlorideae). Phytokeys, 26: 21-70. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.26.5649

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Clave de los Generos de Chloridoideae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentia: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.76-78.

Peterson, Paul M.. Poaceae (Gramineae). (https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/21907): 2012.

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Eragrostideae Stapf. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Cordoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.175

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Chlorideae Martinov. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.79

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Zoysieae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.204

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Clave de las Tribus de Chloridoideae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.76

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Muhlenbergia. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1464-1473.

Peterson, Paul M. and Canas, D. Giraldo 2012. Eragrostis Wolf. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.178-203.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo Canas, D. 2012. Muhlenbergia Schreb. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.140-154.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Canas, D. 2012. The genus Eragrostis (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) in northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru): morphological and taxonomic studies. Biblioteca Jose Jeronimo Triana, 24: 1-195.

Peterson, Paul M. and Harvey, M. J. 2012. Agrostis. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1413-1417.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin, Snow, Neil and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2012. A Molecular Phylogeny and Classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) Sensu Lato and Related Genera. Annals of Botany, 109(7): 1317-1330. doi:10.1093/aob/mcs077

Peterson, Paul M. and Saarela, J. M. 2012. Calamagrostis. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1431-1439.

Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John and Smith, S. F. 2012. Poaceae. In: Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro and Strong, M. T., Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution,(Smithsonian Contributions to Botany) pp.714-766.

Refulio-Rodriguez, N., Columbus, J. T., Gillespie, L. J., Peterson, Paul M. and Soreng, Robert John 2012. Molecular phylogeny of Dissanthelium (Poaceae: Pooideae) and its taxonomic implications. Systematic Botany, 37(1): 122-133. doi:10.600/036364412X616701

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Garcia-Jacas, N., Futorna, O. and Susanna, Alfonso 2012. Systematics and evolution of the needle grasses (Poaceae: Pooideae: Stipeae) based on analysis of multiple chloroplast loci, ITS, and lemma micromorphology. Taxon, 61(1): 18-44.

Saarela, J. M. and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Bromus. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1426-1435.

Snow, Neil and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Nomenclatural notes on Dinebra, Diplachne, Disakisperma and Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae). Phytoneuron, 2012-71: 1-2.

Snow, Neil and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Systematics of Trigonochloa (Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Chlorideae). Phytokeys, 13: 25-38. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.13.3355

Soreng, Robert J. and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Revision of Poa L. (Poaceae, Pooideae, Poeae, Poinae) in Mexico: new records, re-evaluation of P. ruprechtii, and two new species, P. palmeri and P. wendtii. Phytokeys, 15: 1-104. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.15.3084

Jiang, Bin, Peterson, Paul M. and Liu, Qing 2011. Caryopsis micromorphology of Eleusine Gaertn. (Poaceae) and its systematic implications. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 19(3): 195-204.

Liu, Qing, Peterson, Paul M. and Ge, Xue-Jun 2011. Phylogenetic signals in the realized climate niches of Chinese grasses (Poaceae). Plant Ecology, 212(10): 1733-1746. doi:10.1007/s11258

Liu, Qing, Triplett, Jimmy K., Wen, Jun and Peterson, Paul M. 2011. Allotetraploid origin and divergence in Eleusine (Chloridoideae, Poaceae): evidence from low-copy nuclear gene phylogenies and a plastid gene chronogram. Annals of Botany, 108(7): 1287-1298. doi:10.1093/aob/mcr231

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Canas, D. 2011. Las especies de Muhlenbergia (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) de Argentina. Caldasia, 33(1): 21-54.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin, Barker, Nigel P. and Linder, H. Peter 2011. Centropodieae and Ellisochloa, a new tribe and genus in Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Taxon, 60(4): 1113-1122.

Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Styer, D., Neubauer, D., Morgan, R. and Yadon, V. 2011. Agrostis lacuna-vernalis (Pooideae: Poeae: Agrostidinae), a new species from California. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 5(2): 421-426.

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Futorna, O. and Susanna, A. 2011. Phylogenetics of Piptatherum s.l. (Poaceae: Stipeae): evidence for a new genus, Piptatheropsis, and resurrection of Patis. Taxon, 60(6): 1703-1716.

Columbus, J. T., Peterson, Paul M., Refulio Rodriguez, N. F., Cerros Tlatilpa, R. and Kinney, M. S. 2010. Phylogenetics of Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae, Cynodonteae) based on ITS and trnL-F DNA sequences. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.477-495.

Davidse, Gerrit, Soreng, Robert John and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Poa unispiculata, a new gynodioecious species of cushion grass from Peru with a single spikelet per inflorescence (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae: Poinae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4(1): 37-44.

Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda, Peterson, Paul M. and Cortes Ortiz, Armando 2010. Gramineas de Zacatecas, Mexico. SIDA, Contributions to Botany, 32: 1-239.

Liu, Q., Zhang, D. X. and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Lemma micromorphological characters in the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) optimized on a molecular phylogeny. South African Journal of Botany, 76(2): 196-209. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.10.006

Liu, Qing and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Advances in systematics of adaptively radiated Eleusine Gaertn. (Poaceae). Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 18(3): 335-342.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Cañas, Diego 2010. Contribuciones para una monografía de las species Americanas de Eragrostis (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae): novedades para Colombia, México y Perú.. Revista Institucional Universidad Tecnológica del Chocó, 29(1): 5-11.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2010. A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 55(2): 580-598. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.018

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2010. A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany, 97(9): 1532-1554. doi:10.3732/ajb.0900359

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Garcia-Jacas, N. and Susanna, A. 2010. Phylogenetics of Stipeae (Poaceae: Pooideae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.511-537.

Saarela, Jeffery, Peterson, Paul M., Gonzalez, Elizondo M. and Rosen, David 2010. Eleocharis cryptica (Cyperaceae), a dwarf new species from Durango, Mexico. Brittonia, 62(3): 233-238. doi:10.1007/s12228-009-9111-y

Saarela, Jeffrey M., Liu, Qing, Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John and Paszko, Beata 2010. Phylogenetics of the grass 'Aveneae-type plastid DNA clade' (Poaceae: Pooideae, Poeae) based on plastid and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence data. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.557-587.

Soreng, Robert J. and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Poa ramifer (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae: Poinae), a new aerially branching gynomonoecious species from Peru. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4(2): 587-594.

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